Abstract

The properties of a structure consisting of two cascaded arrayed-waveguide gratings (AWGs), including a lens in its middle focal plane, are investigated. The transfer function is calculated analytically by means of Fourier optics. From this, the dispersion characteristics were derived for an arbitrary lens and especially for a lens with a parabolic phase signature. Changing the coefficient of this parabolic phase signature also changes the chromatic dispersion of the component. It is therefore well suited for adaptive dispersion compensation.

© 2005 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. K. Takiguchi, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, A. Himeno and K. Hattori, "Dispersion slope equalizer for dispersion shifted fiber using a lattice-form programmable optical filter on a planar lightwave circuit", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1647-1656, Sep. 1998.
  2. B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz and K. Dreyer, "Tunable dispersion compensation in a 160-Gb/s TDM system by a voltage controlled chirped fiber bragg grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1022 -1024, Aug. 2000.
  3. C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filter for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1623-1625, Dec. 1999.
  4. L. M. Lunardi, D. J. Moss, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion compensation at 40-Gb/s using a multicavaty etalon all-pass filter with NRZ, RZ and CS-RZ modulation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2136-2144, Dec. 2002.
  5. M. C. Parker, S. D. Walker, A. Yiptong and R. J. Mears, "Application of active arrayed-waveguide gratings in dynamic WDM networking and routing", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1749-1756, Dec. 2000.
  6. H. Ooi, K. Nakamura, Y. Akiyamata, T. Takahara, T. Terahara, Y. Kawahata, H. Isono and G. Ishikawa, "40-Gb/s WDM transmission with virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) variable dispersion compensators", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2196-2203, Dec. 2002.
  7. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, L. Buhl, P. Bernasconi and R. Pafchek, "Automatic colorless tunable dispersion compensator with integrated tunable noise filter", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC 2002), Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper PD1.9, Sep. 8-12,.
  8. C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar and L. Buhl, "Multichannel integrated tunable dispersion compensator employing a thermooptic lens", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2002), Anaheim, CA, Paper FA6-1, Mar. 17-22,.
  9. F. Kerbstadt and K. Petermann, "Analytical description for adaptive dispersion compensators based on double-AWG-structures", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC 2003), Rimini, Italy, Paper We4.P.54, Sep. 21-25,.
  10. F. Kerbstadt and K. Petermann, "Double-AWG-structure with moveable lens for adaptive dispersion compensation", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper We4.P.053, Sep. 5-9,.
  11. P. Muñoz, D. Pastor and J. Chapmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 661-674, Apr. 2002.
  12. D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics, New York: Van Reinhold, 1972.
  13. A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory, London: U.K.: Chapman & Hall, 1983, ch. 20, pp. 421-426.
  14. A. V. Oppenheim and R. W. Schafer, Zeitdiskrete Signalverarbeitung, Munich: Germany: R. Oldenbourg Verlag GmbH, 1995, pp. 249-249.

Other (14)

K. Takiguchi, S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, A. Himeno and K. Hattori, "Dispersion slope equalizer for dispersion shifted fiber using a lattice-form programmable optical filter on a planar lightwave circuit", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1647-1656, Sep. 1998.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, A. Ahuja, J. A. Rogers, P. S. Westbrook, T. N. Nielsen, S. Stulz and K. Dreyer, "Tunable dispersion compensation in a 160-Gb/s TDM system by a voltage controlled chirped fiber bragg grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1022 -1024, Aug. 2000.

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, A. J. Bruce, M. A. Cappuzzo, L. T. Gomez and R. E. Scotti, "Integrated all-pass filter for tunable dispersion and dispersion slope compensation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1623-1625, Dec. 1999.

L. M. Lunardi, D. J. Moss, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran and C. A. Hulse, "Tunable dispersion compensation at 40-Gb/s using a multicavaty etalon all-pass filter with NRZ, RZ and CS-RZ modulation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2136-2144, Dec. 2002.

M. C. Parker, S. D. Walker, A. Yiptong and R. J. Mears, "Application of active arrayed-waveguide gratings in dynamic WDM networking and routing", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1749-1756, Dec. 2000.

H. Ooi, K. Nakamura, Y. Akiyamata, T. Takahara, T. Terahara, Y. Kawahata, H. Isono and G. Ishikawa, "40-Gb/s WDM transmission with virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) variable dispersion compensators", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2196-2203, Dec. 2002.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, L. Buhl, P. Bernasconi and R. Pafchek, "Automatic colorless tunable dispersion compensator with integrated tunable noise filter", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC 2002), Copenhagen, Denmark,Paper PD1.9, Sep. 8-12,.

C. R. Doerr, L. W. Stulz, S. Chandrasekhar and L. Buhl, "Multichannel integrated tunable dispersion compensator employing a thermooptic lens", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2002), Anaheim, CA, Paper FA6-1, Mar. 17-22,.

F. Kerbstadt and K. Petermann, "Analytical description for adaptive dispersion compensators based on double-AWG-structures", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC 2003), Rimini, Italy, Paper We4.P.54, Sep. 21-25,.

F. Kerbstadt and K. Petermann, "Double-AWG-structure with moveable lens for adaptive dispersion compensation", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper We4.P.053, Sep. 5-9,.

P. Muñoz, D. Pastor and J. Chapmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 661-674, Apr. 2002.

D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics, New York: Van Reinhold, 1972.

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory, London: U.K.: Chapman & Hall, 1983, ch. 20, pp. 421-426.

A. V. Oppenheim and R. W. Schafer, Zeitdiskrete Signalverarbeitung, Munich: Germany: R. Oldenbourg Verlag GmbH, 1995, pp. 249-249.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.