Abstract

We summarize experimental and theoretical results for a compact (330 µm), low-loss on-chip InGaAsP-InP polarization converter. The converter, which contains a single asymmetric rib waveguide segment, exhibits a measured conversion efficiency of -16 dB and a response of ± 3 dB with a maximum excess loss of 0.02 dB over the entire wavelength region from 1530 to 1570 nm.

© 2004 IEEE

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  1. T. Ono and Y. Yano, "Key technologies for terabit/second WDM systems with high spectral efficiency of over 1 bit/s/Hz", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 34, pp. 2080-2088, Nov. 1998.
  2. W. Huang and Z. M. Mao, "Polarization rotation in periodic loaded rib waveguide", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 1825-1831, Dec. 1992 .
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  4. Z. M. Mao and W. P. Huang, "Analysis of polarization rotation in periodically loaded rib waveguide by transfer matrix method", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 12, pp. 768-773, May 1994.
  5. J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. S. Oei, F. H. Groen and I. Moerman, "Realization of a short integrated optic passive polarization converter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 893-895, Aug. 1995.
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  13. H. El-Refaei and D. Yevick, "Compact InGaAsP/InP polarization rotator", in Integrat. Photon. Res. Conf., July 2001.
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  21. M. Haruna, Y. Segawa and H. Nishihara, "Nondestructive and simple method of optical-waveguide loss measurement with optimization of end-fire coupling", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 17, pp. 1612-1613, Aug. 13, 1992.
  22. K. H. Park, M. W. Kim, Y. T. Byun, D. Woo, S. H. Kim, S. S. Choi, Y. Chung, W. R. Cho, S. H. Park and U. Kim, "Nondestructive propagation loss and facet reflectance measurements of GaAs/AlGaAs strip-loaded waveguides", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 78, no. 10, pp. 6318-6320, Nov. 15, 1995 .

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

W. W. Lui, et al. "Full-vectorial wave propagation in semiconductor optical bending waveguides and equivalent straight waveguide approximation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, pp. 910-914, May 1998.

W. Huang and Z. M. Mao, "Polarization rotation in periodic loaded rib waveguide", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 1825-1831, Dec. 1992 .

Other (20)

M. Gustavsson, "Analysis of polarization independent optical amplifiers and filters based on polarization rotation in periodically asymmetric waveguide", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 29, pp. 1168-1178, Apr. 1993.

Z. M. Mao and W. P. Huang, "Analysis of polarization rotation in periodically loaded rib waveguide by transfer matrix method", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 12, pp. 768-773, May 1994.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, J. W. Pedersen, E. G. Metaal, F. Hakimzadeh, Y. S. Oei, F. H. Groen and I. Moerman, "Realization of a short integrated optic passive polarization converter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 893-895, Aug. 1995.

C. van Dam, L. H. Spiekman, F. P. G. M. van Ham, F. H. Groen, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, I. Moerman, W. W. Pascher, M. Hamacher, H. Heidrich, C. M. Weinert and M. K. Smit, "Novel compact polarization converters based on ultra short bends", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1346-1348, Oct. 1996.

T. Ono and Y. Yano, "Key technologies for terabit/second WDM systems with high spectral efficiency of over 1 bit/s/Hz", IEEE J. Quantum Electron. , vol. 34, pp. 2080-2088, Nov. 1998.

W. W. Lui, et al. "Polarization rotation in semiconductor bending waveguides: A coupled-mode theory formulation", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 16, pp. 929-936, May 1998.

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. Azizur, K. T. V. Grattan and H. A. El-Mikati, "Beam propagation modeling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 681-683, July 2001.

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan and H. A. El-Mikati, "Improved design of a polarization converter based on semiconductor optical waveguide bends", Appl. Opt. , vol. 40, no. 30, pp. 5395-5401, Oct. 20, 2001.

M. Fontaine, "Cross-phase modulation phenomena in strongly guiding waveguides: A theoretical approach revised", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 964-971, Mar. 1998.

Z. Huan, R. Scarmozzino, G. Nagy, J. Steel and R. M. Osgood Jr., "Realization of a compact and single-mode optical passive polarization converter", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 317-319, Mar. 2000.

H. El-Refaei and D. Yevick, "Compact InGaAsP/InP polarization rotator", in Integrat. Photon. Res. Conf., July 2001.

H. El-Refaei and D. Yevick, "An optimized InGaAsP/InP polarization converter employing asymmetric rib waveguides", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, June 2003.

H. Deng, D. Yevick, C. Brooks and P. Jessop, "Design rules for slanted-angle polarization rotators", J. Lightwave Technol.,

D. Yevick, J. Yu, W. Bardyszewski and M. Glasner, "Stability issues in vector electric field propagation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 656-658, 1995.

D. Yevick, "The application of complex Padé approximants to vector field propagation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1636-1638, 2000.

P. Bhattacharya, Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall Int., 1994.

S. Adachi, Physical Properties of III-V Semiconductor Compounds (InP, InAs, GaAs, GaP,InGaAs, and InGaAsP), New York: Wiley, 1992.

F. Fiedler and A. Schlachetzk, "Optical parameters of InP-based waveguides", Solid State Electron., vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 73-83, 1987.

M. Haruna, Y. Segawa and H. Nishihara, "Nondestructive and simple method of optical-waveguide loss measurement with optimization of end-fire coupling", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 17, pp. 1612-1613, Aug. 13, 1992.

K. H. Park, M. W. Kim, Y. T. Byun, D. Woo, S. H. Kim, S. S. Choi, Y. Chung, W. R. Cho, S. H. Park and U. Kim, "Nondestructive propagation loss and facet reflectance measurements of GaAs/AlGaAs strip-loaded waveguides", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 78, no. 10, pp. 6318-6320, Nov. 15, 1995 .

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