Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate the use of superimposed fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) as amplitude or phase filtering stages for generating ultrahigh-repetition-rate optical pulse bursts from a single ultrashort pulse. This approach offers the advantages of a compact all-fiber solution and provides high flexibility in tailoring the temporal features of the generated pulse sequence, namely, the repetition rate, as well as the shape and duration of both the individual pulses and the temporal envelope of the burst. To demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed approach, we generate near-flat-topped optical pulse bursts with repetition rates as high as ~ 170 GHz at a wavelength of 1.55 µm using uniform and linearly chirped superimposed FBGs. We show that superimposed linearly chirped FBGs are more energetically efficient and provide increased design flexibility than superimposed uniform FBGs. Our experimental results also show the robustness of the technique to imperfections in the grating structures and to variations in the input pulse quality.

© 2003 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith and J. E. Sipe, "Ultrashort pulse reflection from fiber gratings: A numerical investigation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 1503-1512, Aug. 1997.

Other (15)

J. Martin and F. Ouellette, "Novel writing technique of long and highly reflective in-fiber gratings", Electron. Lett., vol. 30, pp. 911-912, 1994.

G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion and S. B. Poole, "Wide-band Fabry-Pérot-like filters in optical fiber", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 78-80, Jan. 1995.

L. Cohen, "Time-frequency distributions-A review", Proc. IEEE, vol. 77, pp. 941-981, July 1989.

S. Cheung and J. S. Lim, "Combined multiresolution (wide-band/narrow-band) spectrogram", IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, vol. 40, pp. 975-977, Apr. 1992.

J. Azaña, P. Kockaert, R. Slavík, L. R. Chen, S. LaRochelle, P. Kockaert and P. Kockaert, "Generation of a 100-GHz optical pulse train by pulse repetition rate multiplication using superimposed fiber Bragg gratings", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 413-415, Mar. 2003.

K. Tai, A. Tomita, J. L. Jewell and A. Hasegawa, "Generation of subpicosecond solitonlike optical pulses at 0.3 THz repetition rate by induced modulation instability", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 236-238, 1986.

T. Sizer II, "Increase in laser repetition rate by spectral selection", IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 25, pp. 97-103, Jan. 1989.

A. M. Weiner and D. E. Leaird, "Generation of terahertz-rate trains of femtosecond pulses by phase-only filtering", Opt. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 51-53, 1990.

E. Yamada, E. Yoshida, T. Kitoh and M. Nakazawa, "Generation of terabit per second optical data pulse train", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, no. 16, pp. 1342-1344, 1995.

T. Kurokawa, H. Tsuda, K. Okamoto, N. Naganuma, H. Takenouchi, Y. Inoue and M. Ishii, "Time-space-conversion optical signal processing using arrayed-waveguide grating", Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 22, pp. 1890-1891, 1997.

D. E. Leaird, S. Shen, A. M. Weiner, A. Sugita, S. Kamei, M. Ishii and K. Okamoto, "Generation of high-repetition-rate WDM pulse trains from an arrayed-waveguide grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 221-223, Mar. 2001.

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Technique for multiplying the repetition rates of periodic trains of pulses by means of a temporal self-imaging effect in chirped fiber gratings", Opt. Lett. , vol. 24, no. 23, pp. 1672-1674, 1999.

S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, M. Belmonte, B. Agogliati, L. Arcangeli, V. Pruneri, M. N. Zervas and M. Ibsen, "40-GHz pulse-train generation at 1.5 µm with a chirped fiber grating as a frequency multiplier", Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 19, pp. 1481-1483, 2000.

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas and D. J. Richardson, "Generation of 40-GHz pulse stream by pulse multiplication with a sampled fiber Bragg grating", Opt. Lett. , vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 521-523, 2000.

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Simultaneous multi-wavelength real-time optical spectrum analysis", Appl. Opt., vol. 40, no. 23, pp. 3831-3842, 2001.

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