Abstract

We report on the first demonstration of all-optical label switching (AOLS) with 160 Gb/s variable length packets and 10 Gb/s optical labels. This result demonstrates the transparency of AOLS techniques from previously demonstrated 2.5 Gb/s to this 160 Gb/s demonstration using a common routing and packet lookup framework. Packet forwarding/conversion, optical label erasure/re-write and signal regeneration at 160 Gb/s is achieved using a WDM Raman enhanced all-optical fiber cross-phase modulation wavelength converter. It is also experimentally shown that this technique enables packet unicast and multicast operation at 160 Gb/s. The packet bit-error-rate is measured for all optical label switched 16 x 10 Gb/s channels and error free operation is demonstrated after both label swapping and packet forwarding.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.
  2. D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran and M. M. Fejer, "Simultaneous label swapping and wavelength conversion of multiple independent WDM channels in an all-optical MPLS network using PPLN waveguides as wavelength converters", IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2739-2745, Nov. 2003.
  3. M. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Wang, V. Akella, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, J. Pan and S. J. B. Yoo, "Demonstration of all-optical packet switching routers with optical label swapping and 2R regeneration for scalable optical label switching network applications", IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2723-2733, Nov. 2003.
  4. N. Wada, H. Harai and W. Chujo, "Multi-hop, 40 Gbit/s variable length photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switching, waveband routing and label swapping", in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC), Postconf. Tech. Digest, vol. 1, 2002, pp. 216-217.
  5. L. Rau, S. Rangarajan, D. J. Blumenthal, H. F. Chou, Y. J. Chiu and J. E. Bowers, "Two-hop all-optical label swapping with variable length 80 Gb/s packets and 10 Gb/s labels using nonlinear fiber wavelength converters, unicast/multicast output and a single EAM for 80-to 10 Gb/s packet demultiplexing", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. , vol. 2, 2002, pp. FD2-1-FD2-3.
  6. D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 1497 -1500, Nov. 1999.
  7. B. E. Olssen, P. Olhen, L. Rau, G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, R. Doshi, D. Humphries, D. J. Blumenthal, V. Kaman and J. E. Bowers, "Wavelength routing of 40 Gb/s packets with 2.5 Gb/s header erasure/rewriting all-fiber wavelength converter", Eletron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 345-347, 2000.
  8. W. Wang, H. Poulsen, L. Rau, H. Chou, J. Bowers, D. Blumenthal and L. Gruner-Nielsen, "80-Gb/s regenerative wavelength conversion using a hybrid Raman/EDFA gain-enhanced XPM converter with highly-nonlinear-fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1416 -1418, Oct. 2003.
  9. P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 262-264, Feb. 1997.
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  13. O. A. Lavrova, G. Rossi and D. J. Blumenthal, "Rapid frequency tunable transmitter with large number of channels accessible in less than 5 ns", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communications '98, Paper 6.3.5, 1998.
  14. C. Fludger, V. Handerek and R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1140-1148, Aug. 2001.
  15. P. Ohlen, B. E. Olsson and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical header erasure and penalty-free rewriting in a fiber-based high speed wavelength converter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 663-666, Jun. 2000.

Other (15)

D. J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masanovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies", IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 2058-2075, Dec. 2000.

D. Gurkan, S. Kumar, A. E. Willner, K. R. Parameswaran and M. M. Fejer, "Simultaneous label swapping and wavelength conversion of multiple independent WDM channels in an all-optical MPLS network using PPLN waveguides as wavelength converters", IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2739-2745, Nov. 2003.

M. Jeon, Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Wang, V. Akella, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, J. Pan and S. J. B. Yoo, "Demonstration of all-optical packet switching routers with optical label swapping and 2R regeneration for scalable optical label switching network applications", IEEE J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2723-2733, Nov. 2003.

N. Wada, H. Harai and W. Chujo, "Multi-hop, 40 Gbit/s variable length photonic packet routing based on multi-wavelength label switching, waveband routing and label swapping", in Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC), Postconf. Tech. Digest, vol. 1, 2002, pp. 216-217.

L. Rau, S. Rangarajan, D. J. Blumenthal, H. F. Chou, Y. J. Chiu and J. E. Bowers, "Two-hop all-optical label swapping with variable length 80 Gb/s packets and 10 Gb/s labels using nonlinear fiber wavelength converters, unicast/multicast output and a single EAM for 80-to 10 Gb/s packet demultiplexing", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. , vol. 2, 2002, pp. FD2-1-FD2-3.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri and S. Humphries, "All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 11, pp. 1497 -1500, Nov. 1999.

B. E. Olssen, P. Olhen, L. Rau, G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, R. Doshi, D. Humphries, D. J. Blumenthal, V. Kaman and J. E. Bowers, "Wavelength routing of 40 Gb/s packets with 2.5 Gb/s header erasure/rewriting all-fiber wavelength converter", Eletron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 345-347, 2000.

W. Wang, H. Poulsen, L. Rau, H. Chou, J. Bowers, D. Blumenthal and L. Gruner-Nielsen, "80-Gb/s regenerative wavelength conversion using a hybrid Raman/EDFA gain-enhanced XPM converter with highly-nonlinear-fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1416 -1418, Oct. 2003.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, S. G. Grubb, A. J. Stentz, T. A. Strasser, J. Judkins, J. J. DeMarco, R. Pedrazzani and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Capacity upgrades of transmission systems by Raman amplification", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 262-264, Feb. 1997.

G. P. Agrawl, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 1995.

W. Wang, L. Rau, H. N. Poulsen and D. J. Blumenthal, "Raman gain enhanced FWM 160 Gb/s OTDM demultiplexer with highly-nonlinear-fiber", presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conf., Paper ThN3, 2004.

S. Namiki and Y. Emori, "Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 3-16, Jan. 2001.

O. A. Lavrova, G. Rossi and D. J. Blumenthal, "Rapid frequency tunable transmitter with large number of channels accessible in less than 5 ns", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communications '98, Paper 6.3.5, 1998.

C. Fludger, V. Handerek and R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1140-1148, Aug. 2001.

P. Ohlen, B. E. Olsson and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical header erasure and penalty-free rewriting in a fiber-based high speed wavelength converter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 663-666, Jun. 2000.

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