Abstract

Nonlinear phase noise, often called the Gordon-Mollenauer effect, can be compensated electronically by subtracting from the received phase a correction proportional to the received intensity. The optimal scaling factor is derived analytically and found to be approximately equal to half of the ratio of mean nonlinear phase noise and the mean received intensity. Using optimal compensation, the standard deviation of residual phase noise is halved, doubling the transmission distance in systems limited by nonlinear phase noise.

© 2004 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

S. Ryu, "Signal linewidth broadening due to nonlinear Kerr effect in long-haul coherent systems using cascaded optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 1450-1457, Oct. 1992 .

B. F. Jorgensen, B. Mikkelsen and C. J. Mahon, "Analysis of optical amplifier noise in coherent optical communication systems with optical image rejection receivers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 660-671, May 1992.

R. Hui, M. O'Sullivan, A. Robinson and M. Taylor, "Modulation instability and its impact in multispan optical amplified IMDD systems: Theory and experiments", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 1071-1082, July 1997 .

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (8)

S. Norimatsu, K. Iwashita and K. Noguchi, "An 8 Gb/s QPSK optical homodyne detection experiment using external-cavity laser diodes", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, pp. 765-767, July 1992.

H. Kim and A. H. Gnauck, "Experimental investigation of the performance limitation of DPSK systems due to nonlinear phase noise", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 320-322, Feb. 2003.

C. J. McKinstrie and C. Xie, "Phase jitter in single-channel soliton system with constant dispersion", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. , vol. 8, pp. 616-625, May-June 2002.

A. H. Gnauck, et al. "2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40 × 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans", in Proc. OFC '02,, postdeadline paper FC2.

R. A. Griffin, et al. "10 Gb/s optical differential quadrature phase shift key (DQPSK) transmission using GaAs/AlGaAs integration", in Proc. OFC '02,, postdeadline paper FD6.

B. Zhu, et al. "Transmission of 3.2 Tb/s (80 × 42.7 Gb/s) over 5200 km of ultrawave fiber with 100-km dispersion-managed spans using RZ-DPSK format", in Proc. ECOC '03,, postdeadline paper PD4.2.

K.-P. Ho, "Phase statistics of soliton", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B., vol. 21, pp. 266-272, 2004.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 4th ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 2000, p. 44 .

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