Abstract

This paper presents successful 20 and 40 Gb/s potentially low-cost transmission experiments using 1310 nm directly modulated distributed feedback lasers (DMLs) in the very-short-to medium-range distances. This paper will recommend operating conditions for error-free transmission at these bit rates and distances. Pattern dependencies are identified. General characteristics of direct laser modulation are confirmed by dedicated simulation software and experiments. Unknown laser parameters needed to solve the rate equations are estimated by a given method based on measured and calculated small-and large-signal DML responses.

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  1. A. H. Gnauck, et al. "16 Gbit/s direct modulation of an InGaAsP laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 15, pp. 801-803, Jul. 1987.
  2. Y. Hakamata, et al. "Transmission experiment at 5 Gbit/s using 1300 nm Fabry-Perot type LD and PIN PD", Electron. Lett., vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 739-740, May 1990.
  3. J. E. Bowers, et al. "30 Gbit/s transmission experiment using directly modulated semiconductor lasers", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 2684, Feb. 1996, pp. 54-57.
  4. R. Penty, et al. "Fast modulation performance of uncooled semiconductor lasers", in Proc. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics MWP, vol. TU4.1, Sep. 2000, pp. 101-104.
  5. J. K. White, et al. "20 Gbit/s directly modulated 1310 ridge laser", in Tech. Dig. OFC 2001, vol. 3, Mar. 2001, pp. 1-3.
  6. D. S. Shin, et al. "10 Gbit/s transmission over 50 km nonzero dispersion-shifted fiber using 1.3 µ m directly modulated uncooled transmitters", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 16, pp. 864-865, Aug. 2002.
  7. N. Chand, et al. "10.7 Gbit/s transmission over 75 km SSMF using 1.3 µ m directly modulated uncooled transmitters at 85° C", in Tech. Dig. ECOC 2002, vol. 2, Sep. 2002, p. 2.
  8. S. Csutak, et al. "10 Gb/s Operation of 1.3 µ m uncooled ridge-waveguide be-doped DFB laser", in Tech. Dig. OFC 2003, vol. 2-FG1, Mar. 2003, pp. 677- 678.
  9. K. Sato, et al. "Direct modulation of a distributed feedback laser for 40 Gbit/s very-short-reach optical links", in Tech. Dig. OFC 2002 , vol. ThF2, Mar. 2002, pp. 416-417.
  10. J. E. Bowers, "High speed semiconductor laser design and performance", Solid-State Electron., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 1-11, Jan. 1987.
  11. K. Hagimoto, et al. "40-Gbit/s transmission systems", in OFC'98 Tech. Dig., Feb. 1998, pp. 114- 115.
  12. M. M. Freire, et al. "Multi-quantum well laser parameters for simulation of optical transmission systems up to 40 Gbit/s", in Conf. Proc. IEEE Globecom 1998, vol. 3, Nov. 1998, pp. 1467- 1472.
  13. R. DeSalvo, et al. "Adavanced components and sub-system solutions for 40 Gb/s transmission", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 2154-2182, Dec. 2002.
  14. LOFAR home page. [Online]. Available: http://www.lofar.org/
  15. BraBant BreedBand home page. [Online]. Available: http://www.brabantbreedband.nl/projects/RETINA/
  16. K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise, Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic, 1991.
  17. M. T. Heath, Scientific Computing: An Introductory Survey, New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002.
  18. J. C. Cartledge, et al. "Extraction of DFB rate equation parameters for system simulation purposes", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, pp. 852-860, May 1997.
  19. P. A. Morton, et al. "Frequency response subtraction for simple measurement of intrinsic laser dynamic properties", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, pp. 133-136, Feb. 1992.
  20. R. Olshansky, et al. "Frequency response of 1.3 µ m InGaAsP high speed semiconductor lasers", J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-23, pp. 1410-1418, Sept. 1987.
  21. M. M. Freire, et al. "Estimation of multiple-quantum well laser parameters for simulation of dispersion supported transmission systems at 20 Gbit/s", in Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron., vol. 146, Apr. 1999, pp. 93-98.
  22. H. de Waardt, "High capacity 1300 nanometer optical transmission", Ph.D. dissertation, Technische Universiteit Delft, Sep. 1995.
  23. J. Turkiewicz, et al. "All-semiconductor 1310-nm 90-Gbit/s WDM transmission for LAN/MAN applications", in Proc. ECOC'02, vol. 2, Sep. 2002, p. 2.
  24. B. Wedding, et al. "43 Gbit/s transmission over 210 km SMF with a directly modulated laser diode", in Proc. ECOC'03, vol. 1, Sep. 2003, p. 2.

