Abstract

This paper discusses eye diagram measurement using asynchronous sampling. Simple bit error rate (BER) estimation from eye diagrams is performed. The use of high-speed asynchronous optoelectrical (OE) sampling enables the monitoring of fixed timing Q-factors to be performed simply.

© 2004 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Other (13)

I. Shake and H. Takara, "Transparent and flexible performance monitoring using amplitude histogram method", Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (OFC2002),, 2002.TuE1.

S. Ohteru and N. Takachio, "Optical signal quality monitor using direct Q-factor measurement", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1307-1309, 1999.

C. Schmidt, C. Schubert, J. Berger, M. Kroh, H.-J. Ehrke, E. Dietrich, C. Borner, R. Ludwig and H. G. Weber, "Optical Q-factor monitoring at 160 Gb/s using an optical sampling system in an 80 km transmission experiment", in Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics 2002 (CLEO 2002.), 2002, pp. 579-580.

G. Bendelli, C. Cavazzoni, R. Girardi and R. Lano, "Optical performance monitoring techniques", in Proc. 26th Euro. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC2000.), vol. 4, 2000, pp. 113-116.

R. Giles, "Monitoring the Optical Network", in Proc. Symp. Optical Fiber Measurement, 2002, pp. 19-24.

M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, J. Hansryd, J. Li, P. O. Hedekvist and P. A. Andrekson, "All-optical synchronous Q-measurements for ultra-high speed transmission systems", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002 (OFC2002), 2002.

C. M. Weinert, C. Caspar, M. Konitzer and M. Rohde, "Histogram method for identification and evaluation of crosstalk", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 6, 2000.

I. Shake, H. Takara, S. Kawanishi and Y. Yamabayashi, "Optical signal quality monitoring method based on optical sampling", Electron. Lett., vol. 34, no. 22, pp. 2152-2154, 1998.

N. Hanik, A. Gladisch, C. Caspar and B. Strebel, "Application of amplitude histograms to monitor performance of optical channels", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 403-404, 1999.

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, K. Studer and W. R. Leeb, "Bit error probability estimation algorithm for signal supervision in all-optical networks", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 20, pp. 1754-1755, 1999.

C. M. Weinert, C. Schmidt and H. G. Weber, "Application of asynchronous amplitude histograms for performance monitoring of RZ signals", Proc. OFC2001,, 2002.WDD41.

L. Noirie, F. Cerou, G. Moustakides, O. Audouin and P. Peloso, "New transparent optical monitoring of the eye and BER using asynchronous under-sampling of the signal", Proc. ECOC2002, PD 2.2.

I. Shake, H. Takara and S. Kawanishi, "Simple Q factor monitoring for BER estimation using opened eye diagrams captured by high-speed asynchronous electrooptical sampling", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 620 -622, 2003.

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