Abstract

A real-time estimation technique for first-and second-order polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) is presented. It makes use of the spectrum of telecommunication signals. At the output of the transmission fiber, the signal is tapped and filtered. Three filters are used: a high-pass filter,a low-pass filter, and a narrow-band filter. The averaged states of polarization (SOPs) of the filtered signals are then measured using a polarimeter. We repeat the measurement for several different input SOPs using a polarization scrambler at the input of the fiber. From these measurements, we deduce the first-order PMD and, subsequently, the second-order PMD.

© 2003 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. C. Francia, F. Bruyere, J.-P. Thiery and D. Penninckx, "Simple dynamic polarization mode dispersion compensator", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 414-415, Mar. 1999.
  2. S. Lee, R. Khosravani, J. Peng, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, A. E. Willner and J. Feinberg, "Adjustable compensation of polarization mode dispersion using a high birefringence nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1277 -1279, Oct. 1999.
  3. F. Heismann, D. A. Fishman and D. L. Wilson, "Equalization of the first order polarization mode dispersion in a 10 Gb/s transmission system", in Proc. ECOC'98, Madrid, Spain,Sept. 1998, p. 528.
  4. M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur and J. A. Nagel, "A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 434-436, Apr. 2000.
  5. P. C. Chou, J. M. Fini and H. A. Haus, "Real-time principal state characterization for use in PMD compensators", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 568-570, June 2001.
  6. C. D. Poole, N. S.Neal S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner and H. J. Schulte, "Polarization dispersion and principle states in a 147 km undersea lightwave cable", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1185-1190, July 1988.
  7. L. Moller and L.Larry Buhl, "Spectral resolved PMD vector monitoring using a scanning Fabry-Pérot filter and a polarimeter", in LEOS Soc. 2000 Annu. Meeting, vol. 1, pp. 220-221.
  8. S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, L. S. Yan, Y. Q. Shi, A. E. Willner and S. Yao, "Wide dynamic range DGD monitoring by partial optical signal spectrum DOP measurement", presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. 2002, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2002.
  9. I. Roudas, G. Piech, M. Mlejnek, Y. Zhu and D. Q. Chowdhury, "Coherent heterodyne frequency-selective polarimeter for error signal generation in higher-order PMD compensators", presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. 2002, Anaheim, CA, WQ2, Mar. 2002.
  10. M. Karlsson, et al. "Autocorrelation function of the polarization-mode dispersion vector", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 14, pp. 939-941, 1999 .

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. D. Poole, N. S.Neal S. Bergano, R. E. Wagner and H. J. Schulte, "Polarization dispersion and principle states in a 147 km undersea lightwave cable", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 6, pp. 1185-1190, July 1988.

Other (9)

L. Moller and L.Larry Buhl, "Spectral resolved PMD vector monitoring using a scanning Fabry-Pérot filter and a polarimeter", in LEOS Soc. 2000 Annu. Meeting, vol. 1, pp. 220-221.

S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, L. S. Yan, Y. Q. Shi, A. E. Willner and S. Yao, "Wide dynamic range DGD monitoring by partial optical signal spectrum DOP measurement", presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. 2002, Anaheim, CA, Mar. 2002.

I. Roudas, G. Piech, M. Mlejnek, Y. Zhu and D. Q. Chowdhury, "Coherent heterodyne frequency-selective polarimeter for error signal generation in higher-order PMD compensators", presented at the Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. 2002, Anaheim, CA, WQ2, Mar. 2002.

M. Karlsson, et al. "Autocorrelation function of the polarization-mode dispersion vector", Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 14, pp. 939-941, 1999 .

C. Francia, F. Bruyere, J.-P. Thiery and D. Penninckx, "Simple dynamic polarization mode dispersion compensator", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 414-415, Mar. 1999.

S. Lee, R. Khosravani, J. Peng, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, A. E. Willner and J. Feinberg, "Adjustable compensation of polarization mode dispersion using a high birefringence nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 1277 -1279, Oct. 1999.

F. Heismann, D. A. Fishman and D. L. Wilson, "Equalization of the first order polarization mode dispersion in a 10 Gb/s transmission system", in Proc. ECOC'98, Madrid, Spain,Sept. 1998, p. 528.

M. Shtaif, A. Mecozzi, M. Tur and J. A. Nagel, "A compensator for the effects of high-order polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 434-436, Apr. 2000.

P. C. Chou, J. M. Fini and H. A. Haus, "Real-time principal state characterization for use in PMD compensators", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 568-570, June 2001.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.