Abstract

Recent progress on low-bending-loss single-mode optical fibers for fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) is reviewed. Designing and manufacturing for three types of fibers-a step-index-profile fiber, a trench-index-profile fiber, and a holey fiber-are discussed. The trench-index-profile fibers and the holey fibers are confirmed to be candidates for indoor wiring because of their low bending losses, as well as splice losses.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. "Information and Communication in Japan 2004: The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications of Japan",
  2. K. Sato, "Optical fiber and cable technologies supporting FTTH", presented at the Tech. Dig. Optoelectronics and Communications Conf./Conf. Optical Internet (OECC/COIN), Yokohama, Japan,13D2-1, 2004.
  3. M. Ohashi, "Recent progress on optical fibers for transmission", presented at the Tech. Dig. Optoelectronics and Communications Conf./Conf. Optical Internet (OECC/COIN), Yokohama, Japan,13D1-1, 2004.
  4. T. Akiyoshi, K. Hamada, N. Akasaka, M. Dazai and Y. Terasawa, "Development of non-flammable optical fiber with improved macro-bending performance", presented at the IEICE Society Conf., Miyazaki, Japan,B-10-23, 2002.
  5. K. Ichii, N. Yamada, M. Fujimaki, K. Harada and K. Tsurusaki, "Characteristics of low macrobending-loss SMF (FutureGuide-SR15E) with low water peak", presented at the IEICE General Conf., Tokyo, Japan,B-10-2, 2004.
  6. D. Marcuse, "Gaussian approximation of the fundamental modes of graded-index fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 103-109, Jan. 1978.
  7. W. A. Reed, L. G. Cohen and H. Shang, "Tailoring optical characteristics of dispersion-shifted lightguides for applications near 1.55 µm", AT&T Tech. J., vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 105-122, 1987.
  8. S. Matsuo, M. Ikeda and K. Himeno, "Bend-insensitive and low-splice-loss optical fiber for indoor wiring in FTTH", presented at the Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, ThI3, 2004.
  9. L. B. Jeunhomme, Single-Mode Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1989, pp. 103-107.
  10. H. Kutami, S. Matsuo, K. Himeno and K. Ohashi, "Low-bending-loss and suppressed-splice-loss optical fibers for FTTH indoor wiring", presented at the Tech. Dig. Optoelectronics and Communications Conf./Conf. Optical Internet (OECC/COIN), Yokohama, Japan,13D2-2, 2004.
  11. Measurement Methods and Test Procedures-Cut-Off Wavelength, 1st ed. Jul. 2001.
  12. S. Tanaka, S. Shiobara, T. Shimomichi and K. Ohashi, "A bend-resistant non-metallic drop cable for FTTH", in Proc. 52nd Proc. Int. Wire and Cable Symp. (IWCS/Focus), Philadelphia, PA, 2003, pp. 438-443.
  13. J. Zhou, K. Nakajima, K. Tajima, K. Hogari, K. Sato and I. Sankawa, "Application of PCF to optical fiber wiring in residential and business premises", Inst. Elect., Inform. and Commun. Engineers of Japan, Wakayama, Japan, Tech. Rep. IEICE OFT2002-81, 2003.
  14. T. Hasegawa, et al. "Novel hole-assisted lightguide fiber exhibiting large anomalous dispersion and low loss below 1 dB/km", in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2001, pp. PD5-1-PD5-3.
  15. B. Yao, K. Ohsono, Y. Kurosawa and M. Tachikura, "A study of utilization of holey fibers", Inst. Elect., Inform. and Commun. Engineers of Japan, Wakayama, Japan, Tech. Rep. IEICE OFT2002-82, 2003.
  16. J. Zhou, K. Nakajima, K. Tajima, K. Hogari, K. Sato and I. Sankawa, "Application of hole-assisted type PCF with good bending loss performance", in Proc. 52nd Int. Wire and Cable Symp. (IWCS/Focus), Philadelphia, PA, 2003, pp. 48-52.
  17. T. Hasegawa, T. Saito, D. Nishioka, E. Sasaoka and T. Hosoya, "Bend-insensitive single-mode holey fibre with SMF-compatibility for optical wiring applications", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication-Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (ECOC-IOOC), Rimini, Italy,Paper We2.7.3, 2003.
  18. D. Nishioka, T. Hasegawa, T. Saito, E. Sasaoka and T. Hosoya, "Development of holey fiber with ultra-low bending loss", Inst. Elect., Inform. and Commun. Engineers of Japan, Hokkaido, Japan, Tech. Rep. IEICE OFT2003-63, 2003.
  19. K. Miyake, M. Hachiwaka, T. Kinoshita, S. Yamaguchi, H. Kubota and S. Kawanishi, "Bend resistant photonic crystal fiber compatible with conventional single mode fiber", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Mo3.3.4, 2004.
  20. N. Guan, K. Izoe, K. Takenaga, R. Suzuki and K. Himeno, "Hole-assisted single-mode fibers for low bending loss", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Mo3.3.5, 2004.
  21. N. Guan, S. Habu, K. Takenaga, K. Himeno and A. Wada, "Boundary element method for analysis of holey optical fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1787-1792, Aug. 2003.

