Abstract

Highly nonlinear normally dispersive bismuth-oxide fiber shows promise for applications such as supercontinuum generation and femtosecond pulse compression in the telecommunications-wavelength range. To generate a wideband and flat supercontinuum spectrum, the balance between fiber nonlinearity and normal group velocity dispersion (GVD) is important. Highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber exhibits a large nonlinearity due to the small effective area and nonlinear index of the host glass material. The fiber also has a relatively flat dispersion profile over a large wavelength range. Utilizing these features, we generate a smooth unstructured supercontinuum between 1200 and 1800 nm. This supercontinuum is passed through a grating pair, and pulses, originally of 150-fs length, are compressed to 25 fs.

© 2005 IEEE

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Other (26)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Blanch-Ortigosa, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 807-809, Jul. 2000.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, V. Finazzi, R.C. Moore, K. Frampton, F. Koizumi, D. J. Richardson and T. M. Monro, "Bismuth glass holey fibers with high nonlinearity", Opt. Express, vol. 12, no. 21, pp. 5082-5087, Oct. 2004.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler and A. J. Stentz, "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 796-798, Jun. 2000.

R. E. Slusher, G. Lenz, J. Hodelin, J. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw and I. D. Aggarwal, "Large Raman gain and nonlinear phase shifts in high-purity As2 Se3 chalcogenide fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1146-1155, Jun. 2004.

K. Kikuchi, K. Taira and N. Sugimoto, "Highly nonlinear bismuth oxide-based glass fibres for all-optical signal processing", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 156-157, Feb. 2002.

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-based optical fiber with nonlinear coefficient of 1360 W-1 km-1", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Postdeadline, Los Angeles, CA, PDP26, 2004.

J. T. Gopinath, H. M. Shen, H. Sotobayashi and E. P. Ippen, "Smooth supercontinuum generation with highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber", presented at the Lasers and Electro-Optic Society (LEOS) Annu. Meeting, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico,WD2, Oct. 2004.

G. Lenz, J. Zimmerman, T. Katsufuji, M. E. Lines, H. Y. Hwang, S. Spälter, R. E. Slusher, S. W. Cheong, J. S. Sanghera and I. D. Aggarwal, "Large kerr effect in bulk Se-based chalcogenide glasses", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 254-257, Feb. 2000.

J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, F. W. Wise and B. G. Aitken, "Highly nonlinear Ge-As-Se and Ge-As-S-Se glasses for all-optical switching", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 822-824, Jun. 2002.

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan and C. G. Jorgenson, "Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared", Opt. Lett., vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 250-252, Feb. 2004.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, F. X. Kaertner, C. Pitris, S. A. Boppart, X. D. Li, E. P. Ippen and J. G. Fujimoto, "In vivo ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 17, pp. 1221-1223, Sep. 1999.

J. Shah, "Ultrafast spectroscopy of semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures," in Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences, New York: Springer, 1999,vol. 115.

P. T. Rakich, J. T. Gopinath, H. Sotobayashi, C. W. Wong, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos and E. P. Ippen, "Broadband supercontinuum-based measurements of high-index contrast photonic bandgap devices from 1 to 2 µ m", presented at the Proc. Lasers and Electro-Optic Society (LEOS) Annu. Meeting, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico,Th13, Oct. 2004.

R. T. Neal, M. D. C. Charlton, G. J. Parker, C. E. Finlayson, M. C. Netti and J. J. Baumberg, "Ultrabroadband transmission measurements on waveguides of silicon-rich silicon dioxide", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 83, no. 22, pp. 4598-4600, Dec. 2003.

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kaertner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko and B. Luther-Davies, "Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser", Opt. Lett., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 373-375, Mar. 2001.

D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow and T. Tschudi, "Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted kerr-lens modelocked Ti:sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 631-633, May 1999.

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jorgensen and T. Veng, "All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum", Opt. Lett., vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 643-645, Apr. 2003.

D. J. Ripin, C. Chudoba, J. T. Gopinath, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, U. Morgner, F. X. Kaertner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow and T. Tschudi, "Generation of 20-fs pulses by a prismless Cr4+:YAG laser", Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 61-63, Jan. 2002.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, G. Valiulis and A. Varanavicius, "Parametric generation of high-energy 14.5-fs light pulses at 1.5 µ m", Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 630-632, Apr. 1998.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber", Appl. Phys. B, vol. B77, no. 2-3, pp. 269-277, Sep. 2003.

S. Taccheo and L. Boivin, "Investigation and design rules of supercontinuum sources for WDM applications", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Baltimore, MD, ThA1, 2000.

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen and C. V. Shank, "Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 139-149, Apr. 1984.

E. Hecht, Optics, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 2002.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1997.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, New York: Academic, 1995.

W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto and A. J. Taylor, "Full-field characterization of femtosecond pulses by spectrum and cross-correlation measurements", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 23, pp. 1774-1776, Dec. 1999.

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