Abstract

This paper presents the design and fabrication of a novel shear-force sensor using fiber Bragg grating (FBG) as the sensing element. The basic design consists of layers of carbon composite material (CCM) with an embedded FBG. A deformable layer of silicon rubber between the layers of CCM allows the applied shear force to change the grating periodicity and, hence, the reflected Bragg wavelength. The shift in the reflected Bragg wavelength shows a linear variation with the applied shear force. A theoretical model is established to study the shear sensing ability. In addition, numerical modeling is also carried out by the finite-element method (FEM). The experimental results are found to be in good agreement with the theoretical predictions as well as the FEM results. In this paper, the basic concept of shear-force measurement using FBG and related theoretical model and FEM simulation results are discussed together with experimental verification.

© 2004 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. David, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 1442-1463, Aug. 1997.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (17)

K. O. Hill, F. Fuji, D. C. Johnson and B. S. Kawasaki, "Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: Application to reflection filter fabrication", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 647-649, 1978.

X. Wan and H. F. Taylor, "Fiber Bragg grating pair interferometer sensor with improved multiplexing capacity and high resolution", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 742-744, May 2003.

S. C. Tjin, J. Hao, Y. Z. Lam, Y. C. Ho and B. K. Ng, "A pressure sensor using fiber Bragg grating", Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 59-69, 2001.

H. B. Liu, H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng and P. L. Chu, "Strain and temperature sensor using a combination of polymer and silica fiber Bragg gratings", Opt. Commun., vol. 219, pp. 139-142, 2003.

K. I. Akasofu and M. R. Neuman, "A thin film variable capacitance shear force sensor for medical and robotics applications", in Proc. Annu. Int. Conf. IEEE Engineering Medicine Biology Society, vol. 13, 1991, pp. 1601-1602.

F. Zhu and J. W. Spronck, "A capacitive tactile sensor for shear and normal force measurement", Sens. Actuators A, Phys., vol. 31, pp. 115-120, 1992.

L. H. Chen, S. Jin and T. H. Tiefel, "Tactile shear sensing using anisotropically conductive polymer", Appl. Phys. Lett, vol. 62, no. 19, pp. 2440-2442, 1993.

A. C. Troy and C. L. Ren, "A thin film capacitive tactile normal/shear force array sensor", in Proc. IEEE-IECON, 21st Int. Conf. Industrial Electronics, Control Instrumentation, vol. 2, 1995, pp. 1196-1201.

A. M. Lebar, G. F. Harris, H. Zhu, J. J. Wertsch and H. Zhu, "A optoelectric plantar shear sensing transducer: Design, validation and preliminary subject tests", IEEE Trans. Rehab. Eng., vol. 4, pp. 310-319, Dec. 1996.

T. Zielinska, "Shear force sensor for robots", in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Industrial Electronics, vol. 1, June 1996, pp. 49-52.

F. Zee, E. G. M. Holweg, W. Jongkind and G. Honderd, "Shear force measurement using a rubber based tactile matrix sensor", in Proc. IEEE 10th Int. Conf. Advanced Robotics, July 1997, pp. 733-738.

W. Lin and J. B. David, "A silicon-based shear force sensor: Development and characterization", Sens. Actuators A, vol. 84, pp. 33-44, 2000 .

M. Shikida, T. Shimizu, K. Sato and K. Itoigawa, "Active tactile sensor for detecting contact force and hardness of an object", Sens. Actuators A, Phys., vol. 103, pp. 213-218, 2003.

S. C. Tjin, Y. Wang, X. Sun, P. Moyo and J. M. W. Brownjohn, "Application of quasidistributed fiber Bragg gratings sensors in reinforced concrete structures", Meas. Sci. Technol., vol. 13, pp. 583-589, 2002.

C. Seo and T. Kim, "Temperature sensing with different coated metals on fiber Bragg grating sensors", Microwave Opt. Tech. Lett., vol. 21, pp. 162-165, 1999.

"ANSYS User's Guide for Revision 5.5", ANSYS, Inc., Canonsburg, PA, 1998.

K. J. Bathe, Finite Element Procedures, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1996.

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