Abstract

A general procedure for design of photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with desirable dispersion properties is presented. The design model is based on the combination of a rigorous vector mode solver and a scaling transformation for the dispersion properties of the PCFs. In comparison with the conventional design method, the new design procedure is more efficient and can be readily automated for the purpose of design optimization. Several applications of the design procedure, e.g., the design optimization for dispersion shifted fibers, dispersion flattened fibers, and dispersion compensation fibers, are demonstrated and discussed.

© 2003 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (16)

S. E. Miller and I. P. Kaminov, Optical Fiber Telecommunications II, New York: Academic, 1988.

I. P. Kaminov and T. L. Koch, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA, New York: Academic, 1997.

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou and A. Bjarklev, "Photonic crystal fibers: A new class of optical waveguides", Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 5, pp. 305-330, 1999.

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J. J. Miret, J. A. Monsoriu, M. V. Andrés and P. S. J. Russell, "Designing a photonic crystal fiber with flattened chromatic dispersion", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 325-327, 1999.

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre and P. Andres, "Designing the properties of dispersion-flattened photonic crystal fiber", Opt. Expr., vol. 9, pp. 687-697, 2001.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "Dispersion compensation using single material fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 674-676, 1999.

L. P. Shen, W.-P. Huang and S. S. Jian, "Design and optimization of photonic crystal fibers for broadband dispersion compensation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 540-542, 2003.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 807-809, 2000.

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, New York: Academic, 1995.

C. L. Xu, W. P. Huang, M. S. Stern and S. K. Chaudhuri, "Full-vectorial mode calculations by finite difference method", Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron, vol. 141, pp. 281-286, 1994.

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, W. Lui and K. Yokoyama, "Perfect matched layer boundary condition for modal analysis of optical waveguides: Leaky mode calculations", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 652-654, 1996.

M. Koshiba, "Full vector analysis of photonic crystal fibers using the finite element method", IEICE Electron, vol. E85-C, no. 4, pp. 881-888, 2002.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight and P. S. J. Russell, "Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fiber", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 63-64, 1999 .

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 1995.

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell and P. J. Roberts, "Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers", Opt. Expr., vol. 10, no. 14, pp. 609-613, 2001.

J. C. Knight and W. H. Reeves, , private communication, 2002

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