Abstract

The penalty imposed on the multichannel wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) link employing cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) caused by the cross-gain modulation (XGM) in the SOAs is analyzed and shown to depend on the dispersion management scheme utilized in the link. Based on the results of the analysis, a novel dispersion management scheme is proposed to prevent the repetition of the bit patterns at each SOA stage. Numerical calculations show that with the proposed dispersion management scheme, the crosstalk is mitigated and the performance is significantly improved.

© 2004 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. M. J. O'Mahony, "Semiconductor laser optical amplifiers for use in future fiber systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 531-544, 1988.
  2. M. Gustavsson, et al. "Monolithically integrated 4 × 4 InGaAsP/InP laser amplifier gate switch arrays", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 2223-2225, 1992.
  3. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 942-954, 1996.
  4. E. Iannone, R. Sabella, L. de Stefano and F. Valeri, "All-optical wavelength conversion in optical multicarrier networks", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 44, pp. 942-954, 1996.
  5. M. E. Bray and J. E. Carroll, "Crosstalk reduction in semiconductor laser amplifiers", IEE Proc.-J, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 93-100, 1992.
  6. C. R. Doerr, C. H. Joyner, M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz and H. M. Presby, "Elimination of signal distortion and crosstalk from carrier density changes in the shared semiconductor amplifier of multifrequency signal sources", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 1131-1133, Oct. 1995.
  7. K.-P. Ho, S.-K. Liaw and C. Lin, "Reduction of semiconductor laser amplifier induced distortion and crosstalk for WDM systems using light injection", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 2210-2211, 1996.
  8. H. K. Kim and S. Chandrasekhar, "Reduction of cross-gain modulation in SOA by using wavelength-modulated signal", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1412-1414, 2000.
  9. A. K. Srivastava, S. Banerjee, B. R. Eichenbaum, C. Wolf, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff and A. R. Chraplyvy, "A polarization multiplexing technique to mitigate WDM crosstalk in SOAs", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1415-1416, 2000.
  10. G. P. Agrawal, "Amplifier-induced crosstalk in multichannel coherent lightwave systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1175-1177, 1987.
  11. T. Mukai, K. Inouce and T. Saitoh, "Signal gain saturation in two-channel common amplification using a 1.5 µm InGaAsP travelling wave laser amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 396-397, 1987.
  12. G. O. Magnus and N. A. Olsson, "Crosstalk between intensity-modulated wavelength-division multiplexed signals in a semiconductor laser amplifier", J. Quantum Electron. , vol. QE-24, pp. 52-59, 1988.
  13. P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers-Fundamentals and Technology , New York: Academic, 1999, ch. 6.
  14. S. Xu, J. B. Khurgin, I. Vurgaftman and J. R. Meyer, "Reducing crosstalk and signal distortion in wavelength division multiplexing by increasing carrier lifetimes in semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1474-1485, June 2003.
  15. R. Ramaswami and P. A. Humblet, "Amplifier induced crosstalk in multichannel optical networks", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 1882-1896, 1990.
  16. J. G. L. Jennen, R. C. J. Smets, H. De Waardt, G. N. van den Hoven and A. J. Boot, "4 × 4 Gbit/s NRZ transmission in the 1310 nm window over 80 km of standard single mode fiber using semiconductor optical amplifiers", in Proc. ECOC, vol. 1, 1998, pp. 235- 236.
  17. Y. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, S. Banerjee and J. W. Sulhoff, "Error-free transmission of 32 × 2.5 Gbit/s DWDM channels over 125 km using cascaded inline semiconductor optical amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1863-1865, 1999.
  18. L. H. Spiekman and J. M. Wiesenfeld, et al. "Transmission of 8 DWDM channels at 20 Gb/s over 160 km of standard fiber using a cascade of semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 717-719, 2000.
  19. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems,: Wiley, 1997, ch. 2.
  20. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, New York: Academic, 2001, ch. 3.
  21. G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1993, ch. 11.
  22. L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, New York: Wiley, 1995, ch. 2.
  23. G. Bellotti and S. Bigo, "Cross-phase modulation suppressor for multispan dispersion-managed WDM transmissions", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 726-728, 2000.
  24. G. Bellotti, S. Bigo, P. Y. Cortes, S. Gauchard and S. LaRochelle, "10 × 10 Gb/s cross-phase modulation suppressor for multispan transmissions using WDM narrow-band fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1403-1405, 2000.

