Abstract

In this paper, the optical and structural characteristics of Z-cut LiNbO3 optical waveguides are experimentally investigated. The waveguides have been fabricated by fully immersing the samples in a closed beaker containing a mixture of benzoic and adipic acid at different concentration ratio. The influence of the dilution ratio on crystallographic phases, wavelength dispersion, diffusion coefficient,and index profile has been determined by using infrared absorption spectroscopy and optical characterization. The control of the thickness of guiding layers corresponding to ß1 and ß2 phases can be realized by varying the dilution ratio of the melt.

© 2004 IEEE

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