Abstract

In optical phase conjugation (OPC) systems, the third-order dispersion (TOD) of optical fibers and the nonlinear resonance at well-defined signal sideband frequencies called sideband instability (SI) mainly limit the transmission performance. We propose, for the first time, a scheme for simultaneous suppression of both TOD and SI in OPC systems using a periodic higher order dispersion-managed link consisting of standard single-mode fibers (SMFs) and reverse dispersion fibers (RDFs). Computer simulation results demonstrate the possibility of 200-Gb/s data transmission over 10 000 km in the higher order dispersion-managed OPC system, where the dispersion map is optimized by our system design strategies.

© 2003 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

C. Lorattanasane and K. Kikuchi, "Design theory of long-distance optical transmission systems using midway optical phase conjugation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, pp. 948-955, June 1997 .

S. Watanabe and M. Shirasaki, "Exact compensation for both chromatic dispersion and Kerr effect in a transmission fiber using optical phase conjugation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 243-248, Mar. 1996 .

P. Kaewplung, A. Tuptim and K. Kikuchi, "Complete analysis of sideband instability in chain of periodic dispersion-managed fiber link and its effect on higher-order dispersion-managed long-haul wavelength division multiplexed systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 1995-1907, Nov. 2002 .

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima and I. Mito, "Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 710-719, May 1988.

D. A. Fishman and J. A. Nagel, "Degradations due to stimulated Brillouin scattering in multigigabit intensity-modulated fiber-optic systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 11, pp. 1721-1728, Nov. 1993.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (14)

C. Lorattanasane and K. Kikuchi, "Parametric instability of optical amplifier noise in long-distance optical transmission systems", J. Quantum Electron., vol. 33, pp. 1068-1074, 1997.

C. J. Rasmussen, "Simple and fast method for step size determination in computations of signal propagation though nonlinear fibers", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC'2001) , Anaheim, CA, Mar. 17-22 2001, paper WDD29-1.

X. Wang, K. Kikuchi and Y. Takushima, "Analysis of dispersion-managed optical fiber transmission system using nonreturn-to-zero pulse format and performance restriction from third-order dispersion", IEICE Trans. Electron., vol. E82-C, no. 8, pp. 1407-1413, 1999 .

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, New York: Academic, 1993.

K. Pasu and A. Tuptim, "Sideband instability in the presence of periodic power variation and periodic dispersion management", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC'2001), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 17-22 2001,paper WDD32.

H. C. Lim, F. Futami, K. Taira and K. Kikuchi, "Broad-band mid-span spectral inversion without wavelength-shift of 1.7-ps optical pulses using a highly-nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1405-1407, 1999.

H. C. Lim and K. Kikuchi, "A filter-free scheme for orthogonally-pumped, polarization-insensitive optical phase conjugation of broad-band optical signals", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 481-483, May 2001.

K. Pasu, A. Tuptim and K. Kikuchi, "Feasibility of 100-Gb/s 10 000-km single-channel optical transmission by midway optical phase conjugation in corporated with third-order dispersion compensation", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 293-295, Apr. 2001.

M. Morimoto, I. Kobayashi, H. Hiramatsu, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, Y. Suzuki and Y. Kamikura, "Development of dispersion compensation cable using reverse dispersion fiber", in Proc. 5th Asia-Pacific Conf, Communications, 1999 and 4th Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (APCC/OECC '99), vol. 2, 1999, pp. 1590-1593.

M. Kazunori and T. Yagi, "Dispersion flat and low nonlinear optical link with new type of reverse dispersion fiber (RDF-60)", in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication (OFC'2001), Anaheim, CA, Mar. 17-22 2001,paper TuH7.

T. Yamamoto, E. Yoshida, K. R. Tamura, K. Yonenaga and M. Nakazawa, "640-Gbit/s optical TDM transmission over 92 km through a dispersion-managed fiber consisting of single-mode fiber and `reverse dispersion fiber'", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 353-355, Mar. 2000.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto and K. R. Tamura, "1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third-and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2027-2029, 2000.

L. J. Richardson, W. Forysiak and K. J. Blow, "Single channel 320 Gbit/s short period dispersion managed transmission over 6000km", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, no. 24, pp. 2029-2030, 2000 .

T. Naito, N. Shimojoh, T. Tanaka, H. Nakamoto, M. Doi, T. Ueki and M. Suyama, "1 Terabit/s WDM transmission over 10 000km", in Proc. Europ. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC'99), Nice, France,Sept. 26-30 1999, pp. 24- 25.

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