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 942-954, 1996.

R. Ramaswami and P. A. Humblet, "Amplifier induced crosstalk in multichannel optical networks", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 1882-1896, 1990.

M. J. O'Mahony, "Semiconductor laser optical amplifiers for use in future fiber systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 531-544, 1988.

S. Xu, J. B. Khurgin, I. Vurgaftman and J. R. Meyer, "Reducing crosstalk and signal distortion in wavelength division multiplexing by increasing carrier lifetimes in semiconductor optical amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1474-1485, June 2003.

Other (20)

M. Gustavsson, et al. "Monolithically integrated 4 × 4 InGaAsP/InP laser amplifier gate switch arrays", Electron. Lett., vol. 28, pp. 2223-2225, 1992.

J. G. L. Jennen, R. C. J. Smets, H. De Waardt, G. N. van den Hoven and A. J. Boot, "4 × 4 Gbit/s NRZ transmission in the 1310 nm window over 80 km of standard single mode fiber using semiconductor optical amplifiers", in Proc. ECOC, vol. 1, 1998, pp. 235- 236.

Y. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, S. Banerjee and J. W. Sulhoff, "Error-free transmission of 32 × 2.5 Gbit/s DWDM channels over 125 km using cascaded inline semiconductor optical amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1863-1865, 1999.

L. H. Spiekman and J. M. Wiesenfeld, et al. "Transmission of 8 DWDM channels at 20 Gb/s over 160 km of standard fiber using a cascade of semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 717-719, 2000.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems,: Wiley, 1997, ch. 2.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, New York: Academic, 2001, ch. 3.

G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Semiconductor Lasers, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1993, ch. 11.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits, New York: Wiley, 1995, ch. 2.

G. Bellotti and S. Bigo, "Cross-phase modulation suppressor for multispan dispersion-managed WDM transmissions", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 726-728, 2000.

G. Bellotti, S. Bigo, P. Y. Cortes, S. Gauchard and S. LaRochelle, "10 × 10 Gb/s cross-phase modulation suppressor for multispan transmissions using WDM narrow-band fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1403-1405, 2000.

E. Iannone, R. Sabella, L. de Stefano and F. Valeri, "All-optical wavelength conversion in optical multicarrier networks", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 44, pp. 942-954, 1996.

M. E. Bray and J. E. Carroll, "Crosstalk reduction in semiconductor laser amplifiers", IEE Proc.-J, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 93-100, 1992.

C. R. Doerr, C. H. Joyner, M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz and H. M. Presby, "Elimination of signal distortion and crosstalk from carrier density changes in the shared semiconductor amplifier of multifrequency signal sources", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 1131-1133, Oct. 1995.

K.-P. Ho, S.-K. Liaw and C. Lin, "Reduction of semiconductor laser amplifier induced distortion and crosstalk for WDM systems using light injection", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 2210-2211, 1996.

H. K. Kim and S. Chandrasekhar, "Reduction of cross-gain modulation in SOA by using wavelength-modulated signal", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1412-1414, 2000.

A. K. Srivastava, S. Banerjee, B. R. Eichenbaum, C. Wolf, Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff and A. R. Chraplyvy, "A polarization multiplexing technique to mitigate WDM crosstalk in SOAs", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1415-1416, 2000.

G. P. Agrawal, "Amplifier-induced crosstalk in multichannel coherent lightwave systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 1175-1177, 1987.

T. Mukai, K. Inouce and T. Saitoh, "Signal gain saturation in two-channel common amplification using a 1.5 µm InGaAsP travelling wave laser amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 396-397, 1987.

G. O. Magnus and N. A. Olsson, "Crosstalk between intensity-modulated wavelength-division multiplexed signals in a semiconductor laser amplifier", J. Quantum Electron. , vol. QE-24, pp. 52-59, 1988.

P. C. Becker, N. A. Olsson and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers-Fundamentals and Technology , New York: Academic, 1999, ch. 6.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.