Abstract

This paper reviews the work performed under the European ESPRIT project DO_ALL (Digital OpticAL Logic modules) spanning from advanced devices (semiconductor optical amplifiers) to all-optical modules (laser sources and gates) and from optical signal processing subsystems (packet clock recovery,optical write/store memory, and linear feedback shift register) to their integration in the application level for the demonstration of nontrivial logic functionality (all-optical bit-error-rate tester and a 2 x 2 exchange-bypass switch). The successful accomplishment of the project's goals has opened the road for the implementation of more complex ultra-high-speed all-optical signal processing circuits that are key elements for the realization of all-optical packet switching networks.

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Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (74)

H. Avramopoulos and N. A. Whitaker Jr., "Addressable fiber-loop memory", Opt. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 22-24, 1993.

M. Kalyvas, et al. "All-optical write/read memory for 20 Gb/s data packets", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 1050-1052, Jun. 2000.

K. L. Hall, J. P. Donnelly, S. H. Groves, C. I. Fennelly, R. J. Bailey and A. Napoleone, "40-Gbit/s all-optical circulating shift register with an inverter", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 19, pp. 1479-1481, Oct. 1997.

R. J. Manning, J. D. Phillips, A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, A. J. Poustie and K. J. Blow, "10 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative memory using single SOA-based logic gate", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 158-159, Jan. 1999.

F. J. McWilliams and N. J. A. Sloane, "Pseudo-random sequences and arrays", Proc. IEEE, vol. 64, no. 12, pp. 1715-1729, 1976.

S. W. Golomb, Digital Communications With Space Applications, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1964.

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann and M. Erman, "Semiconductor optical space switches", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 277-288, Jun. 1996.

D. Chiaroni, et al. "Physical and logical validation of a network based on all-optical packet switching systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2255-2264, Dec. 1998.

M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, A. Stavdas and H. Avramopoulos, "2 x 2 all-optical exchange-bypass switch", in Proc. IEEE LEOS Summer Topicals 2002,, pp. 13-14.

G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, A. Stavdas, H. Avramopoulos and G. Guekos, "Optically addressable 2 x 2 exchange bypass packet switch", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 998-1000, Jul. 2002.

S. Diez, R. Ludwig and H. G. Weber, "Gain-transparent SOA-switch for high-bit-rate OTDM add/drop multiplexing", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 60-62, Jan. 1999.

C. Bintjas, et al. "All-optical packet address and payload separation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 12, pp. 1728 -1730, Dec. 2002.

D. Tsiokos, et al. "10-Gb/s all-optical half adder with interferometric SOA gates", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 284-286, Jan. 2004.

G. T. Kanellos, et al. "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10-Gb/s asynchronous optical packets", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1666-1668, Nov. 2003.

E. R. Berlekamp, Algebraic Coding Theory, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968.

S. W. Golomb, Shift Register Sequences, San Francisco, CA: Holden-Day, 1967.

A. Huang, N. Whitaker, H. Avramopoulos, P. French, H. Houh and I. Chuang, "Sagnac fiber logic gates and their possible applications: a system perspective", Appl. Opt., vol. 33, no. 26, pp. 6254-6267, Sep. 1994.

V. W. S. Chan, K. L. Hall, E. Modiano and K. A. Rauschenbach, "Architectures and technologies for high-speed optical data networks", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2146-2168, Dec. 1998.

K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. , vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 1428-1435, Nov.-Dec. 2000.

H. Avramopoulos, "TDM devices and their applications", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) 2000, Baltimore, MD, WE (Tutorial Sessions), Mar. 5-10, 2000.

A. Poustie, R. J. Manning, R. P. Webb and J. A. Harrison, "All-optical signal processing circuits (Invited Paper)", in Proc. IEEE LEOS Summer Topical Meetings 2002,, pp. ME1-ME3.

S. A. Hamilton and B. S. Robinson, "OTDM packet networking devices at 100 Gbit/s and beyond", in Proc. IEEE LEOS Summer Topical Meetings 2002,, pp. 19-20.

S. A. Hamilton, B. S. Robinson, T. E. Murphy, S. J. Savage and E. P. Ippen, "100 Gb/s optical time-division multiplexed networks", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2086-2100, Dec. 2002.

