Abstract

We demonstrate novel optical signal processing functions based on self-induced nonlinear polarization rotation in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). Numerical and experimental results are presented, which demonstrate that a nonlinear polarization switch can be employed to achieve all-optical logic. We demonstrate an all-optical header processing system, an all-optical seed pulse generator for packet synchronization, and an all-optical arbiter that can be employed for optical buffering at a bit rate of 10 Gb/s. Experimental results indicate that optical signal processing functions based on self-polarization rotation have a higher extinction ratio and a lower power operation compared with similar functions based on self-phase modulation.

© 2004 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (20)

T. Sakamoto, A. Okada, M. Hirayama, Y. Sakai, O. Moriwaki, I. Ogawa, R. Sato, K. Noguchi and M. Matsuoka, "Demonstration of an optical packet synchronizer for an optical packet switch", in Proc. OFC 2002, 2002, pp. 762-763.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross-connects", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 849-851, June 2002.

M. T. Hill, A. Srivatsa, N. Calabretta, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "1 × 2 optical packet switch using all-optical header processing", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 774-775, 2001.

N. Calabretta, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, M. T. Hill, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "Multiple-output all-optical header processing technique based on two-pulse correlation principle", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 1238-1240, 2001.

N. Calabretta, Y. Liu, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "Bragg grating assisted all-optical header pre-processor", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 1560-1561, 2002.

M. Zhao, J. de Merlier, G. Morthier and R. Baets, "Experimental demonstration at 10 Gbps of 2R optical regeneration in a fiber-based MZI with LOAs", in Proc. ECOC 2002, vol. 3, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2002, p. 7.3.6.

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 37, pp. 405-413, Mar. 2001.

M. C. Cardakli and A. E. Willner, "Synchronization of a network element for optical packet switching using optical correlators and wavelength shifting", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1375 -1377, Sept. 2002.

T. J. Xia, Y. H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 269-271, Feb. 1999.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, pp. 2201-2203, 1995.

K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data and clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 830-832, June 1997.

H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi and H. K. Lee, "All-optical clock recovery from NRZ data with simple NRZ-to-PRZ converter based on self-phase modulation of semiconductor optical amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 989-990, 1999.

H. Soto, D. Erasme and G. Guekos, "5-Gbit/s XOR optical gate based on cross-polarization modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 335-337, Apr. 2001.

R. J. Manning, A. Antonopoulos, R. Le Roux and A. E. Kelly, "Experimental measurement of nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 229-231, 2001.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, E. Tangdiongga, H. de Waardt, N. Calabretta, G. D. Khoe and H. J. S. Dorren, "Wavelength conversion using nonlinear polarization rotation in a single semiconductor optical amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 90-92, Jan. 2003.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 904-906, 2002.

H. J. S. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. T. Hill and G. D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: Theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 39, pp. 141-147, 2003.

M. F. C. Stephens, M. Asghari, R. V. Penty and I. H. White, "Demonstration of ultrafast all-optical wavelength conversion utilizing birefringence in semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., pp. 449 -451, Apr. 1997.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 21, Jan. 2003.

F. Girardin, G. Guekos and A. Houbavlis, "Gain recovery of bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 784 -786, June 1998.

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