Other

"Information and Communication in Japan 2004: The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications of Japan",

K. Sato, "Optical fiber and cable technologies supporting FTTH", presented at the Tech. Dig. Optoelectronics and Communications Conf./Conf. Optical Internet (OECC/COIN), Yokohama, Japan,13D2-1, 2004.

M. Ohashi, "Recent progress on optical fibers for transmission", presented at the Tech. Dig. Optoelectronics and Communications Conf./Conf. Optical Internet (OECC/COIN), Yokohama, Japan,13D1-1, 2004.

T. Akiyoshi, K. Hamada, N. Akasaka, M. Dazai and Y. Terasawa, "Development of non-flammable optical fiber with improved macro-bending performance", presented at the IEICE Society Conf., Miyazaki, Japan,B-10-23, 2002.

K. Ichii, N. Yamada, M. Fujimaki, K. Harada and K. Tsurusaki, "Characteristics of low macrobending-loss SMF (FutureGuide-SR15E) with low water peak", presented at the IEICE General Conf., Tokyo, Japan,B-10-2, 2004.

D. Marcuse, "Gaussian approximation of the fundamental modes of graded-index fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 103-109, Jan. 1978.

W. A. Reed, L. G. Cohen and H. Shang, "Tailoring optical characteristics of dispersion-shifted lightguides for applications near 1.55 µm", AT&T Tech. J., vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 105-122, 1987.

S. Matsuo, M. Ikeda and K. Himeno, "Bend-insensitive and low-splice-loss optical fiber for indoor wiring in FTTH", presented at the Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, ThI3, 2004.

L. B. Jeunhomme, Single-Mode Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1989, pp. 103-107.

H. Kutami, S. Matsuo, K. Himeno and K. Ohashi, "Low-bending-loss and suppressed-splice-loss optical fibers for FTTH indoor wiring", presented at the Tech. Dig. Optoelectronics and Communications Conf./Conf. Optical Internet (OECC/COIN), Yokohama, Japan,13D2-2, 2004.

Measurement Methods and Test Procedures-Cut-Off Wavelength, 1st ed. Jul. 2001.

S. Tanaka, S. Shiobara, T. Shimomichi and K. Ohashi, "A bend-resistant non-metallic drop cable for FTTH", in Proc. 52nd Proc. Int. Wire and Cable Symp. (IWCS/Focus), Philadelphia, PA, 2003, pp. 438-443.

J. Zhou, K. Nakajima, K. Tajima, K. Hogari, K. Sato and I. Sankawa, "Application of PCF to optical fiber wiring in residential and business premises", Inst. Elect., Inform. and Commun. Engineers of Japan, Wakayama, Japan, Tech. Rep. IEICE OFT2002-81, 2003.

T. Hasegawa, et al. "Novel hole-assisted lightguide fiber exhibiting large anomalous dispersion and low loss below 1 dB/km", in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2001, pp. PD5-1-PD5-3.

B. Yao, K. Ohsono, Y. Kurosawa and M. Tachikura, "A study of utilization of holey fibers", Inst. Elect., Inform. and Commun. Engineers of Japan, Wakayama, Japan, Tech. Rep. IEICE OFT2002-82, 2003.

J. Zhou, K. Nakajima, K. Tajima, K. Hogari, K. Sato and I. Sankawa, "Application of hole-assisted type PCF with good bending loss performance", in Proc. 52nd Int. Wire and Cable Symp. (IWCS/Focus), Philadelphia, PA, 2003, pp. 48-52.

T. Hasegawa, T. Saito, D. Nishioka, E. Sasaoka and T. Hosoya, "Bend-insensitive single-mode holey fibre with SMF-compatibility for optical wiring applications", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication-Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (ECOC-IOOC), Rimini, Italy,Paper We2.7.3, 2003.

D. Nishioka, T. Hasegawa, T. Saito, E. Sasaoka and T. Hosoya, "Development of holey fiber with ultra-low bending loss", Inst. Elect., Inform. and Commun. Engineers of Japan, Hokkaido, Japan, Tech. Rep. IEICE OFT2003-63, 2003.

K. Miyake, M. Hachiwaka, T. Kinoshita, S. Yamaguchi, H. Kubota and S. Kawanishi, "Bend resistant photonic crystal fiber compatible with conventional single mode fiber", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Mo3.3.4, 2004.

N. Guan, K. Izoe, K. Takenaga, R. Suzuki and K. Himeno, "Hole-assisted single-mode fibers for low bending loss", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Mo3.3.5, 2004.

N. Guan, S. Habu, K. Takenaga, K. Himeno and A. Wada, "Boundary element method for analysis of holey optical fibers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1787-1792, Aug. 2003.

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