Abstract

In this paper, a new method is presented to exploit the cross-gain modulation mechanism in semiconductor optical amplifiers to reduce the intensity noise of spectrum-sliced communications systems via conversion of the modulated incoherent optical signal into a coherent signal before the detection process. Wavelength-division-multiplexed networks using broad-band sources have performance limited by intensity noise; conversion from an incoherent to a coherent signal reduces the intensity noise and enables the elimination of the bit-error-rate floor.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. J. S. Lee, C. H. Chung and D. J. Digiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multi-channel WDM application", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 1458-1461, Dec. 1993.
  2. H. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch and S. LaRochelle, "Passive optical fast frequency-hop CDMA communications system", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 397-405, Mar. 1999.
  3. W. Mathlouthi, M. Menif and L. A. Rusch, "Beat noise effects on spectrum-sliced WDM", presented at the 2003 Int. Conf. Applications Photonic Technology (Photonics North) , Montreal, QC, Canada, May 2003.
  4. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Lykke Danielsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 942-954, Jun. 1996.
  5. K. Obermann, S. Kindt, D. Breuer and K. Petermann, "Performance analysis of wavelength converters based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor-optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 78-85, Jan. 1998.
  6. M. Asghari, I. H. White and R. V. Penty, "Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1181-1190, Jul. 1997.
  7. T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pederson and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach-Zehnder configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 53-55, Jan. 1994.
  8. C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, P. Doussiere, F. Pommerau, P. B. Hansen, H. N. Poulsen, A. Kloch, M. Vaa, B. Mikkelsen, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler and K. Wunstel, "All-optical wavelength conversion at bit rates above 10 Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 1168-1180, Oct. 1997.
  9. K. Inoue, "Noise transfer characteristics in wavelength conversion based on cross-gain saturation in a semiconductor optical amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 888 -890, Jul. 1996.
  10. T. Yamatoya, F. Koyama and K. Iga, "Noise suppression and intensity modulation using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier", in Tech. Dig. Integrated Photonics Research 2000,, pp. 72-74.
  11. M. Zhao, G. Morthier and R. Baets, "Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 390 -392, Mar. 2002.
  12. T. Yamatoya and F. Koyama, "Optical preamplifier using inverted signal of amplified spontaneous emission in saturated semiconductor optical amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 1547-1548, 2001.
  13. L. Deming, N. Hong and L. Chao, "Wavelength conversion based on cross-gain modulation of ASE spectrum of SOA", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1222-1224, Sep. 2000.
  14. M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins and I. D. Henning, "Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers", in Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. J., vol. 132, 1985, pp. 58-63.
  15. P. Brosson, "Analytical model of a semiconductor optical amplifier", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 49-54, Jan. 1994.
  16. M. J. Connelly, "Wideband semiconductor optical amplifier steady-state numerical model", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 439-447, Mar. 2001.
  17. M. Menif, P. Lemieux, W. Mathlouthi and L. A. Rusch, "Incoherent-to-coherent wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier", presented at the IEEE Int. Conf. Communications (ICC 2004), Paris, France, Paper ON05-7, Jun. 2004.
  18. P. Guerber, B. Lavigne and O. Leclerc, "Ultimate performance of SOA-based interferometer as decision element in 40 Gbit/s all-optical regenerator", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2002), Anaheim, CA,Paper ThGG100,. pp. 753 -755.

Other (18)

J. S. Lee, C. H. Chung and D. J. Digiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source for multi-channel WDM application", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 1458-1461, Dec. 1993.

H. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch and S. LaRochelle, "Passive optical fast frequency-hop CDMA communications system", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 397-405, Mar. 1999.

W. Mathlouthi, M. Menif and L. A. Rusch, "Beat noise effects on spectrum-sliced WDM", presented at the 2003 Int. Conf. Applications Photonic Technology (Photonics North) , Montreal, QC, Canada, May 2003.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. Lykke Danielsen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 942-954, Jun. 1996.

K. Obermann, S. Kindt, D. Breuer and K. Petermann, "Performance analysis of wavelength converters based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor-optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 78-85, Jan. 1998.

M. Asghari, I. H. White and R. V. Penty, "Wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1181-1190, Jul. 1997.

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pederson and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach-Zehnder configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 53-55, Jan. 1994.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, P. Doussiere, F. Pommerau, P. B. Hansen, H. N. Poulsen, A. Kloch, M. Vaa, B. Mikkelsen, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler and K. Wunstel, "All-optical wavelength conversion at bit rates above 10 Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 1168-1180, Oct. 1997.

K. Inoue, "Noise transfer characteristics in wavelength conversion based on cross-gain saturation in a semiconductor optical amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 888 -890, Jul. 1996.

T. Yamatoya, F. Koyama and K. Iga, "Noise suppression and intensity modulation using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier", in Tech. Dig. Integrated Photonics Research 2000,, pp. 72-74.

M. Zhao, G. Morthier and R. Baets, "Analysis and optimization of intensity noise reduction in spectrum-sliced WDM systems using a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 390 -392, Mar. 2002.

T. Yamatoya and F. Koyama, "Optical preamplifier using inverted signal of amplified spontaneous emission in saturated semiconductor optical amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 1547-1548, 2001.

L. Deming, N. Hong and L. Chao, "Wavelength conversion based on cross-gain modulation of ASE spectrum of SOA", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 1222-1224, Sep. 2000.

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins and I. D. Henning, "Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers", in Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. J., vol. 132, 1985, pp. 58-63.

P. Brosson, "Analytical model of a semiconductor optical amplifier", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 49-54, Jan. 1994.

M. J. Connelly, "Wideband semiconductor optical amplifier steady-state numerical model", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 439-447, Mar. 2001.

M. Menif, P. Lemieux, W. Mathlouthi and L. A. Rusch, "Incoherent-to-coherent wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier", presented at the IEEE Int. Conf. Communications (ICC 2004), Paris, France, Paper ON05-7, Jun. 2004.

P. Guerber, B. Lavigne and O. Leclerc, "Ultimate performance of SOA-based interferometer as decision element in 40 Gbit/s all-optical regenerator", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2002), Anaheim, CA,Paper ThGG100,. pp. 753 -755.

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