Abstract

A 120-Gb/s optical link (12 channels at 10 Gb/s/ch for both a transmitter and a receiver) has been demonstrated. The link operated at a bit-error rate of less than 10^-12 with all channels operating and with a total fiber length of 316 m, which comprises 300 m of next-generation (OM-3) multimode fiber (MMF) plus 16 m of standard-grade MMF. This is the first time that a parallel link with this bandwidth at this per-channel rate has ever been demonstrated. For the transmitter, an SiGe laser driver was combined with a GaAs vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) array. For the receiver, the signal from a GaAs photodiode array was amplified by a 12-channel SiGe receiver integrated circuit. Key to the demonstration were several custom testing tools, most notably a 12-channel pattern generator. The package is very similar to the commercial parallel modules that are available today, but the per-channel bit rate is three times higher than that for the commercial modules. The new modules demonstrate the possibility of extending the parallel-optical module technology that is available today into a distance-bandwidth product regime that is unattainable for copper cables.

© 2004 IEEE

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Other (28)

[Online]. Available: www.infinibandta.org

J. D. Crow, "Optical interconnects today", presented at the 14th Annu. Workshop Interconnections Within High Speed Digital Systems, Santa Fe, NM, Paper PLE2, May 4-7, 2003.

R. Michalzik, K. J. Ebeling, M. Kicherer, F. Mederer, R. King, H. Unold and R. Jager, "High-performance VCSEL's for optical data links", IEICE Trans. Commun. (Japan), vol. E85-B, no. 5, pp. 1255-1264, May 2001.

Honeywell 10 Gb/s white paper. [Online]. Available: http://content.honeywell.com/vcsel/pdf/10GWhitePaper.pdf

IEEE Standard 802.3ae, June 2002 .

C. Cook, J. E. Cunningham, A. Hargrove, G. G. Ger, K. W. Goossen, W. Y. Jan, H. H. Kim, R. Krause, M. Manges, M. Morrissey, M. Perinpanayagam, A. Persaud, G. J. Shevchuk, V. Sinyansky and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, "A 36-channel parallel optical interconnect module based on optoelectronics-on-VLSI technology", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 9, pp. 387-399, Mar.-Apr. 2003.

K. Giboney, J. Simon, L. Mirkarimi, B. Law, G. Flower, S. Corzine, M. Leary, A. Tandon, C. Kocot, S. Rana, A. Grot, K.-J. Lee, L. Buckman and D. Dolty, "Next-generation parallel-optical data links", in Proc. 14th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Society, 2001 (LEOS 2001), vol. 2, Nov. 12-13 2001, pp. 859-860.

A. Schild, H.-M. Rein, J. Müllrich, L. Altenhain, J. Blank and K. Schrödinger, "High-gain SiGe transimpedance amplifier array for a 12 × 10 Gb/s parallel optical-fiber link", IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 38, pp. 4-12, Jan. 2003.

A. Schild, H.-M. Rein, J. Mullrich, L. Altenhain, J. Blank and K. Schrodinger, "Amplifier array for 12 parallel 10 Gb/s optical-fiber links fabricated in a SiGe production technology", in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits (RFIC) Symp., Dig. Tech. Papers 2002,, pp. 89-92.

M. Shishikura, T. Ban, H. Ichikawa, T. Ido, M. Takahashi, K. Nakahara, E. Nomoto, Y. Matsmoka, K. Ishikawa, K. Ito, R. Takeyari, H. Sano, T. Hirose, H. Takahashi, T. Nagara, H. Chiba and S. Irikura, "10 Gbit/s per channel parallel optical transmitter and receiver modules for high-capacity interconnects", in Proc. 53rd Electronic Components Technology Conf., 2003, May 27-30 2003, pp. 1040-1045.

T. Sakamoto, N. Sato, S. Koike, K. Hadama, N. Kukutsu, T. Hashimoto and T. Ohyama, "4 Channel × 10 Gbit/s parallel optical module for short reach optical links", in Proc. 16th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2003), vol. 2, 2003, pp. 567 -568.

K. Kurata, I. Hatakeyama, K. Miyoshi, T. Shimuizu, J. Sasaki, M. Kurihara and K. Yamamoto, "Opto-electronic packaging techniques for interconnection", in Proc. 16th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2003), vol. 1, Oct. 26-30 2003, pp. 364- 365.

Harting Inc. website on Pareos. [Online]. Available: http://www.harting.com

R. Michalzik, G. Giaretta, K. W. Goossen, J. A. Walker and M. C. Nuss, "40 Gb/s coarse WDM data transmission with 825 nm wavelength VCSEL's over 310 m of high performance multimode fiber", in 26th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC 2000), vol. 4, .

J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy and W. Y. Jan, "36-channel, 120 Gigabit/s parallel optical interconnect", in Proc. 16th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2003), vol. 1, Oct. 26-30 2003, pp. 156-157.

A. Joseph, et al. "A 0.18 µm BiCMOS technology featuring 120/100 GHz (fT/fmax) HBT and ASIC-compatible CMOS using copper interconnect", in IEEE Proc. Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits Technology Meeting (BCTM), 2001, pp. 143 -146.

E. M. Cherry and D. E. Hooper, "The design of wideband transistor feedback amplifiers", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., vol. 110, pp. 375-389, Feb. 1963.

"IEEE Standard for Low-Voltage Differential Signals (LVDS) for Scalable Coherent Interface (SCI)-Description", IEEE Standard 1596.3, 1996.

W. Klein and B.-U. H. Klepser, "75 GHz bipolar production technology for the 21st century", in Proc. ESSDERC, 1999, pp. 88 -94.

[Online]. Available: http://www.snapoptics.org

(2002) MEG-Array Connector System, Datasheet and Application Notes. FCI USA, Etters, PA. [Online]. Available: http://www.fciconnect.com

Pyralux R AP, Tecnical Information, DuPont. (2003), Wilmington, DE. [Online]. Available: http://www.dupont.com/fcm/products/H-73241.html

C. Schuster, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, Y. H. Kwark and L. Graham, "Electrical interconnect design and optimization for 120 Gbps parallel optical transmitter module and test station", in Proc. 7th IEEE Workshop Signal Propagation on Interconnects , 2003, pp. 133-136.

L. Shan, D. Kuchta and Y. Kwark, "A method of multi-node thermal network extraction for SPICE compatible simulations", in Proc. 53rd Electronic Components Technology Conf. 2003, May 27-30 2003, pp. 1631-1635.

D. W. Dolti, "Multi-channel optical interconnects for short-reach applications", in Proce. 53rd Electronic Components Technology Conf. 2003 , May 27-30 2003, pp. 1032-1039.

"Collection and Reduction of Two-Dimensional Nearfield Data", TIA/EIA Fiber Optic Test Procedure 203, 2001.

"Detail Specification for 850-nm Laser-Optimized,50-µm Core Diameter/125-µm Cladding Diameter Class Ia Graded-Index Multimode Optical Fibers", TIA-492AAAC-A, 2003.

Gbs/ vendors, private communication, Mar. 2003.

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