Abstract

Strong optical injection and optical frequency matching have been used to effect an experimental demonstration of two-mode synchronization using a multimode external-cavity chaotic transmitter laser and two single-mode stand-alone receiver lasers. It is shown by means of synchronization diagrams and measured cross-correlation functions that the longitudinal modes of the receiver lasers have been successfully synchronized to frequency matched modes of the transmitter laser operating in the low frequency fluctuation regime.

© 2005 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. L. M. Pecora and T. L. Carroll, "Synchronization in chaotic systems", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 821-824, Nov. 1990.
  2. S. Sivaprakasam and K. A. Shore, "Demonstration of optical synchronization of chaotic external-cavity laser diodes", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 466-468, Apr. 1999.
  3. H. Fujino and J. Ohtsubo, "Experimental synchronization of chaotic oscillations in external-cavity semiconductor lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 625-627, May 2000.
  4. M. Peil, T. Heil, I. Fischer and W. Elsäßer, "Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser systems: A vectorial coupling-dependent scenario", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 88, no. 17, pp. 174 101-1 -174 101-4, Apr. 2002.
  5. T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, J. Mulet and C. R. Mirasso, "Chaos synchronization and spontaneous symmetry-breaking in symmetrically delay-coupled semiconductor lasers", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 795-798, Jan. 2001.
  6. J. Mulet, C. Masoller and C. R. Mirasso, "Modeling bidirectionally coupled single-mode semiconductor lasers", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 063 815-1-063 815-12, Jun. 2002.
  7. J. M. Buldú, R. Vicente, T. Pérez, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent and J. García-Ojalvo, "Periodic entrainment of power dropouts in mutually coupled semiconductor lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett. , vol. 81, no. 27, pp. 5105-5107, Dec. 2002.
  8. N. Fujiwara, Y. Takiguchi and J. Ohtsubo, "Observation of the synchronization of chaos in mutually injected vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 18, pp. 1677-1679, Sept. 2003.
  9. V. Anoovazzi-Lodi, S. Donati and A. Scirè, "Synchronization of chaotic lasers by optical feedback for cryptographic applications", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1449-1454, Sep. 1997.
  10. J.-P. Goedgebuer, L. Larger and H. Porte, "Optical cryptosystem based on synchronization of hyperchaos generated by a delayed feedback tunable laserdiode", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 2249-2252, June 1998.
  11. G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, "Optical communication with chaotic waveforms", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 81, no. 16, pp. 3547-3550, Oct. 1998.
  12. S. Sivaprakasam and K. A. Shore, "Signal masking for chaotic optical communication using external-cavity diode lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 17, pp. 1200-1202, Sept. 1999.
  13. S. Tang and J.-M. Liu, "Message encoding-decoding at 2.5 Gbits/s through synchronization of chaotic pulsing semiconductor lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 23, pp. 1843-1845, Dec. 2001.
  14. C. R. Mirasso, J. Mulet and C. Masoller, "Chaos shift-keying encryption in chaotic external-cavity semiconductor lasers using a single-receiver scheme", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 456-458, Apr. 2002.
  15. M. W. Lee, L. Larger and J.-P. Goedgebuer, "Transmission system using chaotic delays between lightwaves", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, pp. 931-935, Jul. 2003.
  16. C. Masoller, "Anticipation in the synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers with optical feedback", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 13, pp. 2782-2785, 2001.
  17. S. Tang and J.-M. Liu, "Experimental verification of anticipated and retarded synchronization in chaotic semiconductor lasers", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 90, no. 19, pp. 194 101-1 -194 101-4, May 2003.
  18. Y. Liu and P. Davis, "Dual synchronization of chaos", Phys. Rev. E, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. R2176-R2179, Mar. 2000.
  19. A. Uchida, S. Kinugawa, T. Matsuura and S. Yoshimori, "Dual synchronization of chaos in one-way coupled microchip lasers", Phys. Rev. E, vol. 67, pp. 026 220-1-026 220-8, Feb. 2003.
  20. R. Vicente, T. Pérez and C. R. Mirasso, "Open-versus closed-loop performance of synchronized chaotic external-cavity semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, pp. 1197 -1204, Sep. 2002.
  21. M. W. Lee, J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam and K. A. Shore, "Comparison of closed-loop and open-loop feedback schemes of message decoding using chaotic laser diodes", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 22, pp. 2168-2170, Nov. 2003.
  22. Y. Hong, M. W. Lee, P. S. Spencer and K. A. Shore, "Synchronization of chaos in unidirectionally coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers", Opt. Lett. , vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 1215-1217, June 2004.
  23. M. W. Lee, Y. Hong and K. A. Shore, "Experimental demonstration of VCSEL-based chaotic optical communications", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 2392-2394, Oct. 2004.
  24. A. Murakami and J. Ohtsubo, "Synchronization of feedback-induced chaos in semiconductor lasers by optical injection", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 033 826-1-033 826-7, Mar. 2002.
  25. Y. Liu, P. Davis, Y. Takiguchi, T. Aida, S. Saito and J.-M. Liu, "Injection locking and synchronization of periodic and chaotic signals in semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, pp. 269-278, Feb. 2003.
  26. I. Fischer, Y. Liu and P. Davis, "Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser dynamics on sub-ns timescales and its potential for chaos communication", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 011 801-1-011 801-4, 2000.
  27. J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos synchronization and chaotic signal masking in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, pp. 1141-1154, Sep. 2002.
  28. J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. S. Spencer and K. A. Shore, "Optically modulated chaotic communication scheme with external-cavity length as a key to security", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 497-503, Mar. 2003.
  29. A. Uchida, Y. Liu and P. Davis, "Characteristics of chaotic masking in synchronized semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, pp. 963-970, Aug. 2003.
  30. J. Paul, M. W. Lee and K. A. Shore, "Effect of chaos pass filtering on message decoding quality using chaotic external-cavity laser diodes", Opt. Lett., vol. 29, no. 21, pp. 2497-2499, Nov. 2004.
  31. J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam and K. A. Shore, "Dual-channel chaotic optical communications using external-cavity semiconductor lasers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 514-521, Mar. 2004.
  32. M. W. Lee and K. A. Shore, "Chaotic message broadcasting using DFB laser diodes", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 614-615, May 2004.
  33. T. Heil, I. Fischer, J. Mulet, W. Elsäßer and C. R. Mirasso, "Statistical properties of low-frequency fluctuations during single-mode operation in distributed-feedback lasers; Experiments and modeling", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 18, pp. 1275-1277, Sep. 1999.
  34. J. M. Buldú, J. Trull, M. C. Torrent, J. García-Ojalvo and C. R. Mirasso, "Dynamics of modal power distribution in a multimode semiconductor laser with optical feedback", J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt., vol. 4, pp. L1-L3, Jan. 2002.
  35. K. Kusumoto and J. Ohtsubo, "Anticipating synchronization based on optical injection-locking in chaotic semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 39, pp. 1531-1536, Dec. 2003.
  36. A. T. Ryan, G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray and E. C. Gage, "Optical-feedback induced chaos and its control in multimode semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 30, pp. 668-679, Mar. 1994.
  37. J. M. Buldú, J. García-Ojalvo and M. C. Torrent, "Demultiplexing chaos from multimode semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 41, pp. 164-170, Feb. 2005.

