Abstract

Direct modulation at 12.5 Gb/s of 1.3-µm InGaAlAs distributed feedback (DFB) ridge waveguide (RWG) lasers with low-resistance notch-free gratings running up to 115 °C is experimentally demonstrated. It was achieved by the combination of the high differential gain of an InGaAlAs MQW active layer, high characteristic temperature of RWG structure, and low-resistance notch-free grating. Moreover, successful transmission of 10-Gb/s modulated signals over 30-km standard single-mode fiber was achieved with the laser running at up to 115 °C. These results confirm the suitability of this type of laser for use as the cost-effective light source in 12.5-Gb/s and 10-Gb/s datacom applications.

© 2004 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. K. Kojima, O. Mizuhara, L. J. P. Ketelsen, I. Kim and R. B. Bylsma, "1.3 µm uncooled DFB lasers for 10 Gb/s transmission over 50 km of nondispersion-shifted fiber", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. '96, 1996, PDP11-2.
  2. R. Paoletti, M. Agresti, G. Burns, G. Berry, B. Bertone, P. Charles, P. Crump, A. Davies, R. Y. Fang, R. Ghin, P. Gotta, M. Holm, C. Kompocholis, G. Magnetti, J. Massa, G. Meneghini, G. Rossi, P. Ryder, A. Taylor, P. Valenti and M. Meliga, "100 °C 10 Gb/s directly modulated InGaAsP DFB lasers for uncooled ethernet applications", in 27th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication, 2001, pp. 84-85.
  3. G. Sakaino, Y. Hisa, K. Takagi, T. Aoyagi, T. Nishimura and E. Omura, "Transmission characteristics of uncooled and directly modulated 1.3 micrometers DFB laser diode for serial 10 Gb/s Ethernet", in 26th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication, 2000, pp. 89-90.
  4. J. K. White, C. Blaauw, G. Knight, S. R. Das, T. Jones, N. Kim, A. Woodard, S. Zhang, A. Fekecs, J. Wylde, H. Walters, T. Grevatt, B. Abbott, N. Butt, G. Letal, S. Benwell, N. Brooks and P. Firth, ">100 °C 10 Gbit/s directly modulated laser incorporating a novel semiconductor insulating buried heterostructure", in 28th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication, 2002.
  5. N. Chand, K. Kojima, J. Yu, D.-S. Shin, J. Wang, F. Bosch, P. Kiely, H. Ransijn, G. Salvador, X. Wu, T. Olson, G. Salamanca and B. Kasper, "10.7 Gbit/s transmission over 75 km SSMF using 1.3 µm directly modulated uncooled transmitters at 85 °C", in 28th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication , 2002.
  6. O. Gauthier-Lafaye, V. Colson, J. Py, B. Thedrez and J.-L. Gentner, "High temperature 10 Gbit/s directly modulated 1.3 µm DFB lasers using InAsP/InGaAsP materials", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 275-277, 2002.
  7. M. Aoki, T. K. Sudo, T. Tsuchiya, D. Takemoto and S. Tsuji, "85 °C -10 Gbit/s operation of 1.3-µm InGaAlAs MQW-DFB laser", in 26th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication , 2000, pp. 123-124.
  8. T. Takiguchi, Y. Hanamaki, T. Kadowaki, T. Tanaka, C. Watatani, M. Takemi, Y. Mihashi and E. Omura, "1.3 µm uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW DFB laser with lambda/4 -shifted grating", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002, 2002, ThF3,. pp. 417-418.
  9. T. K. Sudoh, D. Takemoto, T. Tsuchiya, M. Aoki and S. Tsuji, "Highly reliable 1.3-µm InGaAlAs MQW DFB lasers", in Tech. Dig., IEEE ISLC '00, 2000, TuB6,. pp. 55-56.
  10. Y. Muroya, T. Okuda, R. Kobayashi, K. Ksuruoka, Y. Ohsawa, T. Koui, T. Tsukuda, T. Nakamura and K. Kobayashi, "100 °C, 10-Gb/s direct modulation with a low operation current of 1.3-µm AlGaInAs buried heterostructure DFB laser diodes", in Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2003, 2003, pp. 683-684.
