Abstract

In this paper, the authors propose a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture called Stanford University aCCESS or SUCCESS. This architecture provides practical migration steps from current-generation time-division multiplexing (TDM)-passive optical network (PONs) to future WDM optical access networks. The architecture is backward compatible for users on existing TDM-PONs, while simultaneously capable of providing upgraded high-bandwidth services to new users on DWDM-PONs through advanced WDM techniques. The SUCCESS architecture is based on a collector ring and several distribution stars connecting the CO and the users. A semipassive configuration of the Remote Nodes (RNs) enables protection and restoration, making the network resilient to power failures. A novel design of the OLT and DWDM-PON ONUs minimizes the system cost considerably: 1) tunable lasers and receivers at the OLT are shared by all ONUs on the network to reduce the transceiver count and 2) the fast tunable lasers not only generate downstream data traffic but also provide DWDM-PON ONUs with optical CW bursts for their upstream data transmission. Results from an experimental system testbed support the feasibility of the proposed SUCCESS architecture. Also, simulation results of the first SUCCESS DWDM-PON MAC protocol verify that it can efficiently provide bidirectional transmission between the OLT and ONUs over multiple wavelengths with a small number of tunable transmitters and receivers.

© 2004 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (23)

F. Dorgeuille, L. Noirie and A. Bisson, "40 km passive optical metro-access ring (POMAR) including a protection scheme based on bi-directional fibers", in Optical Fiber Commun. Tech. Dig., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2003, pp. 550-551.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, pp. S43-S48, Feb. 2003.

T. Koonen, T. Muys, C. Van der Plaats, S. de Groot, H. Kenter, I. Niernegeers and F. Slothouber, "TOBASCO: An innovative approach for upgrading CATV fiber-coax networks for broadband interactive services", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 4, pp. 76-81, Apr. 1997.

N. Frigo, P. Iannone and K. Reichmann, "Spectral slicing in WDM passive optical networks for local access", in Proc. Europ. Conf. Optical Commun. Tech. Dig., vol. 1, Sept. 1998, pp. 119-120.

G. Murtaza and J. Senior, "WDM crosstalk analysis for systems employing spectrally-sliced LED sources", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 440-442, Mar. 1996.

E. Biorlin, B. Riou, P. Abraham, J. Piprek, Y. Chiu, A. Black and J. Bowers, "Vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers", in Proc. Lasers and Electro-Optics Soc. 2000 Annual Meeting, vol. 2, Nov. 2000, pp. 573-574.

S. Calvez, et al. "1.3 µ m GaInNA's optically-pumped vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifier", Electron. Lett., vol. 39, pp. 100-102, Jan. 2003.

K. Khalil, K. Luc and D. Wilson, "LAN traffic analysis and workload characterization", in Proc. Local Computer Networks, Sept. 1990, pp. 112-122.

D. Sadot and E. Boimovich, "Tunable optical filters for dense WDM networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 36, pp. 50-55, Dec. 1998.

B. Bosik and S. Kartalopoulos, "A time compression multiplexing system for a circuit switched digital capability", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 30, pp. 2046-2052, Sept. 1982.

F. Jia, B. Mukherjee and J. Iness, "Scheduling variable-length messages in a single-hop multichannel local lightwave network", IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 3, pp. 477-488, Aug. 1995.

A. Varga, "OMNeT++: Discrete Event Simulation System", Tech. Univ. Budapest, June 2003.Version 2.3.

WAN Packet Size Distribution. [Online]. Available: http://www.nlanr.net/NA/Learn/packetsizes.html

K. Kim, D. Gutierrez, F. An and L. Kazovsky, "Batch scheduling algorithm for SUCCESS WDM-PON", Globecom, 2004. submitted.

G. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Commun. Syst., 2nd ed. New York: Wiley-Intersci., 1997.

U. Killat, Access to B-ISDN via PONs, New York: Wiley, 1996.

K. Kim, "On the evolution of PON-based FTTH solutions", Inform. Sci., vol. 149/1-2, pp. 21-30, Jan. 2003.

Y. Maeda, K. Okada and D. Faulkner, "FSAM OAN-WG and future issues for broadband optical access networks", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, pp. 126-132, Dec. 2001.

K. Ohara, et al. "Traffic analysis of Ethernet-PON in FTTH trial service", in Optical Fiber Commun. Tech. Dig., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2003, pp. 607- 608.

I. Van de Voorde and C. Van der Plas, "Full service optical access networks: ATM transport on passive optical networks", IEEE Commun. Mag. , vol. 35, pp. 70-75, Apr. 1997.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee and G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)", IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, pp. 74-80, Feb. 2002.

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit and M. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs", IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 21, pp. 1467-1477, Nov. 2003.

F. An, H. Bae, Y. Hsueh, K. Kim, M. Rogge and L. Kazovsky, "A new media access control protocol guaranteeing fairness among users in Ethernet-based passive optical networks", in Optical Fiber Comm. Tech. Dig., Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2003, pp. 134-135.

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