Abstract

This paper presents the fundamental principles and recent advances in the field of photonic filtering of microwave signals using discrete-time incoherent processing. We also provide a comprehensive review of the fundamentals,applications, and current state of the art.

© 2005 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. A. Seeds, "Microwave photonics", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 50, pp. 877-887, 2002.
  2. B. Moslehi, J. Goodman, M. Tur and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber-optic lattice signal processing", Proc. IEEE, vol. 72, pp. 909-930, 1984.
  3. K. Wilner and A. P. Van Den Heuvel, "Fiber-optic delay lines for microwave signal processing", Proc. IEEE, vol. 64, pp. 805-807, 1976.
  4. C. Chang, J. A. Cassaboom and H. F. Taylor, "Fiber optic delay line devices for RF signal rpocessing", Electron. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 678-680, 1977.
  5. H. F. Taylor, "Fiber and integrated optical devices for signal processing", SPIE, vol. 176, pp. 17-27, 1979.
  6. K. P. Jackson and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber-optic delay-line signal processors," in Optical Signal Processing, San Diego, CA: Academic, 1987, ch. 7.
  7. B. Moslehi, "Fiber-optic filters employing optical amplifiers to provide design flexibility", Electron. Lett, vol. 28, pp. 226-228, 1992.
  8. M. C. Vázquez, B. Vizoso, M. López-Amo and M. A. Muriel, "Single and double amplified recirculating delay lines as fiber-optic filters", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 1017-1019.
  9. J. Capmany and J. Cascón, "Optical programmable transversal filters using fiber amplifiers", Electron. Lett., pp. 1245-1246, 1992.
  10. V. Polo, F. Ramos, J. Marti, D. Wake and D. Moodie, "Synthesis of photonic microwave filters based on external optical modulators and wide-band chirped fiber gratings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, pp. 213-220, 2000.
  11. B. Moslehi, K. Chau and J. W. Goodman, "Optical amplifiers and liquid-crystal shutters applied to electrically reconfigurable fiber optic signal processors", Opt. Eng., vol. 32, pp. 974-981, 1993.
  12. J. Capmany and J. Cascón, "Direct form I fiber-optic discrete-time signal processors using optical amplifiers and embedded Mach-Zehnder structures", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 842-844, 1993.
  13. J. Capmany, "Investigation on phase induced intensity noise in amplified fiber-optic recirculating delay line", Electron. Lett., pp. 346-347, 1993.
  14. J. Capmany and J. Cascón, "Discrete-time fiber-optic signal processors using optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol. , pp. 106-117, 1994.
  15. M. C. Vazquez, R. Civera, M. López-Amo and M. A. Muriel, "Analysis of double-parallel amplified recirculating optical delay lines", Appl. Opt. , vol. 33, pp. 1015-1021, 1994.
  16. B. Vizoso, C. Vazquez, R. Civera, M. Lopez-Amo and M. A. Muriel, "Amplified fiber-optic recirculating delay lines", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, pp. 294-305, 1994.
  17. J. Capmany, "Amplified double recirculating delay line using a 3 x 3 coupler", J. Lightw. Technol., pp. 1136-1143, 1994.
  18. A. Ho Quoc and S. Tedjini, "Experimental investigation on the optical unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometers as microwave filters", IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett., vol. 4, pp. 183-185, 1994.
  19. D. Pastor, S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Martí and J. Cascón, "Amplified double-coupler fiber-optic delay line filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 75-77, 1995.
  20. M. C. Vázquez, M. López-Amo, M. A. Muriel and J. Capmany, "Performance parameters and applications of a modified amplified recirculating delay line",
  21. J. Capmany, J. Cascón, J. L. Marín and J. Martí, "Fiber-optic delay line filter synthesis employing a modified PADE method", Electron. Lett., pp. 479-480, 1995.
  22. J. Capmany, J. Martí, S. Sales, D. Pastor and J. Cascón, "Comment on 'new topologies of fiber-optic delay line filters by K. K. Goel", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 822-823, 1995.
  23. S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Martí and D. Pastor, "Experimental demonstration of fiber-optic delay line filters with negative coefficients", Electron. Lett., pp. 1095-1096, 1995.
  24. S. Sales, J. Capmany, D. Pastor and J. Martí, "Fiber-optic delay line filters employing fiber loops: signal and noise analysis and experimental characterization", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, JOSA A, pp. 2129-2135, 1995.
  25. J. Capmany, J. Cascón, J. L. Marín, S. Sales, D. Pastor and J. Martí, "Synthesis of fiber-optic delay line filters", J. Lightw. Technol., pp. 2003-2012, 1995.
  26. E. Heyde and R. A. Minasian, "A solution to the synthesis problem of recirculating delay line filters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 833-835, 1995.
  27. S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Martí and D. Pastor, "Novel and significant results on the nonrecirculating delay line with a fiber loop", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 1439-1440, 1995.
  28. S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Martí and D. Pastor, "Solutions to the synthesis problem of optical delay line filters", Opt. Lett., pp. 2438-2440, 1995.
