Abstract

We demonstrate a tunable passive all-optical pulse repetition rate multiplier based on the fractional temporal Talbot effect. The multiplier comprises a series of identical linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings (LCFBGs) interconnected via two multiport (N x N) switches. Discrete multiplication factors are obtained by simply using the switch to set the optical path of the input pulse train to be reflected by the required number of gratings, and hence, corresponding dispersion, to satisfy the Talbot condition. In our demonstration, we reflect an 8.62-GHz input pulse train from a cascade of one to four LCFBGs, resulting in discrete repetition rate multiplication factors of 12, 6, 4, and 3, respectively. We obtain output repetition rates exceeding 100 GHz; the multiplied train exhibits excellent signal stability with low amplitude ripple and timing jitter, and the output pulses are of similar duration to those at the input.

© 2005 IEEE

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  12. J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim and S. B. Lee, "2-5 times tunable repetition-rate multiplication of a 10 GHz pulse source using a linearly tunable, chirped fiber Bragg grating", Opt. Express, vol. 12, no. 17, pp. 3900 -3905, 2004.

Other

A. D. Ellis, R. J. Manning, I. D. Phillips and D. Nesset, "1.6 ps pulse generation at 40 GHz in phaselocked ring laser incorporating highly nonlinear fiber for application to 160 Gbit/s OTDM networks", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 645-646, 1999.

D. M. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen and M. C. Nuss, "T-ray imaging", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 679-691, May/Jun. 1996.

R. M. Woodward, B. E. Cole, V. P. Wallace, R. J. Pye, D. D. Arnone, E. H. Linfield and M. Pepper, "Terahertz pulse imaging in reflection geometry of human skin cancer and skin tissue", Phys. Med. Biol., vol. 47, pp. 3853-3863, 2002.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama and T. Ishibashi, "InP/InGaAs uni-travelling carrier photodiode with 310 GHz bandwidth", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 21, pp. 1809-1810, 2000.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, T. Ito, Y. Muramoto, K. Tsuzuki, K. Yoshino and T. Ishibashi, "W-band uni-travelling-carrier photodiode module for high-power photonic millimeter wave generation", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 22, pp. 1376-1377, 2002.

J. D. McKinney, D. S. Seo and A. M. Weiner, "Photonically assisted generation of continuous arbitrary millimeter electromagnetic waveforms", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 309-311, 2003.

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. , vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 728-744, Jul./Aug. 2001.

C. J. S. de Matos and J. R. Taylor, "Tunable repetition-rate multiplication of a 10 GHz pulse train using linear and nonlinear fiber propagation", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 83, no. 26, pp. 5356-5358, 2003.

K. Ennser, M. N. Zervas and R. I. Laming, "Optimization of apodized linearly chirped fiber gratings for optical communications", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 770-778, May 1998.

J. T. Mok and B. J. Eggleton, "Impact of group delay ripple on repetition-rate multiplication through Talbot self-imaging effect", Opt. Commun., vol. 232, no. 1-6, pp. 167 -178, 2004.

B. J. Eggleton, A. Ahuja, P. S. Westbrook, J. A. Rogers, P. Kuo, T. N. Nielsen and B. Mikkelsen, "Integrated tunable fiber gratings for dispersion management in high-bit rate systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 1418-1432, Oct. 2000.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y.-G. Han, S. H. Kim and S. B. Lee, "2-5 times tunable repetition-rate multiplication of a 10 GHz pulse source using a linearly tunable, chirped fiber Bragg grating", Opt. Express, vol. 12, no. 17, pp. 3900 -3905, 2004.

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