Abstract

A novel all-optical technique for microwave/millimeter-wave generation using two-frequency fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based Brillouin fiber laser is presented. The mechanism for the microwave and millimeter-wave generation is theoretically analyzed. An approximately 33-GHz millimeter wave can be achieved through mixing the pump wave with the third Stokes' wave. In the experiment, an 11-GHz microwave signal is attained. The microwave frequency can be tuned by varying temperature of the fiber Fabry-Prot cavity of the Brillouin fiber laser. A more than 100-MHz tuning range around a frequency of 11 GHz is experimentally achieved.

© 2005 IEEE

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Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (14)

A. J. Lowery and P. C. R. Gurney, "Comparison of optical processing techniques for optical microwave signal generation", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 142-150, Feb. 1998.

P. O. Hedekvist, B. E. Olsson and A. Wiberg, "Microwave harmonic frequency generation utilizing the properties of an optical phase modulator", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 882-886, Mar. 2004.

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddams and L. Hollberg, "Analysis of noise mechanisms limiting the frequency stability of microwave signals generated with a femtosecond laser", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1059-1065, Jul.-Aug. 2003.

S. A. Diddams, A. Bartels, T. M. Ramond, C. W. Oates, S. Bize, E. A. Curtis, J. C. Bergquist and L. Hollberg, "Design and control of femtosecond lasers for optical clocks and the synthesis of low-noise optical and microwave signals", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1072-1080, Jul.-Aug. 2003.

S. Bauer, O. Brox, J. Kreissl, G. Sahin and B. Sartorius, "Optical microwave source", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 334-335, Mar. 2002.

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet and A. Poezevara, "High-spectral purity RF beat note generated by a two-frequency solid-state laser in a dual thermooptic and electrooptic phase-locked loop", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 870-872, Mar. 2004.

X. J. Meng and J. Menders, "Optical generation of microwave signals using SSB-based frequency-doubling scheme", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 103-105, Jan. 2003.

V. Lecoeuche, P. Niay, M. Douay, P. Bernage, S. Randoux and J. Zemmouri, "Bragg grating based brillouin fiber laser", Opt. Commun., vol. 177, pp. 303-306, Apr. 2000.

V. Lecoeuche, S. Randoux, B. Sgard and J. Zemmouri, "Dynamics of a brillouin fiber ring laser: Off-resonant case", Phys. Rev. A, Gen. Phys., vol. 53, pp. 2822-2828, Apr. 1996.

K. Ogusu, "Analysis of steady-state cascaded stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber Fabry-Prot resonator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 947-949, Jul. 2002.

Y. H. Ja, "Using the shooting method to solve boundary-value problems involving nonlinear coupled-wave equations", Opt. Quantum Electron. , vol. 15, pp. 529-538, 1983.

P. R. Gill, W. Murray and M. H. Wright, The Levenberg-Marquardt Method, London: U.K.: Academic, 1981, pp. 136-137.

J. C. Yong, L. Thvenaz and B. Y. Kim, "Brillouin fiber laser pumped by a DFB laser diode", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 546-554, Feb. 2003.

P.-A. Nicati, K. Toyama and H. J. Shaw, "Frequency stability of a brillouin fiber ring laser", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1445-1451, Jul. 1995.

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