  29. D. Norton, S. Johns, C. Keefer and R. Soref, "Tunable microwave filtering using high dispersion fiber time delays", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 831-832, 1994.
  30. M. Y. Frankel and R. D. Esman, "Fiber-optic tunable transversal filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 191 -193, 1995.
  31. S. Yegnanarayanan, P. D. Trinh and B. Jalali, "Recirculating photonic filter: a wavelength-selective time delay for phased-array antennas and wavelength code-division multiple access", Opt. Lett., vol. 21, pp. 740-742, 1996.
  32. F. Coppinger, et al. "Nonrecursive photonic filter using wavelength-selective true time dely", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1214-12-1214-16, 1996.
  33. F. Coppinger, et al. "Continuously tunable photonic radio-frequency notch filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol. 9, pp. 339-341, 1997.
  34. N. You and R. A. Minasian, "A novel tunable microwave optical notch filter", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 49, pp. 2002-2005, 2001.
  35. A. P. Foord, P. A. Davies and P. A. Greenhalgh, "Synthesis of microwave and millimeter-wave filters using optical spectrum-slicing", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 390-391, 1996.
  36. J. Capmany, D. Pastor and B. Ortega, "Fiber-optic microwave and millimeter wave filter with high density sampling and very high sidelobe supression using subnanometer optical spectrum slicing", Electron. Lett., pp. 494-496, 1999.
  37. D. Pastor, J. Capmany and B. Ortega, "Broad-band tunable microwave transversal notch filter based on tunable uniform fiber Bragg gratings as slicing filters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 726-728, 2001.
  38. J. Mora, B. Ortega, J. Capmany, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, D. Pastor and S. Sales, "Automatic tunable and reconfigurable fiberoptic microwave filters based on a broadband optical source sliced by uniform fiber Bragg gratings", Opt. Express, vol. 10, pp. 1291-1298, 2002.
  39. S. Yegnanarayanan, et al. "Microwave transversal filter filter based on spectral tapping of broadband light in an integrated waveguide prism", in Proc. CLEO '97, 1997, p. 259.
  40. D. Pastor, et al. "Flexible and tunable microwave filters based on arrayed waveguide gratings", in Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photon., 2002, pp. 189-192.
  41. T. Yost, P. Herczfeld, A. Rosen and S. Singh, "Hybrid transversal filter utilizing MMIC and optical fiber delay lines", IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett., vol. 5, pp. 287-289, 1995.
  42. J. Mora, B. Ortega, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, D. Pastor and S. Sales, "Automatic tunable and reconfigurable fiberoptic microwave filters based on a broadband optical source sliced by uniform fiber Bragg gratings", Opt. Express, vol. 10, pp. 1291 -1296, 2002.
  43. D. Pastor, et al. "Reconfigurable fiber-optic-based RF filters using current injection in multimode lasers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 1224-1226, 2001.
  44. G. A. Ball, W. H. Glenn and W. W. Morey, "Programmable fiber optic delay line", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 741-743, 1994.
  45. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Reflectivity tapped fiber-optic transversal filter using in-fiber Bragg gratings", Electron Lett., vol. 31, pp. 1010-1012, 1995.
  46. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable transversal filter based on chirped gratings", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, pp. 2205-2207, 1995.
  47. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Microwave optical filters using in-fiber Bragg grating arrays", IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett., vol. 6, pp. 103-105, 1996.
  48. W. Zhang and J. A. R. Williams, "Fiber optic bandpass transversal filter employing fiber grating arrays", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1010-1011, 1999.
  49. G. Yu, W. Zhang and J. A. R. Williams, "High-performance microwave transversal filter using fiber Bragg grating arrays", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1183-1185, 2000.
  50. W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams and I. Bennion, "Optical fiber delay line filter free of the limitation imposed by optical coherence", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2133-2134, 1999.
  51. W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams and I. Bennion, "Polarization synthesized optical transversal filter employing high birefringence fiber gratings", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 523-525, 2001.
  52. W. Zhang, G. Yu and J. A. R. Williams, "Tap multiplexed fiber grating-based optical tranversal filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 1708-1710, 2000.
  53. B. Moslehi, J. W. Goodman, M. Tur and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber-optic lattice signal processing", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., vol. 72, pp. 909-930, Jul. 1984.
  54. W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams and I. Bennion, "Optical fiber recirculating delay line incorporating a fiber grating array", IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 217-219, 2001.
  55. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Microwave optical filters based on a fiber Bragg grating in a loop structure", in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photon., 1996. MWP '96 Tech. Dig., 1996, pp. 273- 276.
