Abstract

Binary and multilevel phase-only sampling functions are proposed for the sampled fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) with high channel count, which require significantly less refractive-index modulation than that does the sampled grating with amplitude sampling. The design using the new simulated quenching optimization with temperature rescaling results in high channel uniformity and minimum energy in the out-of-band channels. The technique can be applied to the sampled FBGs with very high channel count. A five-channel nonlinearly chirped multilevel phase-only sampled FBG for tunable chromatic dispersion compensation is demonstrated.

© 2003 IEEE

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Appl. Opt.

Other

R. L. Morrison, "Symmetries that simplify the design of spot array phase gratings", J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A., vol. 9, pp. 464-471, 1992.

A. V. Buryak, K. Y. Kolossovski, K. Y. Stepanov and D. Yu, "Optimization of refractive index sampling for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE J. Quantum Eelctronics, vol. 39, pp. 91-98, Jan. 2003.

G. J. Swanson, "Binary Optics Technology: Theoretical Limits on the Diffractive Efficiency of Multilevel Diffractive Optical Elements", MIT, Tech. Report 914, 1991.

B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian and F. Oullette, "Long periodic superstructure Bragg gratings in optical fibers", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 1620-1622, 1994.

F. Oullette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi and B. Eggleton, "Broadband and WDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fiber Bragg gratings", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, pp. 899-901, 1995.

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole and R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 842-844, June 1998.

A. V. Buryak and D. Y. Stepanov, "Novel multi-channel grating devices", in Proc. Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, Poling in Glass Waveguides, vol. 61, Washington, DC, 2001.

K.-M. Feng, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner and J. Feinberg, "Dynamic dispersion compensation in a 10-Gb/s optical system using novel voltage tuned nonlinearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 373-375, Mar. 1999 .

J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Li, J. Popelek, Y. Wang, R. B. Wilcox and J. Zweiback, "Dammann fiber Bragg gratings and phase-only sampling for high channel counts", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 1309-1311, Sept. 2002.

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov and J. Feinberg, "Simultaneous tunable dispersion compensation of many WDM channels using a sampled nonlinear chirped fiber Bragg grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1455-1457, Nov. 1999.

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou and J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1280 -1282, Oct. 1999.

Y. Painchaud, A. Mailoux, H. Chotard, E. Pelletier and M. Guy, "Multi-channel fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion and slope compensation", in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2002.

V. Jayaraman, Z. M. Chuang and L. A. Coldren, "Theory, design and performance of extended tuning semiconductor lasers with sampled gratings", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 29, pp. 1824-1834, June 1993.

X.-F. Chen, Y. Luo, C.-C. Fan, T. Wu and S.-Z. Xie, "Analytical Expression of sampled Bragg gratings with chirp in the sampling period and its application in dispersion management design in WDM system", IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1013-1015, Aug. 2000.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal, New York: Wiley, 1984.

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas and M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE J. Quantum. Eletron., vol. 35, pp. 1105-1115, Aug. 1999.

H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, T. Tamamrua and Y. Kondo, "Multiple-phase-shift super structure grating DBR lasers for broad wavelength tuning", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 613 -615, June 1993.

H. Dammann and K. Gortler, "High-efficiency in-line multiple imaging by means of multiple phase holograms", Opt. Commun., vol. 3, pp. 312-315, 1971.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Grating, London: U.K.: Academic, 1999.

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