Abstract

Delay bandwidth products (DBPs) and physical pulselengths obtainable in media exhibiting electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) are analyzed. The study is performed in stationary media as well as for dynamic storing of light pulses in such media. In the latter case, the dispersion inherent in storage and readout of the pulses is analyzed. It is shown that absorption and the group velocity dispersion (GVD) are limiting factors. Analytical expressions for the minimum compressed pulselength and DBP are derived, and these expressions show good agreement with simulations of pulse propagation in EIT media.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. S. E. Harris, J. E. Field and A. Imamoglu, "Nonlinear optical processes using electromagnetically induced transparency", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 64, no. 10, pp. 1107-1110, 1990.
  2. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas", Nature, vol. 397, no. 6720, pp. 594-598, 1999.
  3. J. Kim, S. L. Chuang, P. C. Ku and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow light using semiconductor quantum dots", J. Phys. Condens. Matter, vol. 16, no. 35, pp. S3727-S3735, 2004.
  4. W. W. Chow, H. C. Schneider and M. C. Phillips, "Theory of quantum-coherence phenomena in semiconductor quantum dots", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 68, no. 5, p. 53802, 2003.
  5. M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics, Cambridge: U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997.
  6. M. Fleischhauer, S. F. Yelin and M. D. Lukin, "How to trap photons? Storing single-photon quantum states in collective atomic excitations", Opt. Commun., vol. 179, pp. 395-410, 2000.
  7. M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, "Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, no. 22, pp. 5094-5097, 2000.
  8. M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, "Stopping and storing light coherently", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 71, no. 1, p. 13803, 2005.
  9. M. Fleischhauer and A. S. Manka, "Propagation of laser pulses and coherent population transfer in dissipative three-level systems: An adiabatic dressed-state picture", Phys. Rev. A., vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 794-803, 1994.
  10. P. Arve, P. Jänes and L. Thylén, "Propagation of two-dimensional pulses in electromagnetically induced transparency media", Phys. Rev. A., vol. 69, no. 6, p. 63809, 2004.
  11. A. B. Matsko, Y. V. Rostovtsev, O. Kocharovskaya, A. S. Zibrov and M. O. Scully, "Nonadiabatic approach to quantum optical information storage", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 64, no. 4, p. 43809, 2001.
  12. P. Borri, W. Langbein, S. Schneider, U. Woggon, R. L. Sellin, D. Ouyang and D. Bimberg, "Ultralong dephasing time in InGaAs quantum dots", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 87, no. 15, p. 157401, 2001.

Other (12)

S. E. Harris, J. E. Field and A. Imamoglu, "Nonlinear optical processes using electromagnetically induced transparency", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 64, no. 10, pp. 1107-1110, 1990.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas", Nature, vol. 397, no. 6720, pp. 594-598, 1999.

J. Kim, S. L. Chuang, P. C. Ku and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, "Slow light using semiconductor quantum dots", J. Phys. Condens. Matter, vol. 16, no. 35, pp. S3727-S3735, 2004.

W. W. Chow, H. C. Schneider and M. C. Phillips, "Theory of quantum-coherence phenomena in semiconductor quantum dots", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 68, no. 5, p. 53802, 2003.

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics, Cambridge: U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997.

M. Fleischhauer, S. F. Yelin and M. D. Lukin, "How to trap photons? Storing single-photon quantum states in collective atomic excitations", Opt. Commun., vol. 179, pp. 395-410, 2000.

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, "Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, no. 22, pp. 5094-5097, 2000.

M. F. Yanik and S. Fan, "Stopping and storing light coherently", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 71, no. 1, p. 13803, 2005.

M. Fleischhauer and A. S. Manka, "Propagation of laser pulses and coherent population transfer in dissipative three-level systems: An adiabatic dressed-state picture", Phys. Rev. A., vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 794-803, 1994.

P. Arve, P. Jänes and L. Thylén, "Propagation of two-dimensional pulses in electromagnetically induced transparency media", Phys. Rev. A., vol. 69, no. 6, p. 63809, 2004.

A. B. Matsko, Y. V. Rostovtsev, O. Kocharovskaya, A. S. Zibrov and M. O. Scully, "Nonadiabatic approach to quantum optical information storage", Phys. Rev. A, vol. 64, no. 4, p. 43809, 2001.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, S. Schneider, U. Woggon, R. L. Sellin, D. Ouyang and D. Bimberg, "Ultralong dephasing time in InGaAs quantum dots", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 87, no. 15, p. 157401, 2001.

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