  56. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals using active-fiber Bragg-grating-pair structure", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 8, pp. 1463-1466, 1997.
  57. N. You and R. A. Minasian, "A novel high-Q optical microwave processor using hybrid delay line filters", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, pp. 1304-1308, 1999.
  58. N. You and R. A. Minasian, "High-Q optical microwave filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2125-2126, 1999.
  59. R. A. Minasian, K. E. Alameh and E. H. W. Chan, "Photonics-based interference mitigation filters", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 49, pp. 1894-1899, 2001.
  60. E. H. W. Chan, K. E. Alameh and R. A. Minasian, "Photonic bandpass filter with high skirt selectivity and stopband attenuation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 1962-1967, 2002.
  61. W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, L. A. Everall and I. Bennion, "Fiber-optic radio frequency notch filter with linear and continous tuning by using a chirped fiber grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1770-1772, 1998.
  62. D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable microwave fiber-optic bandpass filters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol. 11, pp. 874-876, 1999.
  63. D. Pastor and J. Capmany, "Fiber optic tunable transversal filter using laser array and linearly chirped fiber grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1684-1685, 1998.
  64. J. Capmany, D. Pastor and B. Ortega, "Experimental demonstration of tunability and transfer function reconfiguration in fiber-optic microwave filters composed of a linearly chirped fiber grating fed by a laser array", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 2262-2264, 1998.
  65. J. Capmany, D. Pastor and B. Ortega, "New and flexible fiber-optic delay line filters using chirped Bragg gratings and laser arrays", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, pp. 1321-1327, 1999.
  66. J. Capmany, D. Pastor and B. Ortega, "Efficient sidelobe supression by source power apodization on fiber-optic microwave filters composed of linearly chirped fiber grating fed by laser array", Electron. Lett., pp. 640-642, 1999.
  67. D. Pastor, J. Capmany and B. Ortega, "New fiber-optic microwave filter with complete tunability and reconfiguration properties using a linearly chirped fiber grating fed by a laser array", in Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC99), San Diego, CA, USA, 1999.
  68. D. Pastor, J. Capmany and B. Ortega, "Experimental demonstration of parallel fiber-optic-based RF filtering using WDM techniques", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 77-79, 2000.
  69. N. You and R. A. Minasian, "Synthesis of WDM grating-based optical microwave filter with arbitrary impulse response", in Int. Top. Meeting on Microwave Photon. MWP '99, vol. 1, 1999, pp. 223-226.
  70. J. Mora, B. Ortega, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, J. L. Cruz, D. Pastor and S. Sales, "Dynamic optical transversal filters based on a tunable dispersion filter based on a tunable dispersion fiber Bragg grating", in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photon. MWP 2001, 2001, pp. 203-206.
  71. J. Mora, B. Ortega, M. V. Andres, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, J. L. Cruz and S. Sales, "Tunable chirped fiber Bragg grating device controlled by variable magnetic fields", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 118-119, 2002.
  72. R. A. Minasian, K. E. Alameh and E. H. W. Chan, "Photonics-based interference mitigation filters", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 49, pp. 1894-1899, 2001.
  73. P. Hall, "The square kilometer array radio telescope", in Proc. Applicat. Radio Sci. Workshop, Apr. 2000, pp. 41 -46.
  74. D. Pastor, et al. "Tunable microwave photonic filter for noise and interference suppression in UMTS base stations", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, 2004.
  75. TSG-RAN Working Group 4, "Evaluation of up-and downlink adjacent channel performance", 1999.
  76. K. I. Kitayama, "Architectural considerations of fiber-radio millimeter-wave wireless access systems", J. Fib. Integrated. Opt., vol. 19, pp. 167-186, 2000.
  77. T. Sugiyama, M. Suzuki and S. Kubota, "An integrated interference supression scheme with adaptative equalizer for digital satellite communication systems", IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E79-B, pp. 191-196, 1996.
  78. M. I. Skolnik, Introduction to Radar Systems, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980.
  79. P. Paparao, A. Ghosh and S. D. Allen, "Design and performance optimization of fiber optic adaptive filters", Appl. Opt., vol. 30, pp. 1826 -1838, 1991.
  80. A. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schaffer and J. R. Buck, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996.
  81. W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams and I. Bennion, "Optical fiber delay line filter free of limitation imposed by optical coherence", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2133-2134, 1999.
  82. A. Ho-Quoc, S. Tedjini and A. Hilt, "Optical polarization effect in discrete time fiber-optic structures for microwave signal processing", in IEEE MTT-Symp. Dig. , 1996, pp. 907-910.
