Abstract

The recent progress of dispersion-managed transmission technologies for ultra-long-haul wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) systems is reviewed. First, we discuss the dispersion-management technologies for 10 Gb/s-based WDM systems. Next, dispersion-managed technologies for higher bit rate applications are reviewed, including dispersion-managed soliton transmission. Finally,we compare the effectiveness of different modulation formats for achieving ultradense WDM transmission for future applications.

© 2003 IEEE

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J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, "Circulating loop transmission experiments for study of long-haul transmission systems using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, pp. 879-888, May 1995.

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, "Wavelength division multiplexing in long-haul transmission systems", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 14, pp. 1229-1308, June 1996 .

I. Morita, M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, K. Tanaka and S. Yamamoto, "Long-haul soliton WDM transmission with periodic dispersion compensation and dispersion slope compensation", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 80-85, Jan. 1999.

I. Morita, K. Tanaka, N. Edagawa and M. Suzuki, "40 Gb/s single-channel soliton transmission over transoceanic distances by reducing Gordon-Haus timing jitter and soliton-soliton interaction", J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, pp. 2506-2511, Dec. 1999.

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (56)

N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow and I. Bennion, "Enhanced power solitons in optical fiber with periodic dispersion management", Electron. Lett., vol. 32, pp. 54-55, 1996.

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, "Generation of asymptotically stable optical solitons and suppression of the Gordon-Haus effect", Opt. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 31-33, 1992.

I. P. Kaminov and T. L. Koch, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA , San Diego, CA: Academic, 1997, ch. 8 and 9.

T. Naito, T. Terahara, T. Chikama and M. Suyama, "Four 5-Gbit/s WDM transmission over 4760-km straight-line using pre-and post-dispersion compensation and FWM crosstalk reduction", in Proc. OFC'96,, Paper WM3,. pp. 182-183.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelman, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen and A. Puc, "170 Gbit/s transmission over 10 850 km using large core transmission fiber", in Proc. OFC'98, 1998, pp. PD17-1-PD17-4.

M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heismann, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach and N. S. Bergano, "Demonstration of 640 Gbit/s × 7000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment", in Proc. OFC'01, 2001, Paper WF5,. pp. WF5-1-WF5-3.

E. Shibano, S. Nakagawa, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga and K. Goto, "96 × 11.4 Gbit/s transmission over 3800 km using C-band EDFA and nonzero dispersion shifted fiber", in Proc. OFC'01, 2001, Paper TuN2,. pp. TuN2-1-TuN2-3.

Y. Yamada, S. Nakagawa, K. Takshina, T. Kawazawa, H. Taga and K. Goto, "25 GHz spacing ultra-dense WDM transmission experiment of 1 Tbit/s (100 WDM × 10 Gbit/s) over 7300 km using non pre-chirped RZ format", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2212-2213, 1999.

K. Aikawa, T. Suzuki, T. Suzuki and A. Wada, "Single-mode optical fiber with effective core area larger than 160 µm2", in Proc. ECOC'99, 1999, pp. I302 -I303.

T. Kato, M. Hirano, M. Onishi and M. Nishimura, "Ultra low nonlinearity low loss pure silica core fiber", in Proc. OECC'99, 1999, pp. 1575-1576.

K. Osono, K. Kotani, K. Murakami, Y. Bing, T. Yamazaki and H. Shimane, "The study of ultra large effective area fiber and mating dispersion slope compensating fiber for dispersion flattened hybrid optical fiber DWDM link", in Proc. IWCS2001 , 2001, pp. 483-487.

S. N. Knudsen, M. Ø. Pedersen and L. Grüner-Nielsen, "Optimization of dispersion compensating fibers for cabled long-haul applications", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 2067-2068, 2000.

M. Murakami, T. Matsuda and T. Imai, "Quarter T bit/s (25 × 10 Gbit/s) over 9288 km WDM transmission experiment using nonlinear supported RZ pulse in higher order dispersion managed line", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 488-489, 1999.

K. Tanaka, T. Tsuritani, N. Edagawa and M. Suzuki, "320 Gbit/s (32 × 10.7 Gbit/s) error-free transmission over 7280 km using dispersion flattened fiber link with standard SMF and slope compensating DCF", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 1860-1862, 1999.

T. Naito, N. Shimojoh, T. Yanaka, H. Nakamoto, M. Doi, T. Ueki and M. Suyama, "1 terabit/s WDM transmission over 10 000 km", in Proc. ECOC'99, 1999, Paper PD2-1,. pp. 24-25.

T. Tsuritani, N. Takeda, K. Imai, K. Tanaka, A. Agata, I. Morita, H. Yamaguchi, N. Edagawa and M. Suzuki, "1 Tbit/s (10 × 10.7 Gbit/s) transoceanic transmission using 30 nm wide broadband optical repeaters with Aeff-enlarged positive dispersion fiber and slope-compensating DCF", Electron. Lett., vol. 35, pp. 2126-2128, 1999.

