Abstract

Performance of fiber-based optical signal regenerators consisting of a synchronous amplitude modulator, a highly nonlinear fiber, and an optical bandpass filter is analyzed. The regenerators are operated in two different schemes: one utilizes solitonlike pulse compression in anomalous-dispersion fiber and subsequent filtering, and the other utilizes spectrum broadening in normal-dispersion fiber and subsequent spectrum slicing. Regeneration performance is compared for the two schemes in terms of the shape of energy transfer function and abilities of noise and timing-jitter reduction. Although both types of regenerators show good regenerator performance, the one based on spectrum broadening and slicing has better ability to stabilize signal amplitude while requiring larger signal power launched into the nonlinear fiber. The effectiveness of the regenerators in single-channel quasi-linear highly dispersed pulse transmission and dispersion-managed soliton transmission is also numerically examined.

© 2004 IEEE

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Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (26)

N. J. Smith and N. J. Doran, "Picosecond soliton propagation using nonlinear optical loop mirrors as intensity filters", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 1084-1085, June 1994.

D. Rouvillain, F. Seguineau, L. Pierre, P. Brindel, H. Choumane, G. Aubin, J.-L. Oudar and O. Leclerc, "40 Gbit/s optical 2R regenerator based on passive saturable absorber for WDM long-haul transmissions", presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conf. (OFC2002), Postdeadline paper, 2002.

G. Raybon, Y. Su, J. Leuthold, R.-J. Essiambre, T. Her, C. Joergensen, P. Steinvurzed, K. Dreyer and K. Feder, "40 Gbit/s pseudo-linear transmission over one million kilometers", presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC2002), Postdeadline paper, 2002.

Z. Huang, A. Gray, Y. W. A. Lee, I. Khrushchev and I. Bennion, "40 Gb/s transmission over 4000 km of standard fiber using in-line nonlinear optical loop mirrors", in Proc. 29th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC2003), vol. 1, 2003, pp. 134-135.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota and K. Suzuki, "10 Gbit/s soliton data transmission over one million kilometers", Electron. Lett., vol. 27, pp. 1270-1272, July 1991.

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, "Generation of asymptotically stable optical solitons and suppression of the Gordon-Haus effect", Opt. Lett. , vol. 17, pp. 31-33, 1992.

M. Matsumoto, H. Ikeda and A. Hasegawa, "Suppression of noise accumulation in bandwidth-limited soliton transmission by means of nonlinear loop mirrors", Opt.Lett., vol. 19, pp. 183-185, 1994.

M. Matsumoto and O. Leclerc, "Analysis of a 2R optical regenerator utilizng self-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 576-577, 2002.

H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "Soliton transmission control in time and frequency domains", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 29, pp. 2189-2197, July 1993.

M. Matsumoto, "Polarization-mode dispersion mitigation by a fiber-based 2R regenerator combined with synchronous modulation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, pp. 290-292, Jan. 2004 .

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen and C. V. Shank, "Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 1, pp. 139-149, 1984.

O. K. Tonguz, "Impact of spontaneous emission noise on the sensitivity of direct-detection lightwave receivers using optical amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 26, pp. 1343-1344, Aug. 1990 .

R. J. Essiambre, G. Raybon and B. Mikkelsen, "Pseudo-linear transmission of high-speed TDM signals: 40 and 160 Gb/s," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I. Kaminow, and T. Li, Eds. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2002, ch. 6.

A. Hasegawa and M. Matsumoto, Optical Solitons in Fibers, 3rd ed. Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2002.

B.-E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau and D. J. Blumenthal, "A simple and robust 40-Gb/s wavelength converter using fiber cross-phase modulation and optical filtering", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 846-848, July 2000 .

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 849-851, July 2000.

D. Dahan, R. Alizon, A. Bilenca and G. Eisenstein, "Optical noise reduction in inter-band Raman mediated wavelength conversion", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 307-309, Feb. 2003.

M. Asobe, A. Hirano, Y. Miyamoto, K. Sato, K. Hagimoto and Y. Yamabayashi, "Noise reduction of 20 Gbit/s pulse train using spectrally filtered optical solitons", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1135-1136, May 1998.

B. Dany, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc and E. Desurvire, "Transoceanic 4 × 40 Gbit/s system combining dispersion-managed soliton transmission and new "black-box" in-line optical regeneration", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 418-419, Mar. 1999.

A. Sahara, T. Inui, T. Komukai, H. Kubota and M. Nakazawa, "40-Gb/s RZ transmission over transoceanic distance in a dispersion managed standard fiber using a new inline synchronous modulation method", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 720-722, June 2000 .

M. Matsumoto, "Analysis of optical regeneration utilizing self-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 319 -321, Mar. 2002.

P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect", in Proc. 1998 Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, 1998, pp. 475-476.

S. Taccheo and K. Ennser, "Investigation of amplitude noise and timing jitter of supercontinuum spectrum-sliced pulses", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1100-1102, Aug. 2002.

N. Yoshikane, I. Morita and N. Edagawa, "Improvement of dispersion tolerance by SPM-based all-optical reshaping in receiver", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 111-113, Jan. 2003 .

Y. Su, G. Raybon, R.-J. Essiambre and T.-H. Her, "All-optical 2R regeneration of 40-Gb/s signal impaired by intrachannel four-wave mixing", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 350-352, Feb. 2003 .

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic, 2001.

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