Abstract

This paper theoretically studies the effect of the relative intensity noise (RIN), which is transferred to the signal from a Raman co-pump, on the bit-error rate (BER). We show that a given amount of the transferred RIN degrades the BER by about an order of magnitude more than does the same amount of the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) added to the signal. We investigate how this effect depends on such parameters as the duty ratio of the signal pulses and on the amount of the ASE that has been added to the output signal along the transmission line.

© 2004 IEEE

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  1. Y. Aoki, "Properties of fiber Raman amplifiers and their applicability to digital optical communication systems", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 6, pp. 1225-1239, July 1988.
  2. W. Jiang and P. Ye, "Crosstalk in fiber Raman amplification for WDM systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 7, pp. 1407-1411, Sept. 1998 .
  3. F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, "Bandwidth of cross talk in Raman amplifiers", Tech. Dig., OFC'94, Paper FC-6Mar. 1994
  4. J. WangX. SunM. Zhang"Effect of group velocity dispersion on stimulated Raman crosstalk in multichannel transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 540 54210Apr. 1998
  5. C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek and R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 19, pp. 1140-1148, Aug. 2001.
  6. M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley and J.-C. Bouteiller, "RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fiber amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 403-405, Apr. 2002.
  7. G. P. Agrawal, P. J. Anthony and T. M. Shen, "Dispersion penalty for 1.3-µ m lightwave systems with multimode semiconductor lasers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 620-624, May 1988.
  8. R. H. Wentworth, G. E. Bodeep and T. E. Darcie, "Laser mode partition noise in lightwave systems using dispersive optical fiber", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 84-89, Jan. 1992.
  9. W. K. Marshall and A. Yariv, "Spectrum of the intensity of modulated noisy light after propagation in dispersive fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 302-304, Mar. 2000.
  10. R. H. Wentworth, "Noise in strongly-multimode laser diodes used in interferometric systems", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 26, pp. 426-442, Mar. 1990.
  11. C. W. Gardiner, Handbook of Stochastic Methods, 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1985.
  12. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989, ch. 4.
  13. C. Headley, III and G. P. Agrawal, "Unified description of ultrafast stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 13, pp. 2170-2177, Oct. 1996.
  14. R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, W. J. Tomlinson and H. A. Haus, "Raman response function of silica-core fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 6, pp. 1159-1165, June 1989 .
  15. W. Horsthemke and R. Lefever, Noise-Induced Transitions, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1984, ch. 5.
  16. I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Tables of Integrals, Series, and Products, 5th ed. New York: Academic, 1994.

J. Lightwave Technol.

G. P. Agrawal, P. J. Anthony and T. M. Shen, "Dispersion penalty for 1.3-µ m lightwave systems with multimode semiconductor lasers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 620-624, May 1988.

R. H. Wentworth, G. E. Bodeep and T. E. Darcie, "Laser mode partition noise in lightwave systems using dispersive optical fiber", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 10, pp. 84-89, Jan. 1992.

W. Jiang and P. Ye, "Crosstalk in fiber Raman amplification for WDM systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 7, pp. 1407-1411, Sept. 1998 .

C. R. S. Fludger, V. Handerek and R. J. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 19, pp. 1140-1148, Aug. 2001.

Other

M. D. Mermelstein, C. Headley and J.-C. Bouteiller, "RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fiber amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 403-405, Apr. 2002.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach and A. R. Chraplyvy, "Bandwidth of cross talk in Raman amplifiers", Tech. Dig., OFC'94, Paper FC-6Mar. 1994

J. WangX. SunM. Zhang"Effect of group velocity dispersion on stimulated Raman crosstalk in multichannel transmission systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 540 54210Apr. 1998

Y. Aoki, "Properties of fiber Raman amplifiers and their applicability to digital optical communication systems", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 6, pp. 1225-1239, July 1988.

W. K. Marshall and A. Yariv, "Spectrum of the intensity of modulated noisy light after propagation in dispersive fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 302-304, Mar. 2000.

R. H. Wentworth, "Noise in strongly-multimode laser diodes used in interferometric systems", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 26, pp. 426-442, Mar. 1990.

C. W. Gardiner, Handbook of Stochastic Methods, 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1985.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989, ch. 4.

C. Headley, III and G. P. Agrawal, "Unified description of ultrafast stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 13, pp. 2170-2177, Oct. 1996.

R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, W. J. Tomlinson and H. A. Haus, "Raman response function of silica-core fibers", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, vol. 6, pp. 1159-1165, June 1989 .

W. Horsthemke and R. Lefever, Noise-Induced Transitions, Berlin: Germany: Springer-Verlag, 1984, ch. 5.

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Tables of Integrals, Series, and Products, 5th ed. New York: Academic, 1994.

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