Abstract

This paper analyzes the performance of the atmospheric optical subcarrier multiplexing (AO-SCM) systems and the atmospheric optical subcarrier-modulated code-division multiplexing (AO-CDM) systems. The average received carrier-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (CINR) of the AO-SCM systems and the AO-CDM systems on a turbulence channel with the scintillation and the nonlinearity of a laser diode is derived. It is shown that the received CINR of the AO-CDM systems is larger than that of the AO-SCM systems when the number of channels is four for the same optical modulation index (OMI), and vice versa, when the number of channels is 16 for the same OMI.

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Appl. Opt.

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. You and J. M. Kahn, "Average power reduction techniques for multiple-subcarrier intensity-modulation optical signals", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 2164-2171, Dec. 2001.

S. Teramoto and T. Ohtsuki, "Multiple-subcarrier optical communication systems with subcarrier signal point sequence", in IEEE GLOBECOM 2002, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.,Nov. 2002, pp. 1845- 1849.

F. Khaleghi and M. Kavehrad, "A subcarrier multiplexed CDM optical local area network, theory and experiment", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. COM-43, no. 1, pp. 75-87, Jan. 1995.

J. C. Daly, "Fiber optic intermodulation distortion", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. COM-30, no. 8, pp. 1954-1958, Aug. 1982.

E. Brookner, "Atmospheric propagation and communication channel model for laser wavelengths: an update", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 265-270, Feb. 1974.

W. Huang, J. Takayanagi, T. Sakagawa and M. Nakagawa, "Atmospheric optical communication system using subcarrier PSK modulation", IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E76-B, pp. 1169-1176, May 1993.

B. J. Koshy and P. M. Shankar, "Spread-spectrum techniques for fiber-fed microcellular networks", IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 847-857, May 1999.

W. Huang and M. Nakagawa, "Nonlinear effect of direct-sequence CDMA in optical transmission", IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E78-B, pp. 702-708, May 1995.

S. Karp, R. M. Gagliardi, S. E. Moran and L. B. Stotts, Optical Channels: Fibers, Clouds, Water, and the Atmosphere , New York and London: Plenum, 1988.

"Turbo-coded atmospheric optical communication systems", in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications (ICC 2002), New York, Apr./May 2002, pp. 2938-2942.

X. Zhu and J. M. Kahn, "Free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence channels", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. COM-50, no. 8, pp. 1293-1300, Aug. 2002.

H. Mizuguti, T. Okuno, S. Komaki and N. Morinaga, "Performance analysis of optical fiber link for microcellular mobile communication systems", IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E76-C, pp. 271-278, Feb. 1993.

H. Jung and O. K. Tonguz, "Random spacing channel assignment to reduce the nonlinear intermodulation distortion in cellular mobile communications", IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1666 -1675, Sep. 1999.

F. Khaleghi and M. Kavehrad, "A new correlator receiver architecture for noncoherent optical CDMA networks with bipolar capacity", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. COM-44, no. 10, pp. 1335-1339, Oct. 1996.

R. Gross and R. Olshansky, "Multichannel coherent FSK experiments using subcarrier multiplexing techniques", J. Lightw. Technol,, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 406-415, Mar. 1990.

W. I. Way, "Subcarrier multiplexed lightwave system design considerations for subscriber loop applications", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 1806-1818, Nov. 1989.

S. Kajiya, K. Tsukamoto and S. Komaki, "Proposal of fiber-optic radio highway networks using CDMA method", IEICE Trans. Electron, vol. E79-C, pp. 111-117, Jan. 1996.

S. Arnon, "Optimization of urban optical wireless communication systems", IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 626-629, Jul. 2003.

D. Kedar and S. Arnon, "Optical wireless communication through fog in the presence of pointing errors", Appl. Opt. , vol. 42, pp. 4946-4954, Aug. 2003.

D. Bushuev, D. Kedar and S. Arnon, "Analyzing the performance of a nanosatellite cluster-detector array receiver for laser communication", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 447-455, Feb. 2003.

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