Abstract

A bit error rate estimation method for optical fiber transmission systems employing all-optical 2R regenerators is presented. The method is based on the linearization of the nonlinear transfer function of the regenerators in three sections. Using this linearized three-section model, the impact of 2R regeneration on the system performance as a function of the extinction ratio, the clamping factor, and the steepness of the transfer function is studied.

© 2004 IEEE

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  1. D. Wolfson, P. B. Hansen, A. Kloch and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical 2R regeneration based on interferometric structure incorporating semiconductor optical amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 59-60, January 1999.
  2. S. Boscolo, S. K. Turitsyn and K. J. Blow, "Study of the operation regime for all-optical passive 2R regeneration of dispersion-managed RZ data at 40 Gb/s using in-line NOLMs", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 30 -32, Jan. 2002.
  3. A. Hirano, H. Tsuda, H. Kobayashi, R. Takahashi, M. Asobe, K. Sato and K. Hagimoto, "All-optical discrimination based on nonlinear transmittance of MQW semiconductor optical gates", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 873-884, May 1999.
  4. E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol. 12, pp. 849 -851, July 2000.
  5. P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect", in ECOC'98, Sept. 1998, pp. 475- 476.
  6. M. Zhao, J. D. Merlier, G. Morthier and R. Baets, "All-optical 2R regeneration based on polarization rotation in a linear optical amplifier", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 15, pp. 305-307, Feb. 2003.
  7. R. G. Smith and D. D. Personick, "Semiconductor devices for optical communications," in Topics in Applied Physics, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1982,vol. 39, pp. 89-160.
  8. N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 7, pp. 1071-1082, July 1989 .
  9. P. Öhlén and E. Berglind, "Noise accumulation and BER estimates in concatenated nonlinear optoelectronic repeaters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 1011 -1013, July 1997.
  10. S. Bischoff, B. Lading and J. Mørk, "BER estimation for all-optical regenerators influenced by pattern effects", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 33 -35, Jan. 2002.
  11. P. Öhlén and E. Berglind, "Measurement and modeling of pattern-dependent BER and jitter in reshaping optoelectronic repeaters", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron., vol. 147, no. 2, pp. 97-103, Apr. 2000.
  12. P. A. Humblet and M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1576-1582, Nov. 1991.

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

A. Hirano, H. Tsuda, H. Kobayashi, R. Takahashi, M. Asobe, K. Sato and K. Hagimoto, "All-optical discrimination based on nonlinear transmittance of MQW semiconductor optical gates", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 873-884, May 1999.

N. A. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 7, pp. 1071-1082, July 1989 .

P. A. Humblet and M. Azizoglu, "On the bit error rate of lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, pp. 1576-1582, Nov. 1991.

Other (9)

D. Wolfson, P. B. Hansen, A. Kloch and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical 2R regeneration based on interferometric structure incorporating semiconductor optical amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 59-60, January 1999.

S. Boscolo, S. K. Turitsyn and K. J. Blow, "Study of the operation regime for all-optical passive 2R regeneration of dispersion-managed RZ data at 40 Gb/s using in-line NOLMs", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 30 -32, Jan. 2002.

P. Öhlén and E. Berglind, "Noise accumulation and BER estimates in concatenated nonlinear optoelectronic repeaters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 1011 -1013, July 1997.

S. Bischoff, B. Lading and J. Mørk, "BER estimation for all-optical regenerators influenced by pattern effects", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 33 -35, Jan. 2002.

P. Öhlén and E. Berglind, "Measurement and modeling of pattern-dependent BER and jitter in reshaping optoelectronic repeaters", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron., vol. 147, no. 2, pp. 97-103, Apr. 2000.

E. Ciaramella and S. Trillo, "All-optical signal reshaping via four-wave mixing in optical fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol. 12, pp. 849 -851, July 2000.

P. V. Mamyshev, "All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect", in ECOC'98, Sept. 1998, pp. 475- 476.

M. Zhao, J. D. Merlier, G. Morthier and R. Baets, "All-optical 2R regeneration based on polarization rotation in a linear optical amplifier", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 15, pp. 305-307, Feb. 2003.

R. G. Smith and D. D. Personick, "Semiconductor devices for optical communications," in Topics in Applied Physics, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1982,vol. 39, pp. 89-160.

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