Abstract

A novel vestigial-sideband (VSB) payload scheme is proposed for high-speed all-optical label-switching (AOLS) networks. The combination and separation of the VSB payload and the optical label is experimentally demonstrated, and the influences of the power-split ratio, time-delay interference, interferometric noise (IN), and wavelength difference between the payload and the label are analyzed. Simulation and experiment results show that this VSB payload scheme can highly reduce the channel bandwidth and it is easy to realize by using optical filters, so it is a potential technique to be used in optical networks with bit rate of 40 Gb/s.

© 2005 IEEE

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  4. Z. S. Jia, M. H. Chen and S. Z. Xie, "Label erasing technique employing Lyot-Sagnac filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1563-1564, Nov. 2002.
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  15. J. Yu, G.-K. Chang and Q. Yang, "Optical label swapping in a packet-switched optical network using optical carrier suppression, separation and wavelength conversion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2156-2158, Sep. 2004.
  16. G.-K. Chang and J. Yu, "Multi-rate payload switching using a swappable optical carrier suppressed label in a packet switched DWDM optical network", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper PDP5, May 2004.
  17. H. Chen, M. Chen, S. Xie and B. Zhou, "Single-sideband payload and label scheme for 40 Gb/s all-optical label switching", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Paper Th3.6.7, 2004.
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  20. A. Agarwal, S. Chandrasekhar and R.-J. Essiambre, "VSB-CSRZ for spectrally efficient optically-routed networks", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Paper We3.4.4, 2004.
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  22. D. J. Blumenthal, P. Granestrand and L. Thylen, "BER floors due to heterodyne coherent crosstalk in space photonics switches for WDM networks", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 284-286, Feb. 1996.
  23. J. J. O'Reilly and C. J. Appleton, "System performance implications of homodyne beat noise effects in optical fiber networks", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron., vol. 142, no. 3, pp. 143-148, Jun. 1995.
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  26. N. S. Moon, T. Sakamoto, Y. Takushima and K. Kikuchi, "Experimental verification of Gaussian approximation model of multiple intraband crosstalk in wavelength-division multiplexed networks using recirculating fiber loop", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1038-1040, Sep. 2001.
  27. M. Tur and E. L. Goldstein, "Probability distribution of phase-induced intensity noise generated by distributed-feedback laser", Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1-3, Jan. 1990.
  28. G. Einarsson, Principles of Lightwave Communications, New York: Wiley, 1996.
  29. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems, 3rd ed. New York: Wiley, 2002.

Other (29)

D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.

T. S. El-Bawab and J.-D. Shin, "Optical packet switching in core networks: Between vision and reality", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 61-65, Sep. 2002.

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way and G. K. Chang, "A novel optical label swapping technique using erasable optical single-sideband subcarrier label", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1088-1090, Aug. 2000.

Z. S. Jia, M. H. Chen and S. Z. Xie, "Label erasing technique employing Lyot-Sagnac filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1563-1564, Nov. 2002.

N. Chi, J. Zhang and P. Jeppesen, "All-optical subcarrier labeling based on the carrier suppression of the payload", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 781-783, May 2003.

S. A. Hamilton and B. S. Robinson, "40 Gb/s all-optical packet synchronization and address comparison for OTDM networks", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 209-211, Feb. 2002.

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen and F. Tong, "A bit-serial optical packet label-swapping scheme using DPSK encoded labels", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1630-1632, Nov. 2003.

L. Dittmann and C. Develder, et al. "The European IST project DAVID: A viable approach toward optical packet switching", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026-1040, Sep. 2003.

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret and P. Jeppesen, "Optical label swapping and packet transmission based on ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation format in IP-over-WDM networks", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Tech. Dig., Postconf. Ed., Atlanta, GA, 2003, pp. 792-794.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret and P. Jeppensen, "A novel optical labeling scheme using a FSK modulated DFB laser integrated with an EA modulator", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Tech. Dig., Postconf. Ed., Atlanta, GA, 2003,TuQ5,. pp. 279-280.