  11. K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, S. Tanaka, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, E. Nomoto, S. Fujisaki, M. Kudo, M. Sawada, T. Yuasa and M. Mukaikubo, "115 °C, 12.5-Gb/s direct modulation of 1.3-µm InGaAlAs-MQW RWG DFB laser with notch-free grating structure for datacom applications", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2003, 2003, PD-40.
  12. T. Tsuchiya, D. Takemoto, A. Taike, M. Aoki and K. Uomi, "Large number of periods in highly strained InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structures grown by metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy", in Tech. Dig., IPRM'99, 1999,MoB1-2,. pp. 47-50.
  13. K. Lee, G. L. Tan, G. Pakulski, T. Makino and J. M. Xu, "Plasma and thermal effects on the performance of high power floating grating DFB laser", SPIE, vol. 3038, pp. 14-22, 1997.
  14. C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, B. N. Pathak, F. Favire, W. Lin, M. C. Wang, N. C. Andreadakis, D. M. Hwang, M. A. Koza, T. P. Lee, Z. Wang, D. Darby, D. Flanders and J. J. Hsieh, "High-performance uncooled 1.3-µm AlxGayIn1-x-yAs/InP strained layer quantum-well lasers for subscriber loop applications", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 30, pp. 511-522, Feb. 1994.
  15. T. Ishikawa, T. Higashi, T. Uchida, T. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, H. Shoji and M. Kobayashi, "Evaluation of differential gain of 1.3 µm AlGaInAs/InP strained MQW lasers", in 10th Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials, 1998, ThP-55,. pp. 729-732.
  16. Y. Hanamaki, T. Takiguchi, T. Kadowaki, T. Tanaka, M. Takemi, N. Tomita, Y. Mihashi and E. Omura, "1.3 µm AlGaInAs ridge waveguide lasers with uncooled 10 Gb/s operation at 85 °C", in IEEE 17th Int. Semiconductor Laser Conf., 2000, ThB1,. pp. 141-142.
  17. E. Peral, M. Osowski, H. Qi, B. Kasper, L. Tran and S. Ira, "10 Gb/s transmission over 3.3 km using an uncooled InAlGaAs Fabry-Perot laser operating up to 85 °C", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002, 2002, ThF6,. pp. 421-422.
  18. K. Nakahara, E. Nomoto, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Katou, R. Kaneko and A. Taike, "A 4 km transmission at 10-Gb/s operation with wide temperature range in 1.3-µm InGaAlAs MQW FP lasers", in IEEE 17th Int. Semiconductor Laser Conf., 2002, TuC2,. pp. 59-60.
  19. T. Okuda, H. Ko, Y. Ohsawa, K. Tsuruoka, T. Terakado, K. Kurihara, A. Gomyo, T. Nakamura and K. Kobayashi, "Low-threshold 1.3-µm AlGaInAs buried heterostructure laser diodes for 85 °C, 10-Gb/s operation", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002 , 2002,ThF5,. pp. 420-421.
  20. H. Sato, A. Taike, H. Uchiyama, K. Shinoda, T. Tsuchiya, K. Nakahara and S. Tsuji, "Highly reliable InGaAlAs buried-heterostructure laser", in 28th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication, 2002.
  21. M. Ishino, N. Takenaka, M. Kito, K. Fujihara, N. Ostuka, K.Katsuyuki Fujito and Y.Yasushi Matsui, "Low distortion 1.3 m strained-layer MQW-DFB laser for AM-SCM transmission systems with large channel capacity", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 15, pp. 2172-2178, Nov. 1997.
  22. K. Uomi, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya and M. Suzuki, "High-speed properties of 1.55 µm InGaAs-InGaAsP MQW lambda/4 -shifted DFB lasers", SPIE, vol. 1634, pp. 110-118, 1992.
  23. J. D. Evans, G. J. Letal and G. P. Simmons, "The contribution of lateral current spreading to the temperature sensitivity of strained-layer, multiple-quantum-well, long wavelength, ridge waveguide lasers", in IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, Proc., vol. 1, 1995, pp. 278-279.
  24. M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara and K. Uomi, " inP-based reversed-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 3, pp. 672-682, 1997.