  83. B. H. Kolner and D. W. Dolfi, "Intermodulation distortion and compression in an integrated electrooptic modulator", Appl. Opt., vol. 26, pp. 3676-3679, 1987.
  84. R. D. Esman, "Microwave functions enabled by photonics", in Proc. 3rd Int. Summer School OMW, Autrans, France, 2000, pp. 89-100.
  85. K. Williams, R. D. Esman and M. Dagenais, "Nonlinearities in p-i-n microwave photodetectors", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 14, pp. 84-96, 1996.
  86. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1995.
  87. F. Coppinger, S. Yegnanarayanan, P. D. Trinh and B. Jalali, "All-optical incoherent negative taps for photonic signal processing", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 973-975, 1995.
  88. M. Tur and B. Moslehi, "Laser phase noise effects in fiber-optic signal processors with recirculating loops", Opt. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 229-231, 1983.
  89. M. Tue, B. Moslehi and J. W. Goodman, "Theory of laser phase noise in recirculating fiber optic delay lines", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 3, pp. 20-30, 1985.
  90. M. Tur and A. Arie, "Phase induced intensity noise in concatenated fiber-optic delay lines", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, pp. 120-130, 1988.
  91. B. Moslehi, "Analysis of optical phase noise in fiber-optic systems employing a laser source with arbitrary coherence time", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 4, pp. 1334-1351, 1986.
  92. J. T. Kringlebotn and K. Blotekjaer, "Noise analysis of an amplified fiber-optic recirculating delay line", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, pp. 573-581, 1994.
  93. J. W. Goodman and L. M. Woody, "Method for performing complex-valued linear operations on complex-valued data using incoherent light", Appl. Opt. , vol. 16, pp. 2611-2612, 1977.
  94. B. E. Swelka and R. I. MacDonald, "Optoelectronic transversal filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1769-1770, 1991.
  95. J. Mora, B. Ortega, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, J. L. Cruz, D. Pastor and S. Sales, "Tunable all-optical negative multi-tap microwave filters based on uniform fiber Bragg gratings", Opt. Lett, pp. 1308-1310, 2003.
  96. J. Capmany, D. Pastor, A. Martinez, B. Ortega and S. Sales, "Microwave photonic filters with negative coefficients based on phase inversion in an electro-optic modulator", Opt. Lett, pp. 1415-1417, 2003.
  97. D. Pastor, et al. "Reconfigurable RF-photonic filter with negative coefficients and flat top resonances using phase inversion in a newly designed 2 x 1 integrated Mach-Zehnder modulator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, 2004.
  98. D. B. Hunter, "Incoherent bipolar tap microwave photonic filter based on a banalced bridge electro-optic modulator", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, pp. 856-857, 2004.
  99. M. Popov, "Commercial perspectives of RF optical filtering", in IST NEFERTITI Workshop on Optical Signal Processing, Valencia, Spain,May 18 2003.
  100. X. Yi, et al. "Continuously tunable microwave-photonic filter design using high-birefringence linear chirped grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 754-756, 2003.
  101. J. X. Chen, et al. "A novel digitally tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using differential group-delay module", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 284-286, 2003.
  102. V. Polo, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral and J. Marti, "Novel tunable photonic microwave filter based on laser arrays and N/spl times/N AWG-based delay lines", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 584-586, 2003.
  103. B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral and J. Marti, "Efficient architecture for WDM photonic microwave filters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 257 -259, 2004.
  104. B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral and J. Marti, "Photonic microwave filter with tunning and reconfiguration capabilities using optical switches and dispersive media", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 547-548, 2003.
  105. S. Mansoori, A. Mitchell and K. Ghorbani, "Photonic reconfigurable microwave filter with negative coefficients", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, pp. 541-542, 2004.
  106. K. Sasayama, M. Okuno and K. Habara, "Coherent optical transversal filter using silica-based singlemode waveguides", Electron. Lett., vol. 25, pp. 1508-1509, 1989.
  107. K. Sasayama, M. Okuno and K. Habara, "Coherent optical transversal filter using silica-based waveguides for high speed signal processing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1225-1230, 1991.
  108. K. Sasayama, M. Okuno and K. Habara, "Photonic FDM multichannel selector using coherent optical transversal filter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, pp. 664-669, 1994.
  109. K. Jackson, S. Newton, B. Moslehi, M. Tur, C. Cutler, J. Goodman and H. J. Shaw, "Optical fiber delay-line signal processing", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 33, pp. 193-204, 1985.
  110. D. E. N. Davies and G. W. James, "Fiber and integrated optical devices for signal processing", Electron. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 95-96, 1984.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (104)