K. Vlachos, J. Zhang, J. Cheyns, Sulur, N. Chi, E. Van Breusegem, I. Tafur Monroy, J. G. L. Jennen, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret, R. O'Dowd, P. Demeester and A. M. J. Koonen, "An optical IM/FSK coding technique for the implementation of a label-controlled arrayed waveguide packet router", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2617-2628, Nov. 2003.

T. Flarup, C. Peucheret, J. J. Vegas Olmos, Y. Geng, J. Zhang, I. Tafur Monroy and P. Jeppesen, "Labeling of 40 Gbit/s DPSK payload using in-band subcarrier multiplexing", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, May 2005,Paper OWB7,. pp. 1-4.

J. Yu and G.-K. Chang, "A novel technique for optical label and payload generation and multiplexing using optical carrier suppression and separation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 320-322, Jan. 2004.

G. K. Chang and J. Yu, "40 Gbit/s payload and 2.5 Gbit/s label generation using optical carrier suppression and separation", Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 442-444, Apr. 2004.

J. Yu, G.-K. Chang and Q. Yang, "Optical label swapping in a packet-switched optical network using optical carrier suppression, separation and wavelength conversion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2156-2158, Sep. 2004.

G.-K. Chang and J. Yu, "Multi-rate payload switching using a swappable optical carrier suppressed label in a packet switched DWDM optical network", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Paper PDP5, May 2004.

H. Chen, M. Chen, S. Xie and B. Zhou, "Single-sideband payload and label scheme for 40 Gb/s all-optical label switching", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Paper Th3.6.7, 2004.

H. Bissessur, "Modulation formats for higher WDM spectral efficiencies", in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS), San Diego, CA, 2001,Paper ThC1,. pp. 671-672.

J. Lee, S. Kim, Y. Kim, Y. Oh, S. Hwang and J. Jeong, "Optically preamplified receiver performance due to VSB filtering for 40-Gb/s optical signals modulated with various formats", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 521-527, Feb. 2003.

A. Agarwal, S. Chandrasekhar and R.-J. Essiambre, "VSB-CSRZ for spectrally efficient optically-routed networks", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden,Paper We3.4.4, 2004.

R. J. Nuyts, L. D. Tzeng, O. Mizuhara and P. Gallion, "Effect of transmitter speed and receiver bandwidth on the eye margin performance of a 10-Gb/s optical fiber transmission system", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 532-534, Apr. 1997.

D. J. Blumenthal, P. Granestrand and L. Thylen, "BER floors due to heterodyne coherent crosstalk in space photonics switches for WDM networks", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 284-286, Feb. 1996.

J. J. O'Reilly and C. J. Appleton, "System performance implications of homodyne beat noise effects in optical fiber networks", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron., vol. 142, no. 3, pp. 143-148, Jun. 1995.

L. Moura, N. Karafolas, P. Lane, A. Hill and J. O'Reilly, "Modelling of interferometric crosstalk in optical networks", in IEEE Proc. Global Telecommunications (GLOBECOM) Conf., vol. 1, London, U.K.,Nov. 1996, pp. 333-337.

M. R. Jimenez, R. Passy, M. A. Grivet and J. P. von derWeid, "Computation of power penalties due to intraband crosstalk in optical systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 156-158, Jan. 2003.

N. S. Moon, T. Sakamoto, Y. Takushima and K. Kikuchi, "Experimental verification of Gaussian approximation model of multiple intraband crosstalk in wavelength-division multiplexed networks using recirculating fiber loop", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1038-1040, Sep. 2001.

M. Tur and E. L. Goldstein, "Probability distribution of phase-induced intensity noise generated by distributed-feedback laser", Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1-3, Jan. 1990.

G. Einarsson, Principles of Lightwave Communications, New York: Wiley, 1996.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems, 3rd ed. New York: Wiley, 2002.

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