Abstract

A novel optical-label-swapping technique is proposed, experimentally verified, and theoretically analyzed in this paper. The technique superimposes a low-speed amplitude-shift-keying (ASK) label on top of a high-speed dc-balanced-line-coded ASK payload. A multihop long-distance transmission experiment using a recirculating loop has been successfully demonstrated, and an experimental record is set when compared with other optical-label-swapping techniques.

© 2004 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Other (18)

S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Wunstel, W. Idler, P. Doussiere and F. Pommerau, "All optical wavelength conversion schemes for increased input power dynamic range", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 60-62, Jan. 1998.

A. Banerjee, et al. "Generalized multiprotocol label switching: An overview of routing and management enhancements", IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 144-150, Jan. 2001 .

K. Iizuka, Elements of Photonics: Vol. II for Fiber and Integrated Optics, New York: Wiley, 2002.

M. C. Jeruchim, P. Balaban and K. S. Shanmugan, Simulation of Communication Systems, 2nd ed. Norwell, MA: Kluwer, p. 140.

VPI systems Inc. VPItransmissionMaker V4.5", [Online]. Available: http://www.vpisystems.com

M. Shimanouchi, "An approach to consistent jitter modeling for various jitter aspects and measurement methods", in Int. Test Conf. 2001, Oct. 2001, pp. 848-857.

J. Cao, M. Jeon, Z. Pan, Y. Bansal, Z. Wang, Z. Zhu, V. Hernandez, J. Taylor, V. Akella, S. Yoo, K. Okamoto and S. Kamei, "Error-free multi-hop cascaded operation of optical label switching routers with all-optical label swapping", in OFC 2003, vol. 2, Atlanta, GA, Mar. 2003, pp. 791-792.

G. Rossi, O. Jerphagnon, B.-K. Olsson and D. Blumenthal, "Optical SCM data extraction using a fiber-loop mirror for WDM network systems", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 897-899, July 2000.

Y. M. Lin, W. I. Way and G. K. Chang, "A novel optical label swapping technique using erasable optical single-sideband subcarrier label", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1088-1091, Aug. 2000.

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, L. Xu, I. T. Monroy, C. Peucheret, K. Yuind, L. J. Christiansen and P. Jeppesen, "Experimental demonstration of cascaded transmission and all-optical label swapping of orthogonal IM/FSK labeled signal", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 676-679, Apr. 2003.

N. Chi, J. Zhang, P. V. Holm-Nielsen, C. Peucheret and P. Jeppesen, "Transmission and transparent wavelength conversion of an optically label signal using ASK/DPSK orthogonal modulation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 760 -762, May 2003.

M. Ohm and J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 159-161, Jan. 2003.

F. Liu, C. J. Rasmussen and R. J. S. Pedersen, "Experimental verification of a new model describing the influence of incomplete signal extinction ratio on the sensitivity degradation due to multiplex interferometric crosstalk", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 137-139, Jan. 1999 .

"Fiber Channel-Physical and Signaling Interface", ANSI Standard X3.230, 1994.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications , 3rd int. ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995, pp. 203-223.

D. Wolfson, S. L. Danielsen, H. N. Poulsen, P. B. Hansen and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Experimental and theoretical investigation of the regenerative capacilities of electrooptic and all-optical interferometric wavelength converters", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 1413-1415, Oct. 1998.

M. C. Yuang, J. Shih and P. L. Tien, "Traffic shaping for IP-over-WDM networks based on optical coarse packet switching paradigm", in Proc. ECOC-IOOC 2003, Rimini, Italy,Sept. 2003,We4,. p. 148.

M. C. Yuang, J. Shih and P. L. Tien, "QoS burstification of optical burst switched WDM networks", in Proc. OFC'02 ,, pp. 781-783.

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