Other

L. M. Pecora and T. L. Carroll, "Synchronization in chaotic systems", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 821-824, Nov. 1990.

S. Sivaprakasam and K. A. Shore, "Demonstration of optical synchronization of chaotic external-cavity laser diodes", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 466-468, Apr. 1999.

H. Fujino and J. Ohtsubo, "Experimental synchronization of chaotic oscillations in external-cavity semiconductor lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 625-627, May 2000.

M. Peil, T. Heil, I. Fischer and W. Elsäßer, "Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser systems: A vectorial coupling-dependent scenario", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 88, no. 17, pp. 174 101-1 -174 101-4, Apr. 2002.

T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, J. Mulet and C. R. Mirasso, "Chaos synchronization and spontaneous symmetry-breaking in symmetrically delay-coupled semiconductor lasers", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 795-798, Jan. 2001.

J. Mulet, C. Masoller and C. R. Mirasso, "Modeling bidirectionally coupled single-mode semiconductor lasers", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 063 815-1-063 815-12, Jun. 2002.

J. M. Buldú, R. Vicente, T. Pérez, C. R. Mirasso, M. C. Torrent and J. García-Ojalvo, "Periodic entrainment of power dropouts in mutually coupled semiconductor lasers", Appl. Phys. Lett. , vol. 81, no. 27, pp. 5105-5107, Dec. 2002.

N. Fujiwara, Y. Takiguchi and J. Ohtsubo, "Observation of the synchronization of chaos in mutually injected vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 18, pp. 1677-1679, Sept. 2003.

V. Anoovazzi-Lodi, S. Donati and A. Scirè, "Synchronization of chaotic lasers by optical feedback for cryptographic applications", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1449-1454, Sep. 1997.

J.-P. Goedgebuer, L. Larger and H. Porte, "Optical cryptosystem based on synchronization of hyperchaos generated by a delayed feedback tunable laserdiode", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 2249-2252, June 1998.

G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, "Optical communication with chaotic waveforms", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 81, no. 16, pp. 3547-3550, Oct. 1998.

