Abstract

We develop a numerical model for the transmission performance of bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) transmissions. Using the numerical model, wavelength-interleaved 10-Gb/s bidirectional WDM systems are analyzed by considering the impairment of the system performance due to Rayleigh backscattering (RB). We also calculate the power penalty and the crosstalk due to RB from the analytical model, and then compare to the results obtained from the numerical model. The analytical model can provide similar results obtained from the numerical model. Both the numerical and analytical models suggest that the total isolation of filters must be more than 19.5 dB for 320-km transmission while keeping the power penalty of less than 2 dB.

© 2003 IEEE

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  1. S. Radic, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Srivastava, H. Kim, L. Nelson, S. Liang, K. Tai and N. Copner, "25 GHz interleaved bidirectional transmission over nonzero dispersion shifted fiber", in Proc. OFC 2001, Anaheim, CA, 2001,Paper ThF7-1.
  2. H. D. Kim, J. H. Shin, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh and C. H. Lee, "Bidirectional amplifier employing the bidirectional dispersion compensation technique", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 747 -749, July. 2001.
  3. R. K. Staubli, P. Gysel and R. U. Hofstetter, "Power penalties due to multiple Rayleigh backscattering in coherent transmission systems using in-line optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 2, pp. 872-874, Dec. 1990.
  4. J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana and G. Grasso, "Impact of multiple reflection noise in Gbit/s lightwave systems with optical fiber amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 25, pp. 1393-1394, Sept. 1989.
  5. T.-W. Oh, J.-H. Shin, H. D. Kim, C.-H. Lee, M. S. Lee and B. Y. Kim, "Bidirectional erbium-doped fiber amplifier with nonreciprocal optical filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 283-284, Mar. 2001.
  6. P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, "Statistical properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single-mode fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 561-567, Apr. 1990.
  7. D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998.
  8. H. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma and E. Rabarijaona, "Pump interaction in a 100-nm bandwidth Raman amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 530-532, May 1999.
  9. A. Lowery, O. Lenzmann, I. Koltchanov, R. Moosburger, R. Freund, A. Richter, S. Georgi, D. Breuer and H. Hamster, "Multiple signal representation simulation of photonic devices, systems and networks", J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 6, pp. 282-296, Mar./Apr. 2000.
  10. J. Lee, S. K. Kim, Y. Kim, O. Mizuhara, G. Lyu, S. S. Kang, J. Song and J. Jeong, "Performance evaluation and prediction using eye margin characteristics for optical transmission systems", Opt. Commun., vol. 193, pp. 113-120, June 2001.
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, New York: Academic, 1989 .
  12. J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana and G. Grasso, "Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 2, pp. 211 -213, Mar. 1990.
  13. S. Radic and S. Chandrasekhar, "Limitations in dense bidirectional transmission in absence of optical amplification", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 95-97, Jan. 2002.
  14. F. Khaleghi, J. Li, M. Kavehrad and H. Kim, "Increasing repeater span in high-speed bidirectional WDM transmission systems using a new bidirectional EDFA configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1252-1254, Sept. 1996.
  15. P. Wan and J. Conradi, "Impact of single and double Rayleigh backscattering on available system gain in optically amplified fiber systems without isolators", in 1996 Canadian Conf. Elec. Comp. Eng. Tech. Dig., Calgary, AB, Canada,May 1996, pp. 237-240.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

P. Gysel and R. K. Staubli, "Statistical properties of Rayleigh backscattering in single-mode fibers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 8, pp. 561-567, Apr. 1990.

Other (14)

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998.

H. Kidorf, K. Rottwitt, M. Nissov, M. Ma and E. Rabarijaona, "Pump interaction in a 100-nm bandwidth Raman amplifier", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, pp. 530-532, May 1999.

A. Lowery, O. Lenzmann, I. Koltchanov, R. Moosburger, R. Freund, A. Richter, S. Georgi, D. Breuer and H. Hamster, "Multiple signal representation simulation of photonic devices, systems and networks", J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron., vol. 6, pp. 282-296, Mar./Apr. 2000.

J. Lee, S. K. Kim, Y. Kim, O. Mizuhara, G. Lyu, S. S. Kang, J. Song and J. Jeong, "Performance evaluation and prediction using eye margin characteristics for optical transmission systems", Opt. Commun., vol. 193, pp. 113-120, June 2001.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, New York: Academic, 1989 .

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana and G. Grasso, "Observation of equivalent Rayleigh scattering mirrors in lightwave systems with optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 2, pp. 211 -213, Mar. 1990.

S. Radic and S. Chandrasekhar, "Limitations in dense bidirectional transmission in absence of optical amplification", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 95-97, Jan. 2002.

F. Khaleghi, J. Li, M. Kavehrad and H. Kim, "Increasing repeater span in high-speed bidirectional WDM transmission systems using a new bidirectional EDFA configuration", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, pp. 1252-1254, Sept. 1996.

P. Wan and J. Conradi, "Impact of single and double Rayleigh backscattering on available system gain in optically amplified fiber systems without isolators", in 1996 Canadian Conf. Elec. Comp. Eng. Tech. Dig., Calgary, AB, Canada,May 1996, pp. 237-240.

S. Radic, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Srivastava, H. Kim, L. Nelson, S. Liang, K. Tai and N. Copner, "25 GHz interleaved bidirectional transmission over nonzero dispersion shifted fiber", in Proc. OFC 2001, Anaheim, CA, 2001,Paper ThF7-1.

H. D. Kim, J. H. Shin, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh and C. H. Lee, "Bidirectional amplifier employing the bidirectional dispersion compensation technique", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 747 -749, July. 2001.

R. K. Staubli, P. Gysel and R. U. Hofstetter, "Power penalties due to multiple Rayleigh backscattering in coherent transmission systems using in-line optical amplifiers", IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 2, pp. 872-874, Dec. 1990.

J. L. Gimlett, M. Z. Iqbal, L. Curtis, N. K. Cheung, A. Righetti, F. Fontana and G. Grasso, "Impact of multiple reflection noise in Gbit/s lightwave systems with optical fiber amplifiers", Electron. Lett., vol. 25, pp. 1393-1394, Sept. 1989.

T.-W. Oh, J.-H. Shin, H. D. Kim, C.-H. Lee, M. S. Lee and B. Y. Kim, "Bidirectional erbium-doped fiber amplifier with nonreciprocal optical filter", Electron. Lett., vol. 37, pp. 283-284, Mar. 2001.

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