Other (24)

K. Kojima, O. Mizuhara, L. J. P. Ketelsen, I. Kim and R. B. Bylsma, "1.3 µm uncooled DFB lasers for 10 Gb/s transmission over 50 km of nondispersion-shifted fiber", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. '96, 1996, PDP11-2.

R. Paoletti, M. Agresti, G. Burns, G. Berry, B. Bertone, P. Charles, P. Crump, A. Davies, R. Y. Fang, R. Ghin, P. Gotta, M. Holm, C. Kompocholis, G. Magnetti, J. Massa, G. Meneghini, G. Rossi, P. Ryder, A. Taylor, P. Valenti and M. Meliga, "100 °C 10 Gb/s directly modulated InGaAsP DFB lasers for uncooled ethernet applications", in 27th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication, 2001, pp. 84-85.

G. Sakaino, Y. Hisa, K. Takagi, T. Aoyagi, T. Nishimura and E. Omura, "Transmission characteristics of uncooled and directly modulated 1.3 micrometers DFB laser diode for serial 10 Gb/s Ethernet", in 26th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication, 2000, pp. 89-90.

J. K. White, C. Blaauw, G. Knight, S. R. Das, T. Jones, N. Kim, A. Woodard, S. Zhang, A. Fekecs, J. Wylde, H. Walters, T. Grevatt, B. Abbott, N. Butt, G. Letal, S. Benwell, N. Brooks and P. Firth, ">100 °C 10 Gbit/s directly modulated laser incorporating a novel semiconductor insulating buried heterostructure", in 28th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication, 2002.

N. Chand, K. Kojima, J. Yu, D.-S. Shin, J. Wang, F. Bosch, P. Kiely, H. Ransijn, G. Salvador, X. Wu, T. Olson, G. Salamanca and B. Kasper, "10.7 Gbit/s transmission over 75 km SSMF using 1.3 µm directly modulated uncooled transmitters at 85 °C", in 28th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication , 2002.

O. Gauthier-Lafaye, V. Colson, J. Py, B. Thedrez and J.-L. Gentner, "High temperature 10 Gbit/s directly modulated 1.3 µm DFB lasers using InAsP/InGaAsP materials", Electron. Lett., vol. 38, pp. 275-277, 2002.

M. Aoki, T. K. Sudo, T. Tsuchiya, D. Takemoto and S. Tsuji, "85 °C -10 Gbit/s operation of 1.3-µm InGaAlAs MQW-DFB laser", in 26th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication , 2000, pp. 123-124.

T. Takiguchi, Y. Hanamaki, T. Kadowaki, T. Tanaka, C. Watatani, M. Takemi, Y. Mihashi and E. Omura, "1.3 µm uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW DFB laser with lambda/4 -shifted grating", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002, 2002, ThF3,. pp. 417-418.

T. K. Sudoh, D. Takemoto, T. Tsuchiya, M. Aoki and S. Tsuji, "Highly reliable 1.3-µm InGaAlAs MQW DFB lasers", in Tech. Dig., IEEE ISLC '00, 2000, TuB6,. pp. 55-56.

Y. Muroya, T. Okuda, R. Kobayashi, K. Ksuruoka, Y. Ohsawa, T. Koui, T. Tsukuda, T. Nakamura and K. Kobayashi, "100 °C, 10-Gb/s direct modulation with a low operation current of 1.3-µm AlGaInAs buried heterostructure DFB laser diodes", in Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2003, 2003, pp. 683-684.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, S. Tanaka, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, E. Nomoto, S. Fujisaki, M. Kudo, M. Sawada, T. Yuasa and M. Mukaikubo, "115 °C, 12.5-Gb/s direct modulation of 1.3-µm InGaAlAs-MQW RWG DFB laser with notch-free grating structure for datacom applications", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2003, 2003, PD-40.

