Abstract

This paper reports a 160-Gb/s OTDM network comprising switching and demultiplexing through field deployed fiber. The 160-Gb/s signal was obtained by time-interleaving 16 channels of a 10-Gb/s signal. The add-drop node was realized by using a gain-transparent operation of a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). A subharmonic clock recovery with a prescaled electrooptical phase locked loop employing an electroabsorption modulator was applied. An OTDM receiver employed a four-wave mixing principle in an SOA. The impact of fiber chromatic and polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) is discussed. Switching and demultiplexing performance are shown for a fiber link of 275 and 550 km, respectively. Excellent operation of clock recovery, drop-through-add function,and transmission was achieved.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. S. Sp�lter, M. Heid, S. L. Jansen, G. Lehmann, E. Meissner and B. Lankl, "Ultra fast switching in OTDM Networks", in Proc. 2002 European Conf. on Optical Commun., vol. 4, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2002.
  2. H. Rohde, G. Lehmann and W. Schairer, "Toward a meshed ultra high speed TDM optical network: concept, OADM architecture and proof of principle", in Proc. 2004 Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2004,Paper TuH6.
  3. G. Lehmann, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, E. S. R. Sikora, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord and D. Payne, "The architecture of optical time domain multiplexed add drop nodes in a meshed network", in Proc. Network and Optical Comm. 2004, Eindhoven, The Netherlands,Paper 58.
  4. R. Ludwig, U. Feiste, C. Schmidt, J. Berger, E. Hilliger, M. Kroh, Y. Yamamoto, C. M. Weinert and H. G. Weber, "Enabling transmission at 160 Gb/s", in Proc. 2002 Optical Fiber Comm. Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2002,Paper TuA1.
  5. U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, J. Berger, C. Schmidt, H. G. Weber, B. Schmauss, A. Munk, B. Buchold, D. Briggmann, F. Kueppers and F. Rumpf, "160-Gb/s field transmission over 116 km standard single-mode fiber using 160-Gb/s OTDM and 40-Gb/s ETDM demultiplexer", in Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., Optoelectron., vol. 148, 2001, pp. 171-175.
  6. C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig and H. G. Weber, "Error-free all-optical add-drop multiplexing at 160 Gb/s", in Proc. Optical Fiber Comm. Conf. 2003, Atlanta, GA,PD17-1.
  7. H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers and D. J. Blumenthal, "Compact 160-Gb/s add-drop multiplexing with a 40-Gb/s base-rate", in Proc. 2004 Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. , Los Angeles, CA, 2004.
  8. J. P. Turkiewicz, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "All-optical OTDM add-drop node at 1610 Gb/s in between two fiber links of 150 km", in Proc. 2003 European Conf. on Optical Commun., Rimini, Italy,Paper Th5.5.4.
  9. J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, W. Schairer, H. Rohde, G. Lehmann, E. S. R. Sikora, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord and D. Payne, "Field trial of 160 Gb/s OTDM add/drop node in a link of 275 km deployed fiber", in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. 2004, Los Angeles, CA,PDP1.
  10. H. Rohde, W. Schairer and G. Lehmann, "All-optical add/drop multiplexer for high speed optical networks based on four-wave mixing in SOA", in Proc. 2003 European Conf. on Optical Commun., Rimini, Italy,Paper We4.P127.
  11. S. Jansen, G. Khoe, H. de Waardt, M. Heid, S. Sp�lter, E. Meissner, C. Weiske and A. Schoepflin, "Optimizing the wavelength configuration for FWM-based demultiplexing in a SOA", in Prof. 2003 Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Atlanta, GA,ThO5.
  12. D. T. K. Tong, K. L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer and J. E. Johnson, "160 Gb/s clock recovery using electroabsorption modulator based phase locked loop", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1951-1952, 2000.
  13. N. S. Patel, K. A. Rauschenbach and K. L. Hall, "40-Gb/s demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer (UNI)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1695-1697, Dec. 1996.
  14. J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, G. D. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "Simultaneous high-speed OTDM add-drop multiplexing using GT-UNI switch", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 795-796, 2003.
  15. G. Lehmann, E. Meissner, S. Sp�lter, Y. R. Zhou, E. Sikora and A. Lord, "Dispersion tolerances at 160 Gb/s", in Proc. 2002 Network and Optical Commun., Darmstadt, Germany, pp. 95-100.
  16. H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson and A. Andrekson, "Outage probabilities in PMD compensated transmission systems", in Proc. 2001 European Conf. on Optical Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands,Paper Tu.A.3.1.
  17. Y. Serizawa, M. Myoujin, S. Miyazaki and K. Kitamura, "Transmission delay variations in OPGW and overhead fiber-optic cable links", IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1415-1421, 1997.