M. Tue, B. Moslehi and J. W. Goodman, "Theory of laser phase noise in recirculating fiber optic delay lines", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 3, pp. 20-30, 1985.

M. Tur and A. Arie, "Phase induced intensity noise in concatenated fiber-optic delay lines", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 6, pp. 120-130, 1988.

B. Moslehi, "Analysis of optical phase noise in fiber-optic systems employing a laser source with arbitrary coherence time", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 4, pp. 1334-1351, 1986.

J. T. Kringlebotn and K. Blotekjaer, "Noise analysis of an amplified fiber-optic recirculating delay line", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, pp. 573-581, 1994.

J. W. Goodman and L. M. Woody, "Method for performing complex-valued linear operations on complex-valued data using incoherent light", Appl. Opt. , vol. 16, pp. 2611-2612, 1977.

B. E. Swelka and R. I. MacDonald, "Optoelectronic transversal filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1769-1770, 1991.

J. Mora, B. Ortega, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, J. L. Cruz, D. Pastor and S. Sales, "Tunable all-optical negative multi-tap microwave filters based on uniform fiber Bragg gratings", Opt. Lett, pp. 1308-1310, 2003.

J. Capmany, D. Pastor, A. Martinez, B. Ortega and S. Sales, "Microwave photonic filters with negative coefficients based on phase inversion in an electro-optic modulator", Opt. Lett, pp. 1415-1417, 2003.

D. Pastor, et al. "Reconfigurable RF-photonic filter with negative coefficients and flat top resonances using phase inversion in a newly designed 2 x 1 integrated Mach-Zehnder modulator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, 2004.

D. B. Hunter, "Incoherent bipolar tap microwave photonic filter based on a banalced bridge electro-optic modulator", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, pp. 856-857, 2004.

M. Popov, "Commercial perspectives of RF optical filtering", in IST NEFERTITI Workshop on Optical Signal Processing, Valencia, Spain,May 18 2003.

X. Yi, et al. "Continuously tunable microwave-photonic filter design using high-birefringence linear chirped grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 754-756, 2003.

J. X. Chen, et al. "A novel digitally tunable microwave-photonic notch filter using differential group-delay module", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 284-286, 2003.

V. Polo, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral and J. Marti, "Novel tunable photonic microwave filter based on laser arrays and N/spl times/N AWG-based delay lines", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 584-586, 2003.

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral and J. Marti, "Efficient architecture for WDM photonic microwave filters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 257 -259, 2004.

B. Vidal, V. Polo, J. L. Corral and J. Marti, "Photonic microwave filter with tunning and reconfiguration capabilities using optical switches and dispersive media", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 547-548, 2003.

S. Mansoori, A. Mitchell and K. Ghorbani, "Photonic reconfigurable microwave filter with negative coefficients", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, pp. 541-542, 2004.

K. Sasayama, M. Okuno and K. Habara, "Coherent optical transversal filter using silica-based singlemode waveguides", Electron. Lett., vol. 25, pp. 1508-1509, 1989.

K. Sasayama, M. Okuno and K. Habara, "Coherent optical transversal filter using silica-based waveguides for high speed signal processing", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1225-1230, 1991.

K. Sasayama, M. Okuno and K. Habara, "Photonic FDM multichannel selector using coherent optical transversal filter", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, pp. 664-669, 1994.