T. Tsuchiya, D. Takemoto, A. Taike, M. Aoki and K. Uomi, "Large number of periods in highly strained InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structures grown by metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy", in Tech. Dig., IPRM'99, 1999,MoB1-2,. pp. 47-50.

K. Lee, G. L. Tan, G. Pakulski, T. Makino and J. M. Xu, "Plasma and thermal effects on the performance of high power floating grating DFB laser", SPIE, vol. 3038, pp. 14-22, 1997.

C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, B. N. Pathak, F. Favire, W. Lin, M. C. Wang, N. C. Andreadakis, D. M. Hwang, M. A. Koza, T. P. Lee, Z. Wang, D. Darby, D. Flanders and J. J. Hsieh, "High-performance uncooled 1.3-µm AlxGayIn1-x-yAs/InP strained layer quantum-well lasers for subscriber loop applications", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 30, pp. 511-522, Feb. 1994.

T. Ishikawa, T. Higashi, T. Uchida, T. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, H. Shoji and M. Kobayashi, "Evaluation of differential gain of 1.3 µm AlGaInAs/InP strained MQW lasers", in 10th Int. Conf. Indium Phosphide and Related Materials, 1998, ThP-55,. pp. 729-732.

Y. Hanamaki, T. Takiguchi, T. Kadowaki, T. Tanaka, M. Takemi, N. Tomita, Y. Mihashi and E. Omura, "1.3 µm AlGaInAs ridge waveguide lasers with uncooled 10 Gb/s operation at 85 °C", in IEEE 17th Int. Semiconductor Laser Conf., 2000, ThB1,. pp. 141-142.

E. Peral, M. Osowski, H. Qi, B. Kasper, L. Tran and S. Ira, "10 Gb/s transmission over 3.3 km using an uncooled InAlGaAs Fabry-Perot laser operating up to 85 °C", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002, 2002, ThF6,. pp. 421-422.

K. Nakahara, E. Nomoto, T. Tsuchiya, Y. Katou, R. Kaneko and A. Taike, "A 4 km transmission at 10-Gb/s operation with wide temperature range in 1.3-µm InGaAlAs MQW FP lasers", in IEEE 17th Int. Semiconductor Laser Conf., 2002, TuC2,. pp. 59-60.

T. Okuda, H. Ko, Y. Ohsawa, K. Tsuruoka, T. Terakado, K. Kurihara, A. Gomyo, T. Nakamura and K. Kobayashi, "Low-threshold 1.3-µm AlGaInAs buried heterostructure laser diodes for 85 °C, 10-Gb/s operation", in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2002 , 2002,ThF5,. pp. 420-421.

H. Sato, A. Taike, H. Uchiyama, K. Shinoda, T. Tsuchiya, K. Nakahara and S. Tsuji, "Highly reliable InGaAlAs buried-heterostructure laser", in 28th Europ. Conf. Optical Communication, 2002.

M. Ishino, N. Takenaka, M. Kito, K. Fujihara, N. Ostuka, K.Katsuyuki Fujito and Y.Yasushi Matsui, "Low distortion 1.3 m strained-layer MQW-DFB laser for AM-SCM transmission systems with large channel capacity", J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 15, pp. 2172-2178, Nov. 1997.

K. Uomi, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya and M. Suzuki, "High-speed properties of 1.55 µm InGaAs-InGaAsP MQW lambda/4 -shifted DFB lasers", SPIE, vol. 1634, pp. 110-118, 1992.

J. D. Evans, G. J. Letal and G. P. Simmons, "The contribution of lateral current spreading to the temperature sensitivity of strained-layer, multiple-quantum-well, long wavelength, ridge waveguide lasers", in IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, Proc., vol. 1, 1995, pp. 278-279.

M. Aoki, M. Komori, T. Tsuchiya, H. Sato, K. Nakahara and K. Uomi, " inP-based reversed-mesa ridge-waveguide structure for high-performance long-wavelength laser diodes", IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 3, pp. 672-682, 1997.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.