Abstract

Design, test, and performance requirement and analysis for a polarization-mode-dispersion compensator (PMDC) with four degrees of freedom is presented. The performance is analyzed on the basis of time-integrated and time-resolved bit-error ratio (BER) measurements. Signal impairments are generated by both, first-and higher-order emulators. The probability distributions of bit errors measured over many one second intervals exhibit very long tails. Therefore even a PMDC with a good average BER performance may result in a significant total outage time for a given system.

© 2004 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. Belahlou, et al. "Fiber design considerations for 40 Gb/s systems", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 20, pp. 2290-2305, Dec. 2002.
  2. T. Takahashi, T. Imai and M. Akai, "Automatic compensation technique for timewise fluctuating polarization mode dispersion in in-line amplifier systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 348-349, Feb. 1994.
  3. F. Heismann, D. A. Fishman and D. L. Wilson, "Automatic compensation of first-order polarization mode dispersion in a 10 Gb/s transmission system", in Proc. 24th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication , Madrid, Spain, 1998, pp. 529-530.
  4. W. Shieh, H. Haunstein, B. McKay, D. Fishman, A. Golubchik, J. Diubaldi, C. Martell, V. Arya, R. Lee and H. Choudhury, "Dynamic polarization-mode-dispersion compensation in WDM systems", in Proc. 26th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, 2000, pp. 41-43.
  5. S. Lanne, W. Idler, J.-P. Thiéry and J.-P. Hamaide, "Demonstration of adaptive PMD compensation at 40 Gb/s", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2001, pp. TuP3-1-TuP3-4.
  6. F. Buchali, S. Lanne, J.-P. Thiéry, W. Baumert and H. Bülow, "Fast eye monitor for 10 Gbit/s and its application for optical PMD compensation", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2001, pp. TuP5-1-TuP5-3.
  7. J. Nagel, M. Chbat, L. Garrett, J. Soigné, N. Weaver, B. Desthieux, H. Bülow, A. McCormick and R. Derosier, "Long-term PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s and time dynamics over high-PMD installed fiber", in Proc. 26th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication , 2000, pp. 31-32.
  8. F. Buchali, W. Baumert, M. Schmidt and H. Bülow, "Dynamic distortion compensation in a 160 Gb/a RZ OTDM system: Adaptive 2 stage PMD compensation", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2003, ThY1,. pp. 589-590.
  9. F. Buchali, W. Baumert and H. Bülow, "Adaptive 1 and 2 stage PMD-compensators for 40 Gbit/s transmission using eye monitor feedback", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2003, pp. 262-264.
  10. "International Telecommunications Union Standards", ITU G.827, ITU G.828,
  11. H. Buelow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Kueppers and W. Weiershausen, "Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, 1999,WE4,. pp. 83-85.
  12. W. Shieh, "Accelerated outage probability testing for PDM induced impairment", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1364-1366, 2000.
  13. D. A. Watley, K. S. Farley, W. S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B. J. Shaw and A. P. Hadjifotiou, "Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2000, pp. 37-39.
  14. M. W. Chbat, J.-P. Soigné, T. Fuerst, J. T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Février, B. M. Desthieux, A. H. Bush and D. Penninckx, "Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 1999,, Postdeadline paper PD12.
  15. J. A. Nagel, M. W. Chbat, L. D. Garrett, J.-P. Soigné, N. A. Weaver, B. M. Desthieux, H. Bülow, A. R. McCormick and R. M. Derosier, "Long-term PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s and time dynamics over high-PMD installed fiber", in Proc. ECOC 2000,, 4.2.1,. pp. 31- 32.
  16. H. Rosenfeldt, R. Ulrich, U. Fieste, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber and A. Ehrhardt, "PMD compensation in 10 Gbit/s NRZ field experiment using polarimetric error signal", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 448-450, 2000.
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. New York: Wiley, 1992.
  18. I. T. Lima, G. Biondini, B. Marks, W. L. Kath and C. R. Menyuk, "Analysis of polarization-mode dispersion compensators using importance sampling", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2001, pp. M04-1-MO4-3.
  19. M. A. Smith and R. A. Chipman, "Comparison of different PMD compensator configurations based on outage probability", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002,, WI2,. pp. 233-234.
  20. S. Betti, F. Curti, B. Daino, G. De Marchis, E. Iannone and F. Metara, "Evolution of the bandwidth of the principle states of polarization in single-mode fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 467-469, 1991.
  21. G. J. Foschini, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson and H. Kogelnik, "Probability densities of second-order polarization mode dispersion including polarization dependent chromatic fiber dispersion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 293-295, 2000.
  22. R. Khosravani, I. T. Lime, P. Ebrahmi, E. Ibragimov, A. E. Willner and C. R. Menyuk, "Time and frequency domain characteristics of polarization-mode dispersion emulators", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 127-129, 2001.
  23. V. Chernyak, et al. "PMD induced fluctuations of bit-error-rate in fiber optic systems", J. Lightwave Technol. (Special Issue on Polarization-Mode Dispersion), vol. 22, pp. 1155-1168, Apr. 2004.

