A wavelength-selective coupler constructed with two parallel identical uniform long-period fiber gratings (LPFGs) is analyzed by the coupled-mode theory. The effects of introducing a longitudinal offset distance between the two gratings on the transmission characteristics of the coupler are discussed and the conditions for achieving a 100% coupling efficiency are highlighted. It is found that 100% coupling can be achieved with a practical grating length by using a proper grating design and a suitable index-matching surrounding medium. The theoretical results agree well with the experimental data.
© 2004 IEEEPDF Article