Abstract

A novel wavelength router architecture is proposed to implement large-scale multihop-based virtual optical ring (VOR) networks over a star-configured optical cable plant. A number of cyclic N x N arrayed waveguide gratings (AWGs) each having an optical loop-back for its own VOR are interconnected together for a two-level VOR network. The proposed router reduces the maximum number of hops and enables the use of wide channel spacing. The design principle is demonstrated through a proof-of-concept experiment and useful features are discussed.

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Other (23)

D. P. Reed, Residential Fiber Optic Networks-An Engineering and Economic Analysis , Norwood, MA: Artech House, 1992.

N. Kashima, Optical Transmission for the Subscriber Loop, London: U.K.: Artech House, 1993.

A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, "Architectural principles of optical regional and metropolitan access networks", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2431-2448, 1999.

C. Metz, "The latest in virtual private networks: Part I", IEEE Internet Comput., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 87-91, Jan.-Feb. 2003.

R. Cohen, "On the establishment of an access VPN in broadband access networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 156-163, 2003.

J. Zeng and N. Ansari, "Toward IP virtual private network quality of service: A service provider perspective", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 113-119, Apr. 2003.

A. M. Hill, S. Carter, J. Armitage, M. Shabeer, R. A. Harmon and P. Rose, "A scalable and switchless optical network structure, employing a single 32x 32 free-space grating multiplexer", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 569-571, 1996.

M. Scheutzow, M. Maier, M. Reisslein and A. Wolisz, "Wavelength reuse for efficient packet-switched transport in an AWG-based metro WDM network", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1435-1455, Jun. 2003.

S. Kim, "Bidirectional optical cross connects for multiwavelength ring networks using single arrayed waveguide grating router", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 188-194, Feb. 2002.

K. Kato, A. Okada, T. Sakai, K. Noguchi, T. Sakamoto, S. Suzuki, A. Takahara, S. Kamei, A. Kaneko and M. Matsuoka, "32 x 32 full-mesh (1024-path) wavelength-routing WDM network based on uniform-loss cyclic-frequency arrayed-waveguide grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 15, pp. 1294-1296, 2000.

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii and T. Nozawa, "Arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with loop-back optical paths and its applications", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 977-984, Jun. 1996.

C.-J. Chae and R. S. Tucker, "A protected optical star-shaped ring network using an Nx N arrayed waveguide grating and incoherent light sources", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 878-880, 2001.

C.-J. Chae and R. S. Tucker, "Virtual optical self-healing ring network over star-configured optical cable plant using Nx N arrayed waveguide grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 20, pp. 1241-1243, 2001.

C.-J. Chae and R. S. Tucker, "A WDM PON suitable for local private networking and dedicated local access", in Proc. ECOC2003, Rimini, Italy,Sep. 2003, pp. 974- 975.

Y. Hida and Y. Hibino, "Ultra-high density AWG's composed of super-high \Delta PLCs", in Proc. OFC2002, Mar. 2002, pp. 399-401.

S. Kamei, M. Ishii, T. Kitagawa, M. Itoh and Y. Hibino, "64-channel very low crosstalk arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer module using a cascade connection technique", in Proc. OFC2002, Mar. 2002, pp. 68-69.

M. K. Smit and C. Dam, "PHASER-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and application", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 2, pp. 236-250, Mar./Apr. 1996.

F. Davik, M. Yilmaz, S. Gjessing and N. Uzun, "IEEE 802.17 resilient packet ring tutorial", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 112-118, Mar. 2004.

W. Stallings, Local & Metropolitan Area Networks, 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2000.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks-A Practical Perspective, San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufman, 1998.

B. Mukherjee, Optical Communication Networks, Sydney: Australia: McGraw-Hill, 1997.

K. A. Falcone and O. K. Tonguz, "Growth of lightwave networks: Average propagation delay in hierarchical architectures", Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 22, pp. 1968-1969, Oct. 28, 1993.

H. Takahashi, K. Oda and H. Toba, "Impact of crosstalk in an arrayed-waveguide multiplexer on Nx N optical interconnection", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1097-1105, 1996.

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