K. Jackson, S. Newton, B. Moslehi, M. Tur, C. Cutler, J. Goodman and H. J. Shaw, "Optical fiber delay-line signal processing", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 33, pp. 193-204, 1985.

D. E. N. Davies and G. W. James, "Fiber and integrated optical devices for signal processing", Electron. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 95-96, 1984.

F. Coppinger, et al. "Nonrecursive photonic filter using wavelength-selective true time dely", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1214-12-1214-16, 1996.

F. Coppinger, et al. "Continuously tunable photonic radio-frequency notch filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol. 9, pp. 339-341, 1997.

N. You and R. A. Minasian, "A novel tunable microwave optical notch filter", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 49, pp. 2002-2005, 2001.

A. P. Foord, P. A. Davies and P. A. Greenhalgh, "Synthesis of microwave and millimeter-wave filters using optical spectrum-slicing", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 390-391, 1996.

J. Capmany, D. Pastor and B. Ortega, "Fiber-optic microwave and millimeter wave filter with high density sampling and very high sidelobe supression using subnanometer optical spectrum slicing", Electron. Lett., pp. 494-496, 1999.

D. Pastor, J. Capmany and B. Ortega, "Broad-band tunable microwave transversal notch filter based on tunable uniform fiber Bragg gratings as slicing filters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 726-728, 2001.

S. Yegnanarayanan, et al. "Microwave transversal filter filter based on spectral tapping of broadband light in an integrated waveguide prism", in Proc. CLEO '97, 1997, p. 259.

D. Pastor, et al. "Flexible and tunable microwave filters based on arrayed waveguide gratings", in Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photon., 2002, pp. 189-192.

T. Yost, P. Herczfeld, A. Rosen and S. Singh, "Hybrid transversal filter utilizing MMIC and optical fiber delay lines", IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett., vol. 5, pp. 287-289, 1995.

R. D. Esman, "Microwave functions enabled by photonics", in Proc. 3rd Int. Summer School OMW, Autrans, France, 2000, pp. 89-100.

K. Williams, R. D. Esman and M. Dagenais, "Nonlinearities in p-i-n microwave photodetectors", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 14, pp. 84-96, 1996.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1995.

F. Coppinger, S. Yegnanarayanan, P. D. Trinh and B. Jalali, "All-optical incoherent negative taps for photonic signal processing", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 973-975, 1995.

A. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schaffer and J. R. Buck, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996.

W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams and I. Bennion, "Optical fiber delay line filter free of limitation imposed by optical coherence", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2133-2134, 1999.

A. Ho-Quoc, S. Tedjini and A. Hilt, "Optical polarization effect in discrete time fiber-optic structures for microwave signal processing", in IEEE MTT-Symp. Dig. , 1996, pp. 907-910.

A. Seeds, "Microwave photonics", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 50, pp. 877-887, 2002.

B. Moslehi, J. Goodman, M. Tur and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber-optic lattice signal processing", Proc. IEEE, vol. 72, pp. 909-930, 1984.

K. Wilner and A. P. Van Den Heuvel, "Fiber-optic delay lines for microwave signal processing", Proc. IEEE, vol. 64, pp. 805-807, 1976.

C. Chang, J. A. Cassaboom and H. F. Taylor, "Fiber optic delay line devices for RF signal rpocessing", Electron. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 678-680, 1977.

H. F. Taylor, "Fiber and integrated optical devices for signal processing", SPIE, vol. 176, pp. 17-27, 1979.

K. P. Jackson and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber-optic delay-line signal processors," in Optical Signal Processing, San Diego, CA: Academic, 1987, ch. 7.

B. Moslehi, "Fiber-optic filters employing optical amplifiers to provide design flexibility", Electron. Lett, vol. 28, pp. 226-228, 1992.

M. C. Vázquez, B. Vizoso, M. López-Amo and M. A. Muriel, "Single and double amplified recirculating delay lines as fiber-optic filters", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 1017-1019.

J. Capmany and J. Cascón, "Optical programmable transversal filters using fiber amplifiers", Electron. Lett., pp. 1245-1246, 1992.

V. Polo, F. Ramos, J. Marti, D. Wake and D. Moodie, "Synthesis of photonic microwave filters based on external optical modulators and wide-band chirped fiber gratings", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, pp. 213-220, 2000.

B. Moslehi, K. Chau and J. W. Goodman, "Optical amplifiers and liquid-crystal shutters applied to electrically reconfigurable fiber optic signal processors", Opt. Eng., vol. 32, pp. 974-981, 1993.

