Abstract

This paper proposes two novel optical layer schemes for intercommunication between customers in a passive optical network (PON). The proposed schemes use radio frequency (RF) subcarrier multiplexed transmission for intercommunication between customers in conjunction with upstream access to the central office (CO) at baseband. One scheme employs a narrowband fiber Bragg grating (FBG) placed close to the star coupler in the feeder fiber of the PON, while the other uses an additional short-length distribution fiber from the star coupler to each customer unit for the redirection of customer traffic. In both schemes, only one optical transmitter is required at each optical network unit (ONU) for the transmission of customer traffic and upstream access traffic. Moreover, downstream bandwidth is not consumed by customer traffic unlike in previously reported techniques. The authors experimentally verify the feasibility of both schemes with 1.25 Gb/s upstream baseband transmission to the CO and 155 Mb/s customer data transmission on the RF carrier. The experimental results obtained from both schemes are compared, and the power budgets are calculated to analyze the scalability of each scheme. Further, the proposed schemes were discussed in terms of upgradability of the transmission bit rates for the upstream access traffic, bandwidth requirements at the customer premises, dispersion tolerance, and stability issues for the practical implementations of the network.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. F. J. Effenberger, H. Ichibangase and H. Yamashita, "Advances in broadband passive optical networking technologies", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 118-124, Dec. 2001.
  2. G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 66-73, Feb. 2002.
  3. R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood and M. Zirngibl, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1546-1559, Sep. 1998.
  4. E. J. Hernandez-Valencia, "Architectures for broadband residential IP services over CATV networks", IEEE Network, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 36-43, Jan.-Feb. 1997.
  5. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee and A. Maislos, "Ethernet passive optical networks," in IP Over WDM: Building the Next Generation Optical Internet, S. Dixit, Ed. New York: Wiley, 2003, ch. 8, pp. 229-275.
  6. E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, "CSMA/CD-based ethernet passive optical network with optical internetworking capability among users", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2195-2197, Sep. 2004.
  7. C.-J. Chae, P. Heesang and E. Jong-Hoon, "An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1133-1135, Oct. 2001.
  8. C.-J. Chae, L. Seung-Tak, K. Geun-Young and P. Heesang, "A PON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1686-1688, Dec. 1999.
  9. C.-J. Chae, E. Wong and R. S. Tucker, "Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 711-713, May 2002.
  10. S. S. Roh and S.-H. Kim, "Security model and authentication protocol in EPON-based optical access network", in Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Warsaw, Poland, 2003, pp. 99-102.
  11. D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell and M. D. Vaughn, "Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1443-1452, Aug. 1997.
  12. A. Kaszubowska, P. Anandarajah and L. P. Barry, "Multifunctional operation of a fiber Bragg grating in a WDM/SCM radio over fiber distribution system", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 605-607, Feb. 2004.
  13. C. Lim, D. Novak, A. Nirmalathas and G. H. Smith, "Dispersion-induced power penalties in millimeter-wave signal transmission using multisection DBR semiconductor laser", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 288-296, Feb. 2001.
  14. Z. Zhu, V. J. Hernandez, M. Y. Jeon, J. Cao, Z. Pan and S. J. B. Yoo, "RF photonics signal processing in subcarrier multiplexed optical-label switching communication systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 3155-3166, Dec. 2003.
  15. D. Podwika, D. Stefanski, J. S. Witkowski and E. M. Pawlik, "Computer networks based on optical passive couplers", in Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Gdansk, Poland, 2000, pp. 123-126.

Other (15)

F. J. Effenberger, H. Ichibangase and H. Yamashita, "Advances in broadband passive optical networking technologies", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 118-124, Dec. 2001.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 66-73, Feb. 2002.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood and M. Zirngibl, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1546-1559, Sep. 1998.

E. J. Hernandez-Valencia, "Architectures for broadband residential IP services over CATV networks", IEEE Network, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 36-43, Jan.-Feb. 1997.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee and A. Maislos, "Ethernet passive optical networks," in IP Over WDM: Building the Next Generation Optical Internet, S. Dixit, Ed. New York: Wiley, 2003, ch. 8, pp. 229-275.

E. Wong and C.-J. Chae, "CSMA/CD-based ethernet passive optical network with optical internetworking capability among users", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2195-2197, Sep. 2004.

C.-J. Chae, P. Heesang and E. Jong-Hoon, "An ATM PON system overlaid with a 155-Mb/s optical star network for customer networking and fiber to the premises", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1133-1135, Oct. 2001.

C.-J. Chae, L. Seung-Tak, K. Geun-Young and P. Heesang, "A PON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1686-1688, Dec. 1999.

C.-J. Chae, E. Wong and R. S. Tucker, "Optical CSMA/CD media access scheme for Ethernet over passive optical network", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 711-713, May 2002.

S. S. Roh and S.-H. Kim, "Security model and authentication protocol in EPON-based optical access network", in Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Warsaw, Poland, 2003, pp. 99-102.

D. J. Blumenthal, J. Laskar, R. Gaudino, S. Han, M. D. Shell and M. D. Vaughn, "Fiber-optic links supporting baseband data and subcarrier-multiplexed control channels and the impact of MMIC photonic/microwave interfaces", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 1443-1452, Aug. 1997.

A. Kaszubowska, P. Anandarajah and L. P. Barry, "Multifunctional operation of a fiber Bragg grating in a WDM/SCM radio over fiber distribution system", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 605-607, Feb. 2004.

C. Lim, D. Novak, A. Nirmalathas and G. H. Smith, "Dispersion-induced power penalties in millimeter-wave signal transmission using multisection DBR semiconductor laser", IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 288-296, Feb. 2001.

Z. Zhu, V. J. Hernandez, M. Y. Jeon, J. Cao, Z. Pan and S. J. B. Yoo, "RF photonics signal processing in subcarrier multiplexed optical-label switching communication systems", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 3155-3166, Dec. 2003.

D. Podwika, D. Stefanski, J. S. Witkowski and E. M. Pawlik, "Computer networks based on optical passive couplers", in Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, Gdansk, Poland, 2000, pp. 123-126.

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