Abstract

Single-hop wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) optical ring networks operating in packet mode are one of the most promising architectures for the design of innovative metropolitan network (metro) architectures. They permit a cost-effective design, with a good combination of optical and electronic technologies, while supporting features like restoration and reconfiguration that are essential in any metro scenario. In this article, we address the tunability requirements that lead to an effective resource usage and permit reconfiguration in optical WDM metros. We introduce reconfiguration algorithms that, on the basis of traffic measurements, adapt the network configuration to traffic demands to optimize performance. Using a specific network architecture as a reference case, the paper aims at the broader goal of showing which are the advantages fostered by innovative network designs exploiting the features of optical technologies.

© 2005 IEEE

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  13. A. Carena, V. De Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione and P. Poggiolini, "RingO: An experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561-1571, Oct. 2004.
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Other (17)

S. Yao, B. Mukherjee and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: An overview", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 84-94, Feb. 2000.

J. Cai, A. Fumagalli and I. Chlamtac, "The Multitoken Interarrival Time (MTIT) access protocol for supporting variable size packets over WDM ring network", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2094-2104, Oct. 2000.

Y. Cai, R. M. Fortenberry and R. S. Tucker, "Demonstration of photonic packet-switched ring network with optically transparent nodes", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 1139-1141, 1994.

J. Fransson, M. Johansson, M. Roughan, L. Andrew and M. A. Summerfield, "Design of a medium access control protocol for a WDMA/TDMA photonic ring network", in Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. (GLOBECOM), vol. 1, Sydney, Australia,Nov. 1998, pp. 307-312.

C. S. Jelger and J. M. H. Elmirghani, "Photonic packet WDM ring networks architecture and performance", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 11, pp. 110-115, Nov. 2002.

A. Smiljanic, M. Boroditsky and N. J. Frigo, "High-capacity packet-switched optical ring network", IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 111-113, Mar. 2002.

L. Dittman, et al. "The European IST project DAVID: A viable approach towards optical packet switching", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026-1040, Sep. 2003.

M. Ibsen, et al. "8-and 16-channel all-fiber DFB laser WDM transmitters with integrated pump redundancy", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 1114-1116, Sep. 1999.

E. Y. Chan, et al. "A 12-channel multimode fiber-optic 1.0625-Gb/s fiber channel receiver based on COTS devices and MCM-L/COB/BGA packaging", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1549-1551, Nov. 2000.

M. A. Marsan, A. Bianco, E. Leonardi, M. Meo and F. Neri, "MAC protocols and fairness control in WDM multi-rings with tunable transmitters and fixed receivers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1230-1244, Jun. 1996.

K. V. Shrikhande, I. M. White, D.-R. Wonglumsom, S. M. Gemelos, M. S. Rogge, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius and L. G. Kazovsky, "HORNET: A packet-over-WDM multiple access metropolitan area ring network", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2004-2016, Oct. 2000.

I. Baldine and G. Rouskas, "Traffic adaptive WDM networks: A study of reconfigurations issues", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 433-454, Apr. 2001.

A. Carena, V. De Feo, J. Finochietto, R. Gaudino, F. Neri, C. Piglione and P. Poggiolini, "RingO: An experimental WDM optical packet network for metro applications", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1561-1571, Oct. 2004.

M. Pinedo, Scheduling: Theory, Algorithms, and Systems, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2002.

R. L. Graham, "Bounds on multiprocessing timing anomalies", SIAM J. Appl. Math., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 416-429, 1969.

R. E. Tarjan, Data Structures and Network Algorithms, Philadelphia, PA: SIAM, Nov. 1993.

I. Alfouzan and A. Jayasumana, "Dynamic reconfiguration of wavelength-routed WDM networks", in Proc. IEEE Local Computer Networks (LCN), Tampa, FL, Nov. 2001, pp. 477-485.

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