Abstract

This paper describes a practical system design and the transmission performance of high-capacity super-dense-wavelength-division-multiplexing (SD-WDM) transmission in the zero-dispersion region employing distributed Raman amplification (DRA). By combining several semiconductor laser diodes (LDs) of different wavelengths, gain-flattened DRA can be achieved. We quantitatively clarify the relation between the pump power and the maximum input signal power that can be injected into a transmission fiber by taking into account gain saturation due to pump depletion. Based on these analytical results and computer simulations on transmission performance, an SD-WDM transmission experiment is conducted. By employing four-wavelength, backward-pumped DRA and forward-error correction, we successfully demonstrate 1-Tb/s (100 × 10 Gb/s) SD-WDM transmission with 25-GHz channel spacing (0.4-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency) in the C-band (zero-dispersion region) over 4 × 80 km of dispersion-shifted fiber. These results show that DRA is a powerful technology in realizing high-capacity SD-WDM transmission, particularly in the zero-dispersion region.

© 2003 IEEE

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