Abstract

This paper presents the first application of the virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) in a Fourier transform pulse shaper for programmable manipulation of optical pulse bursts using a spatial light modulator (SLM). Due to the periodicity of the VIPA spectral dispersion function, a periodic spectral phase function is automatically generated from a single-period spatial phase function. Experimental results and theoretical simulations were compared with quadratic, cubic, and m-sequence mask patterns. The data demonstrate programmable manipulations of the pulse envelopes, in good agreement with the theory.

© 2005 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing", Prog. Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 161-238, 1995.
  2. A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators", Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 1929-1960, May 2000.
  3. T. Kurokawa, H. Takenouchi and H. Tsuda, "Terabit optical signal processing based on time-space-conversion", in Proc. Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) 12th Annu. Meeting, IEEE, vol. 1, San Francisco, CA, 1999, pp. 188-189.
  4. H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi and T. Kurokawa, "Second-and third-order dispersion compensator using a high-resolution arrayed-waveguide grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 569-571, May 1999.
  5. M. Shirasaki, "Large angular dispersion by a virtually imaged phased array and its application to a wavelength demultiplexer", Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 366-368, Mar. 1996.
  6. S. Xiao, A. M. Weiner and C. Lin, "A dispersion law for virtually imaged phased-array spectral dispersers based on paraxial wave theory", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 420-426, Apr. 2004.
  7. M. Shirasaki, "Chromatic-dispersion compensator using virtually imaged phased array", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1598-1600, Dec. 1997.
  8. M. Shirasaki, "Optical apparatus which uses a virtually imaged phased array to produce chromatic dispersion", U.S. Patent 20 030 021 046, Jan. 30, 2003.
  9. H. Ooi, K. Nakamura, Y. Akiyama, T. Takahara, T. Terahara, Y. Kawahata, H. Isono and G. Ishikawa, "40-Gbps WDM transmission with virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) variable dispersion compensators", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2196-2203, Dec. 2002.
  10. S. Xiao, J. D. Mckinney and A. M. Weiner, "Photonic microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) direct space-to-time pulse shaper", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1936-1938, Aug. 2004.
  11. S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price and T. Turpin, "Optical-CDMA incorporating phase coding of coherent frequency bins: Concept, simulation, experiment", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Paper FG5, 2004.
  12. M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, "Space-time profiles of shaped ultrafast optical waveforms", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 161-172, Jan. 1996.
  13. A. M. Weiner and D. E. Leaird, "Generation of terahertz-rate trains of femtosecond pulses by phase-only filtering", Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 51-53, Jan. 1990.
  14. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995, pp. 724-726.

Other (14)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing", Prog. Quantum Electron., vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 161-238, 1995.

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators", Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 1929-1960, May 2000.

T. Kurokawa, H. Takenouchi and H. Tsuda, "Terabit optical signal processing based on time-space-conversion", in Proc. Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) 12th Annu. Meeting, IEEE, vol. 1, San Francisco, CA, 1999, pp. 188-189.

H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, T. Ishii, K. Naganuma, Y. Inoue, H. Takenouchi and T. Kurokawa, "Second-and third-order dispersion compensator using a high-resolution arrayed-waveguide grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 569-571, May 1999.

M. Shirasaki, "Large angular dispersion by a virtually imaged phased array and its application to a wavelength demultiplexer", Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 366-368, Mar. 1996.

S. Xiao, A. M. Weiner and C. Lin, "A dispersion law for virtually imaged phased-array spectral dispersers based on paraxial wave theory", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 420-426, Apr. 2004.

M. Shirasaki, "Chromatic-dispersion compensator using virtually imaged phased array", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1598-1600, Dec. 1997.

M. Shirasaki, "Optical apparatus which uses a virtually imaged phased array to produce chromatic dispersion", U.S. Patent 20 030 021 046, Jan. 30, 2003.

H. Ooi, K. Nakamura, Y. Akiyama, T. Takahara, T. Terahara, Y. Kawahata, H. Isono and G. Ishikawa, "40-Gbps WDM transmission with virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) variable dispersion compensators", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 2196-2203, Dec. 2002.

S. Xiao, J. D. Mckinney and A. M. Weiner, "Photonic microwave arbitrary waveform generation using a virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) direct space-to-time pulse shaper", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1936-1938, Aug. 2004.

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price and T. Turpin, "Optical-CDMA incorporating phase coding of coherent frequency bins: Concept, simulation, experiment", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, Paper FG5, 2004.

M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, "Space-time profiles of shaped ultrafast optical waveforms", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 161-172, Jan. 1996.

A. M. Weiner and D. E. Leaird, "Generation of terahertz-rate trains of femtosecond pulses by phase-only filtering", Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 51-53, Jan. 1990.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995, pp. 724-726.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.