J. Capmany and J. Cascón, "Direct form I fiber-optic discrete-time signal processors using optical amplifiers and embedded Mach-Zehnder structures", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 842-844, 1993.

J. Capmany, "Investigation on phase induced intensity noise in amplified fiber-optic recirculating delay line", Electron. Lett., pp. 346-347, 1993.

J. Capmany and J. Cascón, "Discrete-time fiber-optic signal processors using optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol. , pp. 106-117, 1994.

M. C. Vazquez, R. Civera, M. López-Amo and M. A. Muriel, "Analysis of double-parallel amplified recirculating optical delay lines", Appl. Opt. , vol. 33, pp. 1015-1021, 1994.

B. Vizoso, C. Vazquez, R. Civera, M. Lopez-Amo and M. A. Muriel, "Amplified fiber-optic recirculating delay lines", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, pp. 294-305, 1994.

J. Capmany, "Amplified double recirculating delay line using a 3 x 3 coupler", J. Lightw. Technol., pp. 1136-1143, 1994.

A. Ho Quoc and S. Tedjini, "Experimental investigation on the optical unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometers as microwave filters", IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett., vol. 4, pp. 183-185, 1994.

D. Pastor, S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Martí and J. Cascón, "Amplified double-coupler fiber-optic delay line filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 75-77, 1995.

M. C. Vázquez, M. López-Amo, M. A. Muriel and J. Capmany, "Performance parameters and applications of a modified amplified recirculating delay line",

J. Capmany, J. Cascón, J. L. Marín and J. Martí, "Fiber-optic delay line filter synthesis employing a modified PADE method", Electron. Lett., pp. 479-480, 1995.

J. Capmany, J. Martí, S. Sales, D. Pastor and J. Cascón, "Comment on 'new topologies of fiber-optic delay line filters by K. K. Goel", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 822-823, 1995.

S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Martí and D. Pastor, "Experimental demonstration of fiber-optic delay line filters with negative coefficients", Electron. Lett., pp. 1095-1096, 1995.

S. Sales, J. Capmany, D. Pastor and J. Martí, "Fiber-optic delay line filters employing fiber loops: signal and noise analysis and experimental characterization", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, JOSA A, pp. 2129-2135, 1995.

J. Capmany, J. Cascón, J. L. Marín, S. Sales, D. Pastor and J. Martí, "Synthesis of fiber-optic delay line filters", J. Lightw. Technol., pp. 2003-2012, 1995.

E. Heyde and R. A. Minasian, "A solution to the synthesis problem of recirculating delay line filters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 833-835, 1995.

S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Martí and D. Pastor, "Novel and significant results on the nonrecirculating delay line with a fiber loop", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 1439-1440, 1995.

S. Sales, J. Capmany, J. Martí and D. Pastor, "Solutions to the synthesis problem of optical delay line filters", Opt. Lett., pp. 2438-2440, 1995.

D. Norton, S. Johns, C. Keefer and R. Soref, "Tunable microwave filtering using high dispersion fiber time delays", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 831-832, 1994.

M. Y. Frankel and R. D. Esman, "Fiber-optic tunable transversal filter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 191 -193, 1995.

D. Pastor, et al. "Reconfigurable fiber-optic-based RF filters using current injection in multimode lasers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 1224-1226, 2001.

G. A. Ball, W. H. Glenn and W. W. Morey, "Programmable fiber optic delay line", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 741-743, 1994.

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Reflectivity tapped fiber-optic transversal filter using in-fiber Bragg gratings", Electron Lett., vol. 31, pp. 1010-1012, 1995.

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable transversal filter based on chirped gratings", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, pp. 2205-2207, 1995.

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Microwave optical filters using in-fiber Bragg grating arrays", IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett., vol. 6, pp. 103-105, 1996.

W. Zhang and J. A. R. Williams, "Fiber optic bandpass transversal filter employing fiber grating arrays", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1010-1011, 1999.

G. Yu, W. Zhang and J. A. R. Williams, "High-performance microwave transversal filter using fiber Bragg grating arrays", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1183-1185, 2000.

W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams and I. Bennion, "Optical fiber delay line filter free of the limitation imposed by optical coherence", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2133-2134, 1999.

W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams and I. Bennion, "Polarization synthesized optical transversal filter employing high birefringence fiber gratings", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 523-525, 2001.

