Abstract

This paper presents a study on the effect of polarization-dependent loss (PDL) as a waveform-distorting mechanism in the presence of polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) and assesses its significance in fiber-optic communications links. A simple model is introduced that illustrates the joint effect of PDL and PMD on the transmitted waveforms within the first-order approximation in the transmitted bandwidth, and the nature of possible distortions is discussed. This paper analyzes the statistics of the PMD and PDL vectors and derives explicit formulas for their mean-square magnitudes. These formulas are used to show that, in systems with realistic parameters, the waveform-distorting effects of PDL are of very limited significance.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. M. Shtaif and A. Mecozzi, "Polarization-dependent loss and its effect on the signal-to-noise ratio in fiber-optic systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 671-673, Feb. 2004.
  2. A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "Signal to noise ratio degradation caused by polarization dependent loss and the effect of dynamic gain equalization", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1856-1871, Aug. 2004.
  3. B. Huttner, C. Geiser and N. Gisin, "Polarization-induced distortions in optical fiber networks with polarization-mode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 317-329, Mar./Apr. 2000.
  4. H. F. Haunstein and H. M. Kallert, "Influence of PMD on the performance of optical transmission systems in the presence of PDL", presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC 2001), Anaheim, CA, Paper WT-4, Mar. 18-23, 2001.
  5. A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, "The exact statistics of polarization-dependent loss in fiber-optic links", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 57-59, Jan. 2003.
  6. A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization-dependent loss in optical communication systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 313-315, Mar. 2002.
  7. J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers", in Proc. National Academy Science, vol. 97, Apr. 25 2000, pp. 4541-4550.
  8. J. P. Gordon, "Statistical properties of polarization mode dispersion", presented at the Venice Summer School PMD, Venice, Italy,Jun. 23-26, 2002.
  9. C. W. Gardiner, Handbook of Stochastic Methods, 2nd ed. Berlin: Germany: Springer Verlag, 1985,vol. 13.

Other (9)

M. Shtaif and A. Mecozzi, "Polarization-dependent loss and its effect on the signal-to-noise ratio in fiber-optic systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 671-673, Feb. 2004.

A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "Signal to noise ratio degradation caused by polarization dependent loss and the effect of dynamic gain equalization", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1856-1871, Aug. 2004.

B. Huttner, C. Geiser and N. Gisin, "Polarization-induced distortions in optical fiber networks with polarization-mode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 317-329, Mar./Apr. 2000.

H. F. Haunstein and H. M. Kallert, "Influence of PMD on the performance of optical transmission systems in the presence of PDL", presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC 2001), Anaheim, CA, Paper WT-4, Mar. 18-23, 2001.

A. Galtarossa and L. Palmieri, "The exact statistics of polarization-dependent loss in fiber-optic links", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 57-59, Jan. 2003.

A. Mecozzi and M. Shtaif, "The statistics of polarization-dependent loss in optical communication systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 313-315, Mar. 2002.

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers", in Proc. National Academy Science, vol. 97, Apr. 25 2000, pp. 4541-4550.

J. P. Gordon, "Statistical properties of polarization mode dispersion", presented at the Venice Summer School PMD, Venice, Italy,Jun. 23-26, 2002.

C. W. Gardiner, Handbook of Stochastic Methods, 2nd ed. Berlin: Germany: Springer Verlag, 1985,vol. 13.

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