Abstract

We report on a magneto-and electrooptically tuned dynamic polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) compensator that enabled error-free single-channel 160-Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission over a 75-km SMF link with a mean differential group delay (DGD) of more than 30% of the bit period. Polarization scrambling and DOP measurements were utilized to automatically adapt the compensator. We present bit error rate (BER) measurements and describe the operation of the compensator in detail.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. H. Buelow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin and T. Wehren, "PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit-s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 163-164, Jan. 2000.
  2. F. Buchali, W. Baumert, M. Schmidt and H. Buelow, "Dynamic distortion compensation in a 160 Gb/s RZ OTDM system: Adaptive 2 stage PMD compensation", in OFC 2003, Atlanta, GA, Mar. <day>23-28</day> 2003,Paper ThY1.
  3. H. Rosenfeldt, C. Knothe, R. Ulrich, E. Brinkmeyer, U. Feiste, C. Schubert, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber and A. Ehrhardt, "Automatic PMD compensation at 40 Gbit/s and 80 Gbit/s using a 3-dimensional DOP evaluation for feedback", in OFC 2001, Anaheim, CA, Mar. <day>17-22</day> 2001,Postdeadline Paper PD27.
  4. C. Francia, F. Bruy�re, J.-P. Thi�ry and D. Penninckx, "Simple dynamic polarization mode dispersion compensator", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 414-415, Mar. 1999.
  5. G. Ishikawa and H. Ooi, "Polarization-mode dispersion sensitivity and monitoring in 40-Gbit/s OTDM and 10-Gbit/s NRZ transmission experiments", in OFC 1998, San Jose, CA, Feb. <day>22-27</day> 1998, Paper WC5.
  6. S. Kieckbusch, S. Ferber, H. Rosenfeldt, R. Ludwig, C. Boerner, A. Ehrhardt, E. Brinkmeyer and H. G. Weber, "Adaptive PMD compensator in 160 Gb/s DPSK transmission over installed fiber", in OFC 2004, Los Angeles, CA, Feb. <day>22-27</day> 2004,Postdeadline Paper PDP31.
  7. H. Sunnerud, M. Westlund, J. Li, J. Hansryd, M. Karlsson, P.-O. Hedekvist and P. A. Andrekson, "Long-term 160 Gb/s-TDM, RZ transmission with automatic PMD compensation and system monitoring using an optical sampling system Q -value", in ECOC 2001, Amsterdam, Netherlands,Jul. <day>8-12</day> 2001,Postdeadline Paper M.1.9.
  8. L.-S. Yan, C. Yie, G. Yang, L. Lin, Z. Chen, Y. Q. Shi and X. S. Yao, "Fast digitally variable differential groupdelay module using polarization switching", in OFC 2002, Anaheim, CA, Mar. <day>17-22</day> 2002,Postdeadline Paper FA5-1.
  9. H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson and L. E. Nelson, "Polarization-mode dispersion," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV-B: Systems and Impairments, I. P. Kaminow, and T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002, pp. 725-861.
  10. H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson and P. A. Andrekson, "A comparison between different PMD compensation techniques", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 368-378, Mar. 2002.
  11. X. Zhang, L. Yu, Y. Zheng, Y. Shen, G. Zhou, L. Xi and B. Yang, "Adaptive PMD compensation using PSO algorithm", in OFC 2004, Los Angeles, CA, Feb. <day>22-27</day> 2004,Paper ThF1.
  12. S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Boerner, A. Wietfeld, B. Schmauss, J. Berger, C. Schubert, G. Unterboersch and H. G. Weber, "Comparison of DPSK and OOK modulation format in a 160 Gb/s transmission system", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 1458-1459, Oct. 2003.
  13. M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud and P. A. Andrekson, "A comparison of different PMD-compensation techniques", in Proc. ECOC, vol. II, 2000, pp. 33- 35.
  14. T. Miyazaki, M. Daikoku, I. Morita, T. Otani, Y. Nagao, M. Suzuki and F. Kubota, "Stable 160-Gb/s DPSK transmission using a simple PMD compensator on the field photonic network testbed of JGN II", in OECC/COIN 2004, Yokohama, Japan,Jul. <day>12-16 </day> 2004,Postdeadline Paper PD1-3.