Other

A. H. Gnauck, et al. "16 Gbit/s direct modulation of an InGaAsP laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 15, pp. 801-803, Jul. 1987.

Y. Hakamata, et al. "Transmission experiment at 5 Gbit/s using 1300 nm Fabry-Perot type LD and PIN PD", Electron. Lett., vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 739-740, May 1990.

J. E. Bowers, et al. "30 Gbit/s transmission experiment using directly modulated semiconductor lasers", in Proc. SPIE, vol. 2684, Feb. 1996, pp. 54-57.

R. Penty, et al. "Fast modulation performance of uncooled semiconductor lasers", in Proc. Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics MWP, vol. TU4.1, Sep. 2000, pp. 101-104.

J. K. White, et al. "20 Gbit/s directly modulated 1310 ridge laser", in Tech. Dig. OFC 2001, vol. 3, Mar. 2001, pp. 1-3.

D. S. Shin, et al. "10 Gbit/s transmission over 50 km nonzero dispersion-shifted fiber using 1.3 µ m directly modulated uncooled transmitters", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 16, pp. 864-865, Aug. 2002.

N. Chand, et al. "10.7 Gbit/s transmission over 75 km SSMF using 1.3 µ m directly modulated uncooled transmitters at 85° C", in Tech. Dig. ECOC 2002, vol. 2, Sep. 2002, p. 2.

S. Csutak, et al. "10 Gb/s Operation of 1.3 µ m uncooled ridge-waveguide be-doped DFB laser", in Tech. Dig. OFC 2003, vol. 2-FG1, Mar. 2003, pp. 677- 678.

K. Sato, et al. "Direct modulation of a distributed feedback laser for 40 Gbit/s very-short-reach optical links", in Tech. Dig. OFC 2002 , vol. ThF2, Mar. 2002, pp. 416-417.

J. E. Bowers, "High speed semiconductor laser design and performance", Solid-State Electron., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 1-11, Jan. 1987.

K. Hagimoto, et al. "40-Gbit/s transmission systems", in OFC'98 Tech. Dig., Feb. 1998, pp. 114- 115.

M. M. Freire, et al. "Multi-quantum well laser parameters for simulation of optical transmission systems up to 40 Gbit/s", in Conf. Proc. IEEE Globecom 1998, vol. 3, Nov. 1998, pp. 1467- 1472.

R. DeSalvo, et al. "Adavanced components and sub-system solutions for 40 Gb/s transmission", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 2154-2182, Dec. 2002.

LOFAR home page. [Online]. Available: http://www.lofar.org/

BraBant BreedBand home page. [Online]. Available: http://www.brabantbreedband.nl/projects/RETINA/

K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise, Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic, 1991.

M. T. Heath, Scientific Computing: An Introductory Survey, New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002.

J. C. Cartledge, et al. "Extraction of DFB rate equation parameters for system simulation purposes", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, pp. 852-860, May 1997.

P. A. Morton, et al. "Frequency response subtraction for simple measurement of intrinsic laser dynamic properties", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, pp. 133-136, Feb. 1992.

R. Olshansky, et al. "Frequency response of 1.3 µ m InGaAsP high speed semiconductor lasers", J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-23, pp. 1410-1418, Sept. 1987.

M. M. Freire, et al. "Estimation of multiple-quantum well laser parameters for simulation of dispersion supported transmission systems at 20 Gbit/s", in Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron., vol. 146, Apr. 1999, pp. 93-98.

H. de Waardt, "High capacity 1300 nanometer optical transmission", Ph.D. dissertation, Technische Universiteit Delft, Sep. 1995.

J. Turkiewicz, et al. "All-semiconductor 1310-nm 90-Gbit/s WDM transmission for LAN/MAN applications", in Proc. ECOC'02, vol. 2, Sep. 2002, p. 2.

B. Wedding, et al. "43 Gbit/s transmission over 210 km SMF with a directly modulated laser diode", in Proc. ECOC'03, vol. 1, Sep. 2003, p. 2.

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