Abstract

A parallel-optical interconnect with 12 channels operating at 8.5 Gb/s giving an aggregate data rate of 102 Gb/s is demonstrated, to the authors' knowledge, for the first time. The paper describes and demonstrates 13 × 16-mm cross-section 12-channel parallel-optic transmitter and receiver modules with each channel operating at a data rate of 8.5-10 Gb/s. This was achieved using bottom-emitting 990-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers and bottom-illuminated InGaAs-InP photodetectors flip-chip bonded directly to 12-channel transmitter and receiver integrated circuits, respectively. In addition, 102-Gb/s link results are demonstrated over 100 m of 50-µm-core standard multimode ribbon fiber. A bit-error ratio of < 10^-13 was measured on a single channel after transmission through 100 m of multimode fiber at a data rate of 8.5 Gb/s with all 12 channels operating simultaneously.

© 2004 IEEE

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Other (18)

Agilent Technologies, Inc., HFBR-779B/HFBR-789B and HFBR-772B/HFBR-782B. (2000-2004) [Online]. Available: www.agilent.com/view/paralleloptics

P. Rosenberg, K. Giboney, A. Yuen, J. Straznicky, D. Haritos, L. Buckman, R. Schneider, S. Corzine, F. Kiamilev and D. Dolfi, "The PONI-1 parallel-optical link", in Proc. 49th Electronic Components Technology Conf., 1999, pp. 763-769.

K. Giboney, P. Rosenberg, A. Yuen, J. Straznicky, S. Corzine, L. Buckman and D. Dolfi, "The PONI optoelectronic platform", presented at the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society 1999 Annu. Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8-11, 1999.

A. Schild, H.-M. Rein, J. Mullrich, L. Altenhain, J. Blank and K. Schrodinger, "High-gain SiGe transimpedance amplifier array for a 12 × 10 Gb/s parallel optical-fiber link", IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 38, pp. 4 -12, Jan. 2003.

D. Wiedenmann, R. King, C. Jung, R. Jager, R. Michalzik, P. Schnitzer, M. Kicherer and K. J. Ebeling, "Design and analysis of single-mode oxidized VCSEL's for high-speed optical interconnects", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 5, pp. 503-511, May/June 1999.

D. Kuchta, Y. Kwark, C. Schuster, C. Baks, C. Haymes, J. Schaub, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Jewell, L. Graham and D. Kucharski, "120 Gb/s VCSEL based parallel optical transmitter and custom 120 Gb/s testing station", presented at the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society 2003 Annu. Meeting, Tucson, AZ, Oct. 26-30, 2003.

K. Giboney, J. Simon, L. Mirkarimi, B. Law, G. Flower, S. Corzine, M. Leary, A. Tandon, C. Kocot, S. Rana, A. Grot, K. J. Lee, L. Buckman and D. Dolfi, "Next-generation parallel-optical data links", presented at the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society 2001 Annu. Meeting, San Diego, CA, Nov. 12-15 , 2001.

K. S. Giboney, P. K. Rosenberg and A. T. Yuen, "Integrated packaging system for optical communications devices that provides automatic alignment with optical fibers", U.S. Patent 6 318 909 B1, Nov. 20, 2001.

K. Giboney and J. Simon, "Chip-mounted enclosure", U.S. Patent 6 351 027 B1, Feb. 26, 2002.

J. Simon, K. Giboney and L. Buckman, "Thermal packaging of piggyback VCSELs for GBd optical communications modules", presented at the SPIE Photonics West 2001, Photonics Packaging and Integration III, San Jose, CA, Jan. 24 , 2001.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy and K. W. Goosen, "Optoelectronic-VLSI: photonics integrated with VLSI circuits", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 4, pp. 899-912, Nov./Dec. 1998.

10 Gb/s Link Budget Spreadsheet (Version 3.1.16a). IEEE P802.3ae 10 GB/s Ethernet Task Force. [Online]. Available: http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/3/ae/public/index.html

L. Buckman, D. W. Dolfi and A. Schmit, "Results of differential mode delay measurements at 980 nm wavelength on high bandwidth multimode fiber", Agilent Laboratories, Palo Alto, CA, pt. 1, (internal rep.), Dec. 2001.

J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy and W. Y. Jan, "36-channel, 120 Gigabit/s parallel optical interconnect", presented at the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society 2003 Annu. Meeting, Tucson, AZ, Oct. 26-30 , 2003.

C.-K. Lin and P. D. Dapkus, "Uniform wafer-bonded oxide-confined bottom-emitting 850-nm VCSEL arrays on sapphire substrates", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 263-265, Apr. 2001.

C. L. Coleman, Y. Chen, X. Wang, H. Welch and B. TeKolste, "Diffractive optics in a parallel fiber transmitter module", in OSA Trends Optics Photonics (TOPS), Diffractive Optics Micro-Optics Tech. Dig., Postconf. Ed., vol. 75, Washington, DC, 2002, pp. 249-252.

D. A. Zeze, R. D. Forrest, J. D. Carey, D. C. Cox, I. D. Robertson, B. L. Weiss and S. R. P. Silva, "Reactive ion etching of quartz and Pyrex for microelectronic applications", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 92, pp. 3624-3629, Oct. 2002.

P. R. Gray and R. G. Meyer, Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits, New York: Wiley, 1977, ch. 11.

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