Other (14)

H. Buelow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin and T. Wehren, "PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit-s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 163-164, Jan. 2000.

F. Buchali, W. Baumert, M. Schmidt and H. Buelow, "Dynamic distortion compensation in a 160 Gb/s RZ OTDM system: Adaptive 2 stage PMD compensation", in OFC 2003, Atlanta, GA, Mar. <day>23-28</day> 2003,Paper ThY1.

H. Rosenfeldt, C. Knothe, R. Ulrich, E. Brinkmeyer, U. Feiste, C. Schubert, J. Berger, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber and A. Ehrhardt, "Automatic PMD compensation at 40 Gbit/s and 80 Gbit/s using a 3-dimensional DOP evaluation for feedback", in OFC 2001, Anaheim, CA, Mar. <day>17-22</day> 2001,Postdeadline Paper PD27.

C. Francia, F. Bruy�re, J.-P. Thi�ry and D. Penninckx, "Simple dynamic polarization mode dispersion compensator", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 414-415, Mar. 1999.

G. Ishikawa and H. Ooi, "Polarization-mode dispersion sensitivity and monitoring in 40-Gbit/s OTDM and 10-Gbit/s NRZ transmission experiments", in OFC 1998, San Jose, CA, Feb. <day>22-27</day> 1998, Paper WC5.

S. Kieckbusch, S. Ferber, H. Rosenfeldt, R. Ludwig, C. Boerner, A. Ehrhardt, E. Brinkmeyer and H. G. Weber, "Adaptive PMD compensator in 160 Gb/s DPSK transmission over installed fiber", in OFC 2004, Los Angeles, CA, Feb. <day>22-27</day> 2004,Postdeadline Paper PDP31.

H. Sunnerud, M. Westlund, J. Li, J. Hansryd, M. Karlsson, P.-O. Hedekvist and P. A. Andrekson, "Long-term 160 Gb/s-TDM, RZ transmission with automatic PMD compensation and system monitoring using an optical sampling system Q -value", in ECOC 2001, Amsterdam, Netherlands,Jul. <day>8-12</day> 2001,Postdeadline Paper M.1.9.

L.-S. Yan, C. Yie, G. Yang, L. Lin, Z. Chen, Y. Q. Shi and X. S. Yao, "Fast digitally variable differential groupdelay module using polarization switching", in OFC 2002, Anaheim, CA, Mar. <day>17-22</day> 2002,Postdeadline Paper FA5-1.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson and L. E. Nelson, "Polarization-mode dispersion," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV-B: Systems and Impairments, I. P. Kaminow, and T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002, pp. 725-861.

H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson and P. A. Andrekson, "A comparison between different PMD compensation techniques", J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 20, pp. 368-378, Mar. 2002.

X. Zhang, L. Yu, Y. Zheng, Y. Shen, G. Zhou, L. Xi and B. Yang, "Adaptive PMD compensation using PSO algorithm", in OFC 2004, Los Angeles, CA, Feb. <day>22-27</day> 2004,Paper ThF1.

S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Boerner, A. Wietfeld, B. Schmauss, J. Berger, C. Schubert, G. Unterboersch and H. G. Weber, "Comparison of DPSK and OOK modulation format in a 160 Gb/s transmission system", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 1458-1459, Oct. 2003.

M. Karlsson, H. Sunnerud and P. A. Andrekson, "A comparison of different PMD-compensation techniques", in Proc. ECOC, vol. II, 2000, pp. 33- 35.

T. Miyazaki, M. Daikoku, I. Morita, T. Otani, Y. Nagao, M. Suzuki and F. Kubota, "Stable 160-Gb/s DPSK transmission using a simple PMD compensator on the field photonic network testbed of JGN II", in OECC/COIN 2004, Yokohama, Japan,Jul. <day>12-16 </day> 2004,Postdeadline Paper PD1-3.

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