Abstract

In this paper intrachannel nonlinearities in a return-to-zero differential-phase-shift-keyed (RZ-DPSK) 40-Gb/s 32x100-km system are compensated in the absence of signal power symmetry using a single LiNbO3 conjugator and results in two decades of improvement in bit-error rate (BER). The reduction of transmission impairments enables the reach of the system to be extended from 5200 to 6400 km with a measured BER = 5 x 10^-4. This paper also presents a first-order perturbation analysis that describes the effects of optical-phase conjugation and dispersion mapping on the optical field of pulses.

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  11. M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban and S. B. Christman, "1.5-� m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 653-655, Jun. 1999.
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  14. A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre and C. R. Doerr, "Optical phase conjugation in a WDM CSRZ pseudo-linear 40 Gb/s system for 4, 800 km transmission", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Stockholm, Sweden,Paper Th4.5.6, 2004.

Opt. Lett.

Other

R.-J Essiambre, G. Raybon and B. Mikkelsen, "Pseudo-linear transmission of high-speed TDM signals: 40 and 160 Gb/s," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV B, I. P. Kaminow, and T Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002.

A. Mecozzi, C. B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S.-G. Park and A. H. Gnauck, "Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 445-447, May 2001.

R. I. Killey, H. J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1624-1626, Dec. 2000.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei and D. M. Gill, "2.5 Tb/s (64 x 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40x 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans", presented at the Opt. Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2002), Anaheim, CA, Paper FC2, 2002.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban and S. B. Christman, "1.5-� m-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 653-655, Jun. 1999.

W. Forysiak and N. J. Doran, "Reduction of Gordon-Haus jitter in soliton transmission systems by optical phase conjugation", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 850-855, May 1995.

G. Raybon, A. Chowdhury, R.-J. Essiambre and C. R. Doerr, "Location optimization of a single optical phase conjugator in a 3, 200-km, 40-Gb/s pseudo-linear transmission system", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Stockholm, Sweden,Paper Th2.5.5, 2004.

A. Chowdhury, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre and C. R. Doerr, "Optical phase conjugation in a WDM CSRZ pseudo-linear 40 Gb/s system for 4, 800 km transmission", presented at the Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, Stockholm, Sweden,Paper Th4.5.6, 2004.

W. Pieper, C. Kurtzke, R. Schnabel, D. Breuer, R. Ludwig, K. Petermann and H. G. Weber, "Nonlinearity-insensitive standard-fiber transmission based on optical-phase conjugation in a semiconductor-laser amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 724-726, 1994.

I. Brener, B. Mikkelsen, K. Rottwitt, W. Burkett, G. Raybon, J. B. Stark, K. Parameswaran, M. H. Chou, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, R. Harel, D. L. Philen and S. Kosinski, "Cancellation of all Kerr nonlinearities in long fiber spans using a LiNbO3 conjugator and Raman amplification", presented at the Opt. Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC 2000), Baltimore, MD, Paper PD33, 2000.

J. Bromage, P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, "Multiple path interference and its impact on system design," in Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications 2, M. N. Islam, Ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2003.

R.-J. Essiambre, B. Mikkelsen and G. Raybon, "Intra-channel cross-phase modulation and four-wave mixing in high-speed TDM systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1576-1578, 1999.

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