Other (17)

S. Sp�lter, M. Heid, S. L. Jansen, G. Lehmann, E. Meissner and B. Lankl, "Ultra fast switching in OTDM Networks", in Proc. 2002 European Conf. on Optical Commun., vol. 4, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2002.

H. Rohde, G. Lehmann and W. Schairer, "Toward a meshed ultra high speed TDM optical network: concept, OADM architecture and proof of principle", in Proc. 2004 Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Los Angeles, CA, 2004,Paper TuH6.

G. Lehmann, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, E. S. R. Sikora, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord and D. Payne, "The architecture of optical time domain multiplexed add drop nodes in a meshed network", in Proc. Network and Optical Comm. 2004, Eindhoven, The Netherlands,Paper 58.

R. Ludwig, U. Feiste, C. Schmidt, J. Berger, E. Hilliger, M. Kroh, Y. Yamamoto, C. M. Weinert and H. G. Weber, "Enabling transmission at 160 Gb/s", in Proc. 2002 Optical Fiber Comm. Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2002,Paper TuA1.

U. Feiste, R. Ludwig, J. Berger, C. Schmidt, H. G. Weber, B. Schmauss, A. Munk, B. Buchold, D. Briggmann, F. Kueppers and F. Rumpf, "160-Gb/s field transmission over 116 km standard single-mode fiber using 160-Gb/s OTDM and 40-Gb/s ETDM demultiplexer", in Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., Optoelectron., vol. 148, 2001, pp. 171-175.

C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig and H. G. Weber, "Error-free all-optical add-drop multiplexing at 160 Gb/s", in Proc. Optical Fiber Comm. Conf. 2003, Atlanta, GA,PD17-1.

H. F. Chou, J. E. Bowers and D. J. Blumenthal, "Compact 160-Gb/s add-drop multiplexing with a 40-Gb/s base-rate", in Proc. 2004 Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. , Los Angeles, CA, 2004.

J. P. Turkiewicz, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "All-optical OTDM add-drop node at 1610 Gb/s in between two fiber links of 150 km", in Proc. 2003 European Conf. on Optical Commun., Rimini, Italy,Paper Th5.5.4.

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, G. D. Khoe, H. de Waardt, W. Schairer, H. Rohde, G. Lehmann, E. S. R. Sikora, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord and D. Payne, "Field trial of 160 Gb/s OTDM add/drop node in a link of 275 km deployed fiber", in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. 2004, Los Angeles, CA,PDP1.

H. Rohde, W. Schairer and G. Lehmann, "All-optical add/drop multiplexer for high speed optical networks based on four-wave mixing in SOA", in Proc. 2003 European Conf. on Optical Commun., Rimini, Italy,Paper We4.P127.

S. Jansen, G. Khoe, H. de Waardt, M. Heid, S. Sp�lter, E. Meissner, C. Weiske and A. Schoepflin, "Optimizing the wavelength configuration for FWM-based demultiplexing in a SOA", in Prof. 2003 Optical Fiber Commun. Conf., Atlanta, GA,ThO5.

D. T. K. Tong, K. L. Deng, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, K. F. Dreyer and J. E. Johnson, "160 Gb/s clock recovery using electroabsorption modulator based phase locked loop", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 1951-1952, 2000.

N. S. Patel, K. A. Rauschenbach and K. L. Hall, "40-Gb/s demultiplexing using an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer (UNI)", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1695-1697, Dec. 1996.

J. P. Turkiewicz, E. Tangdiongga, H. Rohde, W. Schairer, G. Lehmann, G. D. Khoe and H. de Waardt, "Simultaneous high-speed OTDM add-drop multiplexing using GT-UNI switch", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 795-796, 2003.

G. Lehmann, E. Meissner, S. Sp�lter, Y. R. Zhou, E. Sikora and A. Lord, "Dispersion tolerances at 160 Gb/s", in Proc. 2002 Network and Optical Commun., Darmstadt, Germany, pp. 95-100.

H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson and A. Andrekson, "Outage probabilities in PMD compensated transmission systems", in Proc. 2001 European Conf. on Optical Commun., Amsterdam, The Netherlands,Paper Tu.A.3.1.

Y. Serizawa, M. Myoujin, S. Miyazaki and K. Kitamura, "Transmission delay variations in OPGW and overhead fiber-optic cable links", IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1415-1421, 1997.

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