Abstract

This paper investigates rational harmonically mode-locked fiber ring lasers generating amplitude-stabilized fourth-order optical pulse trains at 13.91 GHz using a modulation signal frequency of 3.477 GHz. Pulse amplitude stabilization in terms of both amplitude equality and low amplitude noise is realized by using the nonlinear characteristics of a Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator in conjunction with intracavity optical filtering. The generated optical pulse trains are investigated for their amplitude equalization,amplitude noise, supermode noise suppression, and pulse timing jitter. It is shown that the pulses remained close to transform-limited over an operating wavelength range of 1535-1565 nm.

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J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (39)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida and Y. Kimura, "Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively mode-locked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 19, pp. 1603-1605, Sept. 1994.

X. Shan, D. Cleland and A. Ellis, "Stabilising Er-fiber soliton laser with pulse phase locking", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 182-184, Jan. 1992.

X. Shan and D. M. Spirit, "Novel method to suppress noise in harmonically mode-locked erbium fiber lasers", Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 11, pp. 979-981, May 1993.

X. Shan, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis and A. S. Siddiqui, "Very simple method to stabilise mode-locked erbium fiber lasers", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 1015-1016, May 1996.

M. Y. Jeon, H. K. Lee, J. T. Ahn, D. S. Lim, H. Y. Kim, K. H. Kim, and E. H. Lee, "External fiber laser based pulse amplitude equalization scheme for rational harmonic modelocking in a ring-type fiber laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 182-184, 1998.

K. K. Gupta, N. Onodera and M. Hyodo, "Technique to generate equal amplitude, higher-order optical pulses in rational harmonically modelocked fiber ring laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 15, pp. 948-950, 2001 .

H. Schmuck, "Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 1848-1849, Oct. 1995.

D. Von der Linde, "Characterization of noise in continuously operating mode-locked laser", Appl. Phys. B, vol. 39, pp. 201-217, 1986.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell and D. M. Bloom, "Noise characterization of femtosecond Raman soliton laser", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 25, pp. 280-288, Mar. 1989.

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean and W. Sibbett, "Noise characterization of mode-locked color-centre laser sources", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 26, pp. 1115-1123, June 1990 .

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, I. Shake and K. Mori, "3 Tbit/s (160 Gbit/s x 19 channel) optical TDM and WDM transmission experiment", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 19, pp. 826-827, 1999.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto and K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third-and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2027-2029, Nov. 2000.

E. Yoshida, N. Shimizu and M. Nakazawa, "A 40-GHz 0.9-ps regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser with a tuning range of 1530-1560 nm", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1587-1589, Dec. 1999.

B. Bakshi and P. A. Andrekson, "40 GHz actively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 411-413, 2000.

P. G. J. Wigly, L. H. Acioli and J. R. Taylor, "Modulational instability from a mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser", Opt. Commun., vol. 82, no. 3/4, pp. 342 -344, 1991.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, "Low-threshold 115 GHz continuous-wave modulational-instability erbium-doped fiber laser", Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 18, pp. 1409-1411, Sept. 1997.

J. J. O'Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann and R. Hofstetter, "Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimeter wave signals", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 25, pp. 2309-2311, Dec. 1992.

J. J. O'Reilly and P. M. Lane, "Fiber-supported optical generation and delivery of 60 GHz signals", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 1329-1330, 1994.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari and K. Noguchi, "Generation of highly stable 20 GHz transform-limited optical pulses from actively mode-locked Er3+-doped fiber lasers with an all-polarization maintaining ring cavity", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 22, pp. 2095-2096, Oct. 1992.

T.Th. Pfeiffer and G. Veith, "40 GHz pulse generation using a widely tunable all polarization preserving erbium fiber ring laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 21, pp. 1849-1850, 1993.

K. K. Gupta and D. Novak, "Millimeter-wave repetition-rate optical pulse train generation in harmonically modelocked fiber ring laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 1330-1331, 1997.

K. S. Abedin, M. Hyodo and N. Onodera, "154 GHz polarization-maintaining dispersion-managed actively modelocked fiber ring laser", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 1185-1186, 2000.

K. K. Gupta, N. Onodera, K. S. Abedin and M. Hyodo, "Pulse repetition frequency multiplication via intra-cavity optical filtering in AM mode-locked fiber ring lasers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 284-286, Mar. 2002.

Z. Ahmed and N. Onodera, "High-repetition rate optical pulse generation by frequency multiplication in actively mode-locked fiber ring lasers", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 455-457, 1996.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, "80~200 GHz erbium doped fiber laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 1370-1372, 1996.

C. Wu and N. K. Datta, "High-repetition-rate optical pulse generation using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber laser", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 36, pp. 145-150, Feb. 2000.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers, Mill Valley, CA: Univ. Science Books, 1986, ch. 5.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi and M. Saruwatari, "High-repetition rate optical pulse generation by using chirped optical pulses", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 792-793, Apr. 1998.

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas and D. J. Richardson, "Generation of a 40 GHz pulse stream by pulse multiplication with a sampled fiber Bragg grating", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 521-523, 2000.

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, M. Belmonte, B. Agogliati, L. Arcangeli, V. Pruneri, M. N. Zervas and M. Ibsen, "40-GHz pulse-train generation at 1.5 µm with a chirped fiber grating as a frequency multiplier", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 19, pp. 1481-1483, 2000.

J. Azana, R. Slavik, P. Kockaert, L. R. Chen and S. LaRochelle, "Generation of ultra-high repetition rate optical pulse bursts by means of fiber Bragg gratings operating in transmission", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, no. 24, pp. 1555-1556, 2002 .

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii and K. Okamoto, "Generation of high-repetition-rate WDM pulse trains from an arrayed-waveguide grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 221-223, Mar. 2001.

D. E. Leaired, A. M. Weiner, S. Kamei, M. Ishii, A. Sugita and K. Okamoto, "Generation of flat-topped 500-GHz pulse bursts using loss engineered arrayed waveguide gratings", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 816-818, June 2002.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor and R. Kashyap, "Integrated all optical fiber source of multigigahertz soliton pulse train", Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 20, pp. 1788-1789, 1993.

E. A. Swanson, S. R. Chinn, K. Hall, K. A. Rauschenbach, R. S. Bondurant and J. W. Miller, "100-GHz soliton pulse train generation using soliton compression of two phase sidebands from a single DFB laser", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, pp. 1194-1196, Oct. 1994 .

E. A. Swanson and S. R. Chinn, "40-GHz pulse train generation using soliton compression of a Mach-Zehnder modulator output", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 114-116, Jan. 1995.

S. V. Chernikove and J. R. Taylor, "Multi-gigabit/s pulse source based on the switching of an optical beat signal in nonlinear fiber loop mirror", Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 658-660, 1993.

W. H. Cao and P. K. A. Wai, "Soliton-like pulse train generation using a nonlinear optical loop mirror constructed from dispersion decreasing fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1427-1429, Oct. 2002.

T. Sizer, "Increase in laser repetition rate by spectral selection", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 25, pp. 97-103, Jan. 1989 .

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