T. Tsuritani, Y. Yamada, A. Agata, N. Takeda, N. Edagawa and M. Suzuki, "1 Tbit/s (100 × 10.7 Gbit/s) transpacific transmission using single-stage 980 nm-pumped C-band optical repeaters without forward error correction", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 1566-1568, 2000.

B. Bakhshi, M. F. Arend, M. Vaa, E. A. Golovchenko, D. Duff, H. Li, S. Jiang, W. W. Patterson, R. L. Maybach and D. Kovsh, "1 Tbit/s (101 × 10 Gbit/s) transmission over transpacific using 28 nm C-band EDFAs", in Proc. OFC'01, 2001, Paper PD21,. pp. PS21-1-PD21-3.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, H. Taga and S. Akiba, "Reduction of Gordon-Haus timing jitter by periodic compensation in soliton transmission", Electron. Lett., vol. 31, pp. 2027-2029, 1995.

N. Edagawa, I. Morita, M. Suzuki, S. Yamamoto, K. Tanaka and S. Akiba, "Long distance soliton WDM transmission using a dispersion-flattened fiber", in Proc. OFC'97, 1997, pp. PD19-1-PD19-4.

M. Suzuki, I. Morita, K. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto and S. Akiba, "160 Gbit/s (8 × 20 Gbit/s) soliton WDM transmission experiments using dispersion flattened fiber and periodic dispersion compensation", Electron Lett., vol. 34, pp. 475-476, 1998.

K. Tanaka, I. Morita, M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa and S. Yamamoto, "400 Gbit/s (20 × 20 Gbit/s) dense WDM soliton-based RZ signal transmission using dispersion flattened fiber", Electron Lett., vol. 33, pp. 2257-2258, 1998.

T. Ito, K. Fukuchi, Y. Inada, T. Tsuzaki, M. Haraumoto, M. Kakui and K. Fujii, "3.2 Tb/s-1500 km WDM transmission experiment using 64 nm hybrid repeater amplifiers", in Proc. OFC'00, 2000, Paper PD24,. pp. PD24-1-PD24-3.

T. Tsuritani, A. Agata, K. Imai, I. Morita, K. Tanaka, T. Miyakawa, N. Edagawa and M. Suzuki, "35 GHz-spaced-20 Gbps × 100 WDM RZ transmission over 2700 km using SMF-based dispersion flattened fiber span", in Proc. ECOC'00, 2000, pp. 1.5-1- 1.5-2.

J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. J. Lucero, C. R. Davidson, D. Foursa, H. Kidorf, M. A. Mills, R. Menges, P. C. Corbett, D. Sutton and N. S. Bergano, "2.4 Tb/s (120 × 20 Gb/s) transmission over transoceanic distance using optimum FEC overhead and 48% spectral efficiency", in Proc. OFC'01, 2001, pp. PD20-1-PD20-3.

I. Morita, K. Tanaka, N. Edagawa and M. Suzuki, "40 Gbit/s × 16 WDM transmission over 2000 km using dispersion managed low-nonlinear fiber span", in Proc. ECOC'00, vol. 4, 2000, pp. 25- 27.

H. Taga, H. Yamauchi, T. Inoue and K. Goto, "Performance improvement of highly nonlinear long-distance optical fiber transmission system using novel high gain forward error correcting code", in Proc. OFC'01, 2001, Paper TuF3,. pp. TuF3-1-TuF3-3.

J. Yoshimura, K. Suzuki and T. Ohsumi, "10 Gb/s × 105 DWDM SLTE with super FEC transponder", in Proc. Suboptic 2001, 2001, Paper T4.4.4,. pp. 414-417.

B. S. Jackson, R. B. Jander and F. Kerfoot, "10 Gb/s DWDM transmission terminal equipment: the second generation", in Proc. Suboptic 2001, 2001, Paper T4.4.5,. pp. 418-421.

A. Agata, K. Tanaka and N. Edagawa, "Study on optimum Reed-Solomon code for 40 Gbit/s-based ultra long-distance WDM transmission", in Proc. OECC'01, 2001, pp. 181 -182.

T. Tsuritani, A. Agata, I. Morita and N. Edagawa, "21.4 Gbit/s × 56 WDM 9170 km transmission using symmetrically dispersion-managed fiber span", in Proc. ECOC'01, 2001, Paper PD.M.1.6,. pp. 12-13.

K. Tanaka, I. Morita, N. Edagawa and M. Suzuki, "Impact of nonlinear crosstalk in 0.8 nm-spaced 40 Gbit/s DWDM systems", Electron. Lett., vol. 36, pp. 1217-1218, 2000.

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