W. Zhang, G. Yu and J. A. R. Williams, "Tap multiplexed fiber grating-based optical tranversal filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 1708-1710, 2000.

B. Moslehi, J. W. Goodman, M. Tur and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber-optic lattice signal processing", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., vol. 72, pp. 909-930, Jul. 1984.

W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams and I. Bennion, "Optical fiber recirculating delay line incorporating a fiber grating array", IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 217-219, 2001.

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Microwave optical filters based on a fiber Bragg grating in a loop structure", in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photon., 1996. MWP '96 Tech. Dig., 1996, pp. 273- 276.

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals using active-fiber Bragg-grating-pair structure", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 8, pp. 1463-1466, 1997.

N. You and R. A. Minasian, "A novel high-Q optical microwave processor using hybrid delay line filters", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, pp. 1304-1308, 1999.

N. You and R. A. Minasian, "High-Q optical microwave filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2125-2126, 1999.

R. A. Minasian, K. E. Alameh and E. H. W. Chan, "Photonics-based interference mitigation filters", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 49, pp. 1894-1899, 2001.

E. H. W. Chan, K. E. Alameh and R. A. Minasian, "Photonic bandpass filter with high skirt selectivity and stopband attenuation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 1962-1967, 2002.

W. Zhang, J. A. R. Williams, L. A. Everall and I. Bennion, "Fiber-optic radio frequency notch filter with linear and continous tuning by using a chirped fiber grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1770-1772, 1998.

D. B. Hunter and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable microwave fiber-optic bandpass filters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol. 11, pp. 874-876, 1999.

D. Pastor and J. Capmany, "Fiber optic tunable transversal filter using laser array and linearly chirped fiber grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1684-1685, 1998.

J. Capmany, D. Pastor and B. Ortega, "Experimental demonstration of tunability and transfer function reconfiguration in fiber-optic microwave filters composed of a linearly chirped fiber grating fed by a laser array", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 2262-2264, 1998.

J. Capmany, D. Pastor and B. Ortega, "New and flexible fiber-optic delay line filters using chirped Bragg gratings and laser arrays", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, pp. 1321-1327, 1999.

J. Capmany, D. Pastor and B. Ortega, "Efficient sidelobe supression by source power apodization on fiber-optic microwave filters composed of linearly chirped fiber grating fed by laser array", Electron. Lett., pp. 640-642, 1999.

D. Pastor, J. Capmany and B. Ortega, "New fiber-optic microwave filter with complete tunability and reconfiguration properties using a linearly chirped fiber grating fed by a laser array", in Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC99), San Diego, CA, USA, 1999.

D. Pastor, J. Capmany and B. Ortega, "Experimental demonstration of parallel fiber-optic-based RF filtering using WDM techniques", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 77-79, 2000.

N. You and R. A. Minasian, "Synthesis of WDM grating-based optical microwave filter with arbitrary impulse response", in Int. Top. Meeting on Microwave Photon. MWP '99, vol. 1, 1999, pp. 223-226.

J. Mora, B. Ortega, M. V. Andrés, J. Capmany, J. L. Cruz, D. Pastor and S. Sales, "Dynamic optical transversal filters based on a tunable dispersion filter based on a tunable dispersion fiber Bragg grating", in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photon. MWP 2001, 2001, pp. 203-206.

J. Mora, B. Ortega, M. V. Andres, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, J. L. Cruz and S. Sales, "Tunable chirped fiber Bragg grating device controlled by variable magnetic fields", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 118-119, 2002.

R. A. Minasian, K. E. Alameh and E. H. W. Chan, "Photonics-based interference mitigation filters", IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 49, pp. 1894-1899, 2001.

P. Hall, "The square kilometer array radio telescope", in Proc. Applicat. Radio Sci. Workshop, Apr. 2000, pp. 41 -46.

D. Pastor, et al. "Tunable microwave photonic filter for noise and interference suppression in UMTS base stations", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, 2004.

TSG-RAN Working Group 4, "Evaluation of up-and downlink adjacent channel performance", 1999.

K. I. Kitayama, "Architectural considerations of fiber-radio millimeter-wave wireless access systems", J. Fib. Integrated. Opt., vol. 19, pp. 167-186, 2000.

T. Sugiyama, M. Suzuki and S. Kubota, "An integrated interference supression scheme with adaptative equalizer for digital satellite communication systems", IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E79-B, pp. 191-196, 1996.

M. I. Skolnik, Introduction to Radar Systems, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.