Abstract

A hybrid wavelength-division-multiplexed/time-division-multiplexed passive optical network serving 128 subscribers with wavelength-selection-free transmitters is presented by cascading 1x16 arrayed-waveguide gratings (AWGs) and 1x8 splitters. The wavelength-selection-free transmitter is an uncooled Fabry-Pérot laser diode (FP-LD) wavelength-locked to an externally injected narrow-band amplified spontaneous emission (ASE). Bit-error rates better than 10^-9 over temperature ranging from 0 to 60 °C are achieved in all 16 wavelength channels using a single FP-LD with an ASE injection of about -15 and -2 dBm in 622-Mb/s upstream and 1.25-Gb/s downstream transmissions over a 10-km feeder fiber, respectively. It is also reported that the ASE injection does not exert penalty upon burst-mode operations of the FP-LDs in the upstream.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. K. C. Reichmann and P. P. Iannone, "Delivery of 240 broadcast digital video channels to 1024 subscribers on a 1.3-� m spectrally sliced PDFA amplified PON", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) , San Jose, CA, Postdeadline Paper PD27-1, Feb. <day>22-27</day>, 1998.
  2. T. H. Wood, G. C. Wilson and R. D. Feldman, "Cost-effective fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) system providing broadband data over cable modems along with analog and digital video", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Jose, CA, Postdeadline Paper PD28-1, Feb. <day>22-27</day>, 1998.
  3. D. Kettler, H. Kafka and D. Spears, "Driving fiber to the home", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 106-110, Nov. 2000.
  4. F. J. Effenberger, H. Ichibangase and H. Yamashita, "Advances in broadband passive optical networking technologies", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 118-124, Dec. 2001.
  5. G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network", IEEE Commun. Mag. , vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 66-73, Feb. 2002.
  6. R. D. Feldman, "Crosstalk and loss in wavelength division multiplexed systems employing spectral slicing", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1823-1831, Oct. 1997.
  7. R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood and M. Zirngibl, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, pp. 1546-1559, Sep. 1998.
  8. S. S. Wagner and H. L. Lemberg, "Technology and system issues for a WDM-based fiber loop architecture", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 1759-1768, Nov. 1989.
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  10. D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals", IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 308-309, 2001.
  11. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs", IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 1181-1182, 2001.
  12. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang and C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-P�rot semiconductor laser", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1067-1069, Aug. 2000.
  13. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-P�rot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 �C temperature range", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 1331-1332, 2003.
  14. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, Y. K. Oh, J. H. Lee, H. S. Shin, C. H. Lee, S. T. Hwang, J. H. Ko, Y. J. Oh, T. I. Kim and C. S. Shim, "Transmission of HDTV and ethernet data over a WDM-PON employing ASE-injected Fabry-P�rot laser diodes", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Feb. <day>22-27 </day> 2004,Paper WO3,. pp. 827-829.
  15. J. K. Lee, E. H. Lee, D. J. Shin, J. Y. Kim, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, Y. K. Oh and T. I. Kim, "ASE-injected wideband gain lasers covering C-band channels with temperature range from -30 to 80 �C in a 155 Mb/s WDM-PON", in Proc. Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Materials (IPRM), Kagoshima, Japan,May 31-Jun. 4, 2004,Paper FA-3-5,. pp. 746- 749.
  16. H. S. Kim, D. J. Shin, I. K. Kang, S. B. Park, J. H. Lee, J. H. Cho, K. H. Cho, S. J. Lee, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh and C. S. Shim, "Demonstration of bi-directional WDM-PON based on ASE-injected FP-LD's for supporting HDTV channels and internet services", in Proc. OptoElectronics Communication Conf. (OECC), Yokohama, Japan,Jul. <day> 12-16</day> 2004,Paper 13B2-2,. pp. 40-41.
  17. G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers, New York: Van Nostrand, 1993, pp. 297-300.

Other (17)

K. C. Reichmann and P. P. Iannone, "Delivery of 240 broadcast digital video channels to 1024 subscribers on a 1.3-� m spectrally sliced PDFA amplified PON", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) , San Jose, CA, Postdeadline Paper PD27-1, Feb. <day>22-27</day>, 1998.

T. H. Wood, G. C. Wilson and R. D. Feldman, "Cost-effective fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) system providing broadband data over cable modems along with analog and digital video", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), San Jose, CA, Postdeadline Paper PD28-1, Feb. <day>22-27</day>, 1998.

D. Kettler, H. Kafka and D. Spears, "Driving fiber to the home", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 106-110, Nov. 2000.

F. J. Effenberger, H. Ichibangase and H. Yamashita, "Advances in broadband passive optical networking technologies", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 118-124, Dec. 2001.

G. Kramer and G. Pesavento, "Ethernet passive optical network (EPON): Building a next-generation optical access network", IEEE Commun. Mag. , vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 66-73, Feb. 2002.

R. D. Feldman, "Crosstalk and loss in wavelength division multiplexed systems employing spectral slicing", J. Lightw. Technol. , vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1823-1831, Oct. 1997.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood and M. Zirngibl, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 16, pp. 1546-1559, Sep. 1998.

S. S. Wagner and H. L. Lemberg, "Technology and system issues for a WDM-based fiber loop architecture", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 1759-1768, Nov. 1989.

J. B. Stark, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, L. Boivin, S. G. Grubb, D. Tipton, D. DiGiovanni, U. Koren and K. Dreyer, "Cascaded WDM passive optical network with a highly shared source", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1170-1172, Aug. 1997.

D. K. Jung, H. Kim, K. H. Han and Y. C. Chung, "Spectrum-sliced bidirectional passive optical network for simultaneous transmission of WDM and digital broadcast video signals", IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 308-309, 2001.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs", IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 1181-1182, 2001.

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang and C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-P�rot semiconductor laser", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1067-1069, Aug. 2000.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang and Y. J. Oh, "155 Mbit/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry-P�rot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 �C temperature range", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 1331-1332, 2003.

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, Y. K. Oh, J. H. Lee, H. S. Shin, C. H. Lee, S. T. Hwang, J. H. Ko, Y. J. Oh, T. I. Kim and C. S. Shim, "Transmission of HDTV and ethernet data over a WDM-PON employing ASE-injected Fabry-P�rot laser diodes", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Feb. <day>22-27 </day> 2004,Paper WO3,. pp. 827-829.

J. K. Lee, E. H. Lee, D. J. Shin, J. Y. Kim, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Kim, J. H. Lee, Y. K. Oh and T. I. Kim, "ASE-injected wideband gain lasers covering C-band channels with temperature range from -30 to 80 �C in a 155 Mb/s WDM-PON", in Proc. Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide Related Materials (IPRM), Kagoshima, Japan,May 31-Jun. 4, 2004,Paper FA-3-5,. pp. 746- 749.

H. S. Kim, D. J. Shin, I. K. Kang, S. B. Park, J. H. Lee, J. H. Cho, K. H. Cho, S. J. Lee, D. K. Jung, H. S. Shin, S. T. Hwang, Y. Oh and C. S. Shim, "Demonstration of bi-directional WDM-PON based on ASE-injected FP-LD's for supporting HDTV channels and internet services", in Proc. OptoElectronics Communication Conf. (OECC), Yokohama, Japan,Jul. <day> 12-16</day> 2004,Paper 13B2-2,. pp. 40-41.

G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers, New York: Van Nostrand, 1993, pp. 297-300.

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