S. Sivaprakasam and K. A. Shore, "Signal masking for chaotic optical communication using external-cavity diode lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 17, pp. 1200-1202, Sept. 1999.

S. Tang and J.-M. Liu, "Message encoding-decoding at 2.5 Gbits/s through synchronization of chaotic pulsing semiconductor lasers", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 23, pp. 1843-1845, Dec. 2001.

C. R. Mirasso, J. Mulet and C. Masoller, "Chaos shift-keying encryption in chaotic external-cavity semiconductor lasers using a single-receiver scheme", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 456-458, Apr. 2002.

M. W. Lee, L. Larger and J.-P. Goedgebuer, "Transmission system using chaotic delays between lightwaves", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, pp. 931-935, Jul. 2003.

C. Masoller, "Anticipation in the synchronization of chaotic semiconductor lasers with optical feedback", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 86, no. 13, pp. 2782-2785, 2001.

S. Tang and J.-M. Liu, "Experimental verification of anticipated and retarded synchronization in chaotic semiconductor lasers", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 90, no. 19, pp. 194 101-1 -194 101-4, May 2003.

Y. Liu and P. Davis, "Dual synchronization of chaos", Phys. Rev. E, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. R2176-R2179, Mar. 2000.

A. Uchida, S. Kinugawa, T. Matsuura and S. Yoshimori, "Dual synchronization of chaos in one-way coupled microchip lasers", Phys. Rev. E, vol. 67, pp. 026 220-1-026 220-8, Feb. 2003.

R. Vicente, T. Pérez and C. R. Mirasso, "Open-versus closed-loop performance of synchronized chaotic external-cavity semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, pp. 1197 -1204, Sep. 2002.

M. W. Lee, J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam and K. A. Shore, "Comparison of closed-loop and open-loop feedback schemes of message decoding using chaotic laser diodes", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 22, pp. 2168-2170, Nov. 2003.

Y. Hong, M. W. Lee, P. S. Spencer and K. A. Shore, "Synchronization of chaos in unidirectionally coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers", Opt. Lett. , vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 1215-1217, June 2004.

M. W. Lee, Y. Hong and K. A. Shore, "Experimental demonstration of VCSEL-based chaotic optical communications", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 2392-2394, Oct. 2004.

A. Murakami and J. Ohtsubo, "Synchronization of feedback-induced chaos in semiconductor lasers by optical injection", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 033 826-1-033 826-7, Mar. 2002.

Y. Liu, P. Davis, Y. Takiguchi, T. Aida, S. Saito and J.-M. Liu, "Injection locking and synchronization of periodic and chaotic signals in semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, pp. 269-278, Feb. 2003.

I. Fischer, Y. Liu and P. Davis, "Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser dynamics on sub-ns timescales and its potential for chaos communication", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 011 801-1-011 801-4, 2000.

J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos synchronization and chaotic signal masking in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 38, pp. 1141-1154, Sep. 2002.

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam, P. S. Spencer and K. A. Shore, "Optically modulated chaotic communication scheme with external-cavity length as a key to security", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 497-503, Mar. 2003.

A. Uchida, Y. Liu and P. Davis, "Characteristics of chaotic masking in synchronized semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, pp. 963-970, Aug. 2003.

J. Paul, M. W. Lee and K. A. Shore, "Effect of chaos pass filtering on message decoding quality using chaotic external-cavity laser diodes", Opt. Lett., vol. 29, no. 21, pp. 2497-2499, Nov. 2004.

J. Paul, S. Sivaprakasam and K. A. Shore, "Dual-channel chaotic optical communications using external-cavity semiconductor lasers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 514-521, Mar. 2004.

M. W. Lee and K. A. Shore, "Chaotic message broadcasting using DFB laser diodes", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 614-615, May 2004.

T. Heil, I. Fischer, J. Mulet, W. Elsäßer and C. R. Mirasso, "Statistical properties of low-frequency fluctuations during single-mode operation in distributed-feedback lasers; Experiments and modeling", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 18, pp. 1275-1277, Sep. 1999.

J. M. Buldú, J. Trull, M. C. Torrent, J. García-Ojalvo and C. R. Mirasso, "Dynamics of modal power distribution in a multimode semiconductor laser with optical feedback", J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt., vol. 4, pp. L1-L3, Jan. 2002.

K. Kusumoto and J. Ohtsubo, "Anticipating synchronization based on optical injection-locking in chaotic semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 39, pp. 1531-1536, Dec. 2003.

A. T. Ryan, G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray and E. C. Gage, "Optical-feedback induced chaos and its control in multimode semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 30, pp. 668-679, Mar. 1994.

J. M. Buldú, J. García-Ojalvo and M. C. Torrent, "Demultiplexing chaos from multimode semiconductor lasers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 41, pp. 164-170, Feb. 2005.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.