Abstract

Transmission performance of ultra-dense 2.5-and 10-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero intensity-modulated direct-detection wavelength-division-multiplexing systems in various single-mode fibers is investigated. Fundamental limiting factors and their remedies by using optimum dispersion compensation for periodically amplified systems in C band are presented.

© 2004 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Other (16)

A. Cartaxo, "Cross-phase modulation in intensity modulation-direct detection WDM systems with multiple optical amplifiers and dispersion compensators", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 17, pp. 178-190, Feb. 1999.

A. R. Chraplyvy and R. W. Tkach, "Treabit/second transmission experiments", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 34, pp. 2103-2108, Sept. 1998.

I. Lyubomirsky, T. Qui, J. Roman, M. Nayfeh, M. Y. Frankel and M. G. Taylor, "Interplay of fiber nonlinearity and optical filtering in ultradense WDM", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 147-149, Jan. 2003.

T. Tsuritani, A. Agata, I. Morita, K. Tanaka and N. Edagawa, "Performance comparison between DSB and VSB signals in 20 Gbit/s-based ultra-long-haul WDM systems", in Optical Fiber Communications (OFC 2001) Tech. Dig., 2001, Paper MM5.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28 Tb/s (512-channel × 2.5 Gbps) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 405 -408, Mar. 2002.

G. Vareille, F. Pitel and J. F. Marcerou, "3 Tbit/s (300 × 11.6 Gbit/s) transmission over 7380 km using C+L band with 25 GHz channel spacing and NRZ format", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC 2001), vol. 4, 2001,Postdeadline Paper PD22 -P1-3.

C. R. Davidson, C. J. Chen, M. Nissov, A. Pilipetskii, N. Ramanujam, H. D. Kidorf, B. Pedersen, M. A. Mills, C. Lin, M. I. Hayee, J. X. Cai, A. B. Puc, P. C. Corbett, R. Menges, H. Li, A. Elyamani, C. Rivers and N. S. Bergano, "1800 Gbps transmission of one hundred and eighty 10 Gbps WDM channels over 7, 000 km using the full EDFA C-band", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC 2000) , 2000,Postdeadline Paper PD25.

L. Leng, S. Stulz, B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, B. Edvold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, S. Radic, J. Centanni and A. Gnauck, "1.6 Tb/s (160 × 10.7 Gbps) transmission over 4000 km of nonZERO dispersion fiber at 25-GHz channel spacing", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1153-1155, Aug. 2003.

S. B. Jun, K. J. Park and Y. C. Chung, "Transmission of 2.5-Gbps WDM channels spaced at 5 GHz over 480 km of single-mode fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1309-1311, September 2003.

S. Norimatsu and M. Maruoka, "Accurate Q -factor estimation of optically amplified systems in the presence of waveform distortions", J. Lightwave Technology, vol. 20, pp. 19-27, Jan. 2002.

T. Mizuochi, K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, K. Motoshima and K. Kasahara, "A comparative study of DPSK and OOK WDM transmission over transoceanic distances and their performance degradations due to nonlinear phase noise", J. Lightwave Technology , vol. 21, pp. 1933-1943, Sept. 2003.

H. Louchet, A. Hodzic and K. Petermann, "Analytical model for the performance evaluation of DWDM transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 1219-21, Sept. 2003.

C. J. Anderson and J. A. Lyle, "Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 71-72, Jan. 1994.

D. Schadt, "Effect of amplifier spacing on four-wave mixing in multichannel coherent communications", Electron. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1805-1807, Sept. 1991 .

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki and R. I. MacDonald, "CW three-wave mixing in single-mode optical fibers", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 49, pp. 5090-5106, 1978.

N. Shibata, R. P. Braun and R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. QE-23, pp. 1205-1210, July 1987.

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