Other (23)

Belahlou, et al. "Fiber design considerations for 40 Gb/s systems", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 20, pp. 2290-2305, Dec. 2002.

T. Takahashi, T. Imai and M. Akai, "Automatic compensation technique for timewise fluctuating polarization mode dispersion in in-line amplifier systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 348-349, Feb. 1994.

F. Heismann, D. A. Fishman and D. L. Wilson, "Automatic compensation of first-order polarization mode dispersion in a 10 Gb/s transmission system", in Proc. 24th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication , Madrid, Spain, 1998, pp. 529-530.

W. Shieh, H. Haunstein, B. McKay, D. Fishman, A. Golubchik, J. Diubaldi, C. Martell, V. Arya, R. Lee and H. Choudhury, "Dynamic polarization-mode-dispersion compensation in WDM systems", in Proc. 26th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication, 2000, pp. 41-43.

S. Lanne, W. Idler, J.-P. Thiéry and J.-P. Hamaide, "Demonstration of adaptive PMD compensation at 40 Gb/s", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2001, pp. TuP3-1-TuP3-4.

F. Buchali, S. Lanne, J.-P. Thiéry, W. Baumert and H. Bülow, "Fast eye monitor for 10 Gbit/s and its application for optical PMD compensation", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2001, pp. TuP5-1-TuP5-3.

J. Nagel, M. Chbat, L. Garrett, J. Soigné, N. Weaver, B. Desthieux, H. Bülow, A. McCormick and R. Derosier, "Long-term PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s and time dynamics over high-PMD installed fiber", in Proc. 26th Eur. Conf. Optical Communication , 2000, pp. 31-32.

F. Buchali, W. Baumert, M. Schmidt and H. Bülow, "Dynamic distortion compensation in a 160 Gb/a RZ OTDM system: Adaptive 2 stage PMD compensation", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2003, ThY1,. pp. 589-590.

F. Buchali, W. Baumert and H. Bülow, "Adaptive 1 and 2 stage PMD-compensators for 40 Gbit/s transmission using eye monitor feedback", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2003, pp. 262-264.

"International Telecommunications Union Standards", ITU G.827, ITU G.828,

H. Buelow, W. Baumert, H. Schmuck, F. Mohr, T. Schulz, F. Kueppers and W. Weiershausen, "Measurement of the maximum speed of PMD fluctuation in installed field fiber", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, 1999,WE4,. pp. 83-85.

W. Shieh, "Accelerated outage probability testing for PDM induced impairment", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1364-1366, 2000.

D. A. Watley, K. S. Farley, W. S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B. J. Shaw and A. P. Hadjifotiou, "Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2000, pp. 37-39.

M. W. Chbat, J.-P. Soigné, T. Fuerst, J. T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Février, B. M. Desthieux, A. H. Bush and D. Penninckx, "Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 1999,, Postdeadline paper PD12.

J. A. Nagel, M. W. Chbat, L. D. Garrett, J.-P. Soigné, N. A. Weaver, B. M. Desthieux, H. Bülow, A. R. McCormick and R. M. Derosier, "Long-term PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s and time dynamics over high-PMD installed fiber", in Proc. ECOC 2000,, 4.2.1,. pp. 31- 32.

H. Rosenfeldt, R. Ulrich, U. Fieste, R. Ludwig, H. G. Weber and A. Ehrhardt, "PMD compensation in 10 Gbit/s NRZ field experiment using polarimetric error signal", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 448-450, 2000.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. New York: Wiley, 1992.

I. T. Lima, G. Biondini, B. Marks, W. L. Kath and C. R. Menyuk, "Analysis of polarization-mode dispersion compensators using importance sampling", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2001, pp. M04-1-MO4-3.

M. A. Smith and R. A. Chipman, "Comparison of different PMD compensator configurations based on outage probability", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002,, WI2,. pp. 233-234.

S. Betti, F. Curti, B. Daino, G. De Marchis, E. Iannone and F. Metara, "Evolution of the bandwidth of the principle states of polarization in single-mode fibers", Opt. Lett., vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 467-469, 1991.

G. J. Foschini, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson and H. Kogelnik, "Probability densities of second-order polarization mode dispersion including polarization dependent chromatic fiber dispersion", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 293-295, 2000.

R. Khosravani, I. T. Lime, P. Ebrahmi, E. Ibragimov, A. E. Willner and C. R. Menyuk, "Time and frequency domain characteristics of polarization-mode dispersion emulators", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 127-129, 2001.

V. Chernyak, et al. "PMD induced fluctuations of bit-error-rate in fiber optic systems", J. Lightwave Technol. (Special Issue on Polarization-Mode Dispersion), vol. 22, pp. 1155-1168, Apr. 2004.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.