D. J. Blumenthal, P. R. Prucnal and F. R. Sauer, "Photonic packet switches: Architectures and experimental implementations", Proc. IEEE, vol. 82, pp. 1650-1667, 1994.

C. Guillemot, et al. "Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 2117-2134, Dec. 1998.

D. K. Hunter and I. Andonovic, "Approaches to optical internet packet switching", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 116-122, Sep. 2000.

M. Renaud, F. Masetti, C. Guillemot and B. Bostica, "Network and system concepts for optical packet switching", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 96-102, Apr. 2001.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidou, D. K. Hunter and A. Tzanakaki, "The application of optical packet switching in future communication networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 128-135, Mar. 2001.

D. Blumenthal, "Photonic packet switching and optical label swapping", Optical Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 54-65, 2001.

T. S. El-Bawab and J.-D. Shin, "Optical packet switching in core networks: between vision and reality", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 60-65, Sep. 2002.

F. Bentivoglio and E. Iannone, "The opaque optical network", Optical Networks Mag. , pp. 24-31, Oct. 2000.

G. Hjalmtysson, J. Yates, S. Chaudhuri and A. Greenberg, "Smart routers-simple optics: an architecture for the optical internet", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1880-1891, Dec. 2000.

M. Listanti, V. Eramo and R. Sabella, "Architectural and technological issues for future optical internet networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 82-92, Sep. 2000.

B. Rajagopalan, D. Pendarakis, D. Saha, R. S. Ramamoorthy and K. Bala, "IP over optical networks: architectural aspects", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 94-102, Sep. 2000.

D. Benjamin, R. Trudel, S. Shew and E. Kus, "Optical services over the intelligent optical network", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 73-78, Sep. 2001.

J. Mørk and A. Mecozzi, "Theory of the ultrafast optical active semiconductor waveguides", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1803-1816, 1996.

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, "Active picosecond optical pulse compression in semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 93-100, Jan. 1999.

R. Gutierrez, L. Schares, L. Occhi and G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 1476 -1484, Dec. 2000.

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, D. Cotter and J. K. Lucek, "Enhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumping", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 787-788, 1994.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk SOA: measurements and simulation", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 54-60, Jan. 2002.

R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, L. Occhi, L. Schares and G. Guekos, "Recovery dynamics of cross-modulated beam phase in semiconductor amplifiers and applications to all-optical signal processing", Opt. Commun. , vol. 195, pp. 167-177, Aug. 2001.

L. Occhi, R. Scolo, L. Schares and G. Guekos, "Effective alpha factor in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers of different lengths", in Proc. LEOS 2001, vol. 1, pp. 105-106.

S. Hansmann, et al. "Static and dynamic properties of InGaAsP-InP distributed-feedback lasers-a detailed comparison between experiment and theory", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 30, no. 11, pp. 2477 -2484, Nov. 1994.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis and H. Avramopoulos, "20 GHz broadly tunable and stable, mode-locked, semiconductor optical amplifier fiber ring source", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 17, pp. 1209-1211, Sep. 1999.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical clock repetition rate multiplier for high speed digital optical logic circuits", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 717-719, Jun. 1999.

K. Vlachos, K. Zoiros, T. Houbavlis and H. Avramopoulos, "10 x 30 GHz pulse train generation from semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 25-27, Jan. 2000.

K. Zoiros, K. Vlachos, T. Stathopoulos, C. Bintjas and H. Avramopoulos, "40 GHz mode-locked SOA fiber ring laser with 20 nm tuning range", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) 2000,, pp. 254-256.

K. Zoiros, et al. "Experimental and theoretical studies of a high repetition rate fiber laser, mode-locked by external optical modulation", Opt. Comm., vol. 180, pp. 301-315, Jun. 2000.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov and J. R. Taylor, "Picosecond soliton pulse-duration-selectable source based on adiabatic compression in Raman amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 622-624, Mar. 2000.

K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vyrsokinos, N. Pleros, D. Tsiokos, C. Bintjas, G. Guekos and H. Avramopoulos, "Repetition rate upgrade for optical sources", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